Medical Terms 4

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epidermis

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123 Terms

1

epidermis

outer layer of skin: water proof layer that functions as protection a contains melanocytes that secrete melanin

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2

dermis

deep layer of skin that contain the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles

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3

subcutaneous layer

layer of loose connective tissue that connects the tissue to the surface muscles; contains the blood vessels and fat; also called the hypodermis

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4

adipocytes

fat cells that make up most of the subcutaneous layer

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5

arrector pili muscles

tiny muscle that attach to the hair follicle

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6

hair

veralinized fibers that arise from hair follicles

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7

hair follicle

area from which hair grows; located in the dermis

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8

Keratin

protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness

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9

keratinocytes

cells found in the epidermal layer of skin that secrete keratin and assist in water proofing the skin

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10

melanocytes

cells that give color to skin, eyes, and hair by secreting the pigment melanin; located in dermis

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11

nail

translucent plate made of Keratin that covers at protects the ends of the fingers of toes

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12

sebaceous glands

glands that secrete oil (sebum), into the hair follicle and onto the epidermis

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13

sebum

oily secretion of sebaceous gland

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14

odip/o

fat

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15

cry/o

cold

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16

elect/o

electric

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17

erythr/o

red

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18

hidr/o

sweat

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19

kerat/o

hard

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20

myc/o

fungus

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21

necr/o

death

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22

onych/o

nail

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23

pachy/o

thick

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24

py/o

pus

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25

rhytid/o

wrinkle

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26

scier/o

hard

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27

seb/o

sebum

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28

trich/o

hair

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29

xanth/o

yellow

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30

Xer/o

dry

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31

adipose

fat, fatty

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32

atypical

unusual

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33

circumscribed

container to a specific area

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34

cyanosis

blue discoloration of the skin and other tissues

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35

diaphoresis

profuse sweating

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36

dysplasia

abnormal growth of tissue

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37

erythematous

condition of being red

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38

eschar

blackened area of burned tissue

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39

exfoliation

shedding of dead skin cells

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40

indurated

pertaining to an area of hardened tissue

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41

integumentary

pertaining to the skin and accessory tissue

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42

pailor

abnormally pale skin

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43

prunitic

pertaining to itching

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44

purulent

containing pus

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45

sebaceous

pertaining to sebum

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46

sudoriferous

pertaining to sweat

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47

turgor

state of turgidity (fullness) of cells due to fluid absorption

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48

abrasion

injury resulting in removal or disturbance of the superficial layer of the skin

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49

abscess

a circumscribed collection of pus caused by a bacterial function

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50

albinism

a group of inherited disorders with deficiency of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes

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51

acne

inflammatory disease of sebaceous glands and hair follicles marked by papules (pimples) a pustules (pimples with pus)

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52

burn

injury to skin caused by heat or other means

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53

superficial burn

a burn involving only the epidermis; causes redness and swelling but no blisters 1st degree burn

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54

partial thickness burn

a burn involving the epidermis and dermis usually involves blister, 2nd degree bum

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55

full thickness burn

burn involving destruction of the entire skin; extends into subcutaneous fat, muscle and/or bone & often causes severe scarring, 3rd degree burn

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56

Carbuncle

collection of large localized abscesses usually arising in hair follicles and typically infected w/ staphylococcus bacteria

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57

cellulitis

inflammation of the subcutaneous connective tissue

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58

cicatrix

the fibrous tissue replacing normal tissues destroyed by disease or injury: scar

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59

Comedo

a plug of sebum in the hair follicle that becomes darkened; blackhead

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60

contusion

injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin; bruise

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61

cyst

a closed sac that contains liquid or semi solid material

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62

decubitus ulcer

a pressure sore of the skin and underlying tissues, bedsore

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63

dermatome

area of skin supplied by periphal nerves

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64

eczema

inflammatory condition causing patchy redness, scales, blisters, itchiness, and burning

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65

excoriation

a scratch mark on the skin fissure

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66

furuncle

infection of a hair follicle; boil

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67

gangrene

area of necrosis (tissue death) due to lack of blood flow

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68

herpes simplex

an eruption of blisters on the skin caused by local infection of herpes virus; cold sore

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69

herpes zoster

an infection caused by the herpesvirus

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70

impetigo

a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occuring on the face in children

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71

jaundice

abnormal yellowing of the skin caused by bile

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72

Keloid

an overgrowth of scar tissue

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73

lesion

a pathologic change in tissue from disease /injury

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74

macula

a small, that discolored spot on the skin

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75

nervus

a birthmark or mole on skin, raised and red.

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76

nodule

solid raised area located in any layer of skin

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77

papule

a small, raised, solid circumscribed area of skin

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78

paronychia

inflammation and infection around the nail due to bacteria or fungal

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79

pediculosis

an infestation of lice

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80

psoriasis

skin condition marked by red, itchy, scaly patches primarily on the scalp, knees, elbow, and trunk

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81

pustule

a small circumscribed elevation of skin with pus

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82

rosacea

chronic skin disorder causing enythematous (red spots) papules, pustules, a increased sebum production on face

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83

scabies

skin disease w/ eruptions itching caused by mites

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84

tinea

fungal infection of hair, skin, nails : ring worm

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85

tinea capitis

fungal infection of the scalp tinea pedis

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86

urticaria

an eruption of itchy, round, red welts usually from allergies, hives

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87

varicella

on acute contagious disease caused by the Varicella-zoster virus and skin eruptions, chicken pox

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88

Verruca

contagious, painful wart from human papilloma virus (hpv)

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89

vosicle

a clear, fluid filled, raised location, blister

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90

vitiligo

areas of the skin without melanocytes, white patches

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91

wheal

raised reddish lesion that changes size and shape and extends into adjacent areas, allergen

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92

xanthoderma

Any yellow coloration of skin

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93

biopsy

process of removing tissue from living patients for microscopic examination

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94

culture + sensitivity(C+S)

growing of an organism from a specimen from the body to determine its susceptibility to medication

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95

frozen section (FS)

a thin slice of tissue out from frozen specimen used for rapid microscopic diagnosis

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96

scratch test

type of allergy test in which antigen is applied in scratches

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97

tuberculosis test

an intradermal test to determine whether a patient has tuberculosis or has been exposed

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98

cauterization

the use of heat, cold, electric current, or caustic chemicals to destroy tissue

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99

cryosurgery

the use of freezing temp to destroy tissue

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100

debridement

removal of necrotic skin or Foreign matter from wound

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