Medical Terminology #1

studied byStudied by 3 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Aerobic

1 / 99

Tags and Description

Medical Terminology

100 Terms

1

Aerobic

the presence of air or oxygen

New cards
2

Agonist

to enhance an expected response

New cards
3

Anaerobic

the absence of air or oxygen

New cards
4

Aniscoria

a condition characterized by unequal pupil size

New cards
5

Antagonist

to inhibit or counteract the effects of other drugs or undesired effects

New cards
6

Anion

an ion with a negative charge

New cards
7

Aphasia

inability or difficulty in speaking

New cards
8

Apnea

the cessation of spontaneous respirations

New cards
9

Ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

New cards
10

Ataxia

failure of muscle coordination

New cards
11

Atrophy

shrinkage of a cell or muscle

New cards
12

Aura

sensation (may be visual, smell, taste, etc.) that may precede a migraine or seizure

New cards
13

Benign

nonmalignant, often not problematic

New cards
14

Bile

secreted by the liver, stored in gallbladder

New cards
15

Blebs

collection of air between the lung and visceral pleura that can result in spontaneous pneumothorax

New cards
16

Bruit

an abnormal sound or murmur due to a narrowing of the vessel

New cards
17

Bursa

a sac containing synovial fluid that helps ease friction between tendons and bone

New cards
18

Carcinogens

cancer-causing agents

New cards
19

Cartilage

smooth and firm connective tissue

New cards
20

Cation

an ion with a positive charge

New cards
21

Cell

basic unit of life

New cards
22

Cerumen

ear wax found in external ear canal

New cards
23

Chyme

mass of partially digested food passed from stomach to the duodenum

New cards
24

Cilia

small, hair-like structures

New cards
25

Coma

deep state of unconsciousness, unarousable

New cards
26

Confabulation

made up stories to fill in gaps of lost memory

New cards
27

Congenital

present at birth

New cards
28

Contrecoup

occurs at a site opposite of the side of impact

New cards
29

Crepitus

a grating sound or sensation often caused by bone on bone rubbing, or with inflammation in joints

New cards
30

Dehydration

an excessive loss of water or fluids from the body.

New cards
31

Demarcation

line or visible mark between living and necrotic tissues.

New cards
32

Dendrites

found at the end of neurons, allows propagation of message towards cell body.

New cards
33

Dentalgia

is a toothache

New cards
34

Dermatomes

specific area that is supplied by a single spinal nerve

New cards
35

Dysarthria

poor articulation of speech. Often due to affected muscles used in speaking

New cards
36

Dyskinesia

disorder related to involuntary muscle movements

New cards
37

Dysplasia

abnormal growth of a cell

New cards
38

Dysphagia

difficulty in swallowing

New cards
39

Dysuria

difficult or painful urination

New cards
40

Edema

excess fluid in the interstitial spaces

New cards
41

Epidemic

a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time

New cards
42

Erythrocytes

red blood cells

New cards
43

Facilitated diffusion

a carrier-mediated process moving substances from areas of high concentration to low concentration

New cards
44

Fascia

connective tissue that surrounds or separates muscles

New cards
45
New cards
46

Fecalith

fecal impaction in the colon

New cards
47

Fibrinogen

blood protein used in clotting cascade

New cards
48

Frailty

characterized by exhaustion, slowed performance, weakness, weight loss, low physical activity, often seen in the elderly

New cards
49

Gait

walking or moving on foot

New cards
50

Ganglia

a group of nerve cell bodies in the peripheral nervous system

New cards
51

Gestation

period from fertilization of ovum to birth of fetus

New cards
52

Globulins

simple proteins classified by their size, mobility, and solution

New cards
53

Glomerulus

mass of capillaries found at the beginning of each nephron

New cards
54

Hematuria

blood in the urine.

New cards
55

Hemiparesis

one-sided weakness; often seen in those with CVA’s.

New cards
56

Hemolysis

breakdown of red blood cells.

New cards
57

Hemophilia

hereditary bleeding disorders due to missing factors for proper blood coagulation.

New cards
58

Hemoptysis

coughing up blood.

New cards
59

Host

an animal or human with exposure to an infectious agent.

New cards
60

Hydrocele

a fluid-filled sac along the spermatic cord.

New cards
61

Hymen

a mucous membrane covering the vaginal outlet.

New cards
62

Hyperemia

increased blood flow to an organ.

New cards
63

Hyperopia

distant vision is clear, but near vision is often blurry (farsightedness).

New cards
64

Hyperplasia

excessive increase in the number of cells.

New cards
65

Idiopathic

unknown cause.

New cards
66

Idiosyncrasy

an abnormal response to a drug.

New cards
67

Incontinence

inability to control bowel or bladder function.

New cards
68

Infarction

death of tissue from lack of oxygen.

New cards
69

Inferior

down/bottom, toward the feet.

New cards
70

Infiltration

how fluids pass into tissues.

New cards
71

Jejunum

part of the small intestine.

New cards
72

Joule

measurement of electrical energy.

New cards
73

Keloid

excessive scar tissue that goes beyond the original border.

New cards
74

Kyphosis

abnormal curvature of the spine, increased convexity as viewed laterally.

New cards
75

Lactate

found in cells during metabolism, byproduct of lactic acid.

New cards
76

Laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx.

New cards
77

Lobules

small lobes.

New cards
78

Luxation

a complete dislocation.

New cards
79

Malaise

general weakness.

New cards
80

Malignant

cancerous, has ability to metastasize or spread.

New cards
81

Mania

a mood disorder characterized by hyperactivity, agitation, excitement and occasional violent and self-destructive behavior.

New cards
82

Melena

black, tarry stools containing digested blood.

New cards
83

Metastasis

movement or spreading of cancer cells from location to another.

New cards
84

Myalgia

muscle pain

New cards
85

Necrosis

death of a cell or a group of cells as the result of disease, ischemia, or injury.

New cards
86

Neoplasia

new and abnormal growth that may be malignant or benign.

New cards
87

Nephron

the structural and functional unit of the kidney.

New cards
88

Nocturia

excessive urination at night.

New cards
89

Nucleus

controlling body of a cell.

New cards
90

Nystagmus

involuntary jerking actions of the eyes.

New cards
91

Oliguria

diminished ability to create or pass urine.

New cards
92

Orchitis

inflammation of the testicle that may be painful.

New cards
93

Osmolality

osmotic pressure of a solution.

New cards
94

Osmosis

the diffusion of solvent (water) through a membrane from a less concentrated solution to a more concentrated solution.

New cards
95

Ostomy

a surgical opening that creates a hole from the inside of the body to the outside.

New cards
96

Ovum

a female egg or egg cell.

New cards
97

Parenteral

any medication route other than the oral route

New cards
98

Paresthesia

sensation of numbness tingling or “pins and needles”

New cards
99

Pathogen

a cause of a disease

New cards
100

Phobia

anxiety disorder characterized by an obsessive, irrational, and intense fear of a specific object or activity

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 28 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 24 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10285 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(44)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 330 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(7)
flashcards Flashcard23 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard22 terms
studied byStudied by 24 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(4)
flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 80 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard119 terms
studied byStudied by 225 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard117 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard38 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
4.4 Stars(9)