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Uses donated blood in a transfusion, that must be of a compatible blood type.
slows clotting/coagulation and prevents new clots from forming.
any substance that the body regards as being foreign
condition characterized by an absence of all formed blood elements caused by the failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow.
Uses the patient's own blood in a transfusion, instead of blood from a donor.
formed in red bone marrow, are the least common type of WBCs.
the process of blood clotting, or the formation of a blood clot.
also known as a bleeding disorder, occurs when the blood's ability to coagulate is impaired.
comprehensive metabolic panel
(CMP), a screening tool that provides information about the state of the body's metabolism by measuring fourteen different substances in the blood.
(DCS), also called the bends, is a potentially fatal condition that can occur as a result of deep-sea diving or unpressurized air travel.
direct antiglobulin test
(DAT)(direct Coombs test), used to investigate possible hemolytic transfusion reaction or whether a fetus or newborn has a hemolytic disease.
formed in red bone marrow and then migrate to tissues throughout the body
mature red blood cells produced by the red bone marrow
(EPO) a hormone produced in the kidneys that promotes production of erythrocytes in the bone marrow.
aids in blood clotting and the formation of a scab to help the wound heal
clotting proteins found in plasma (and prothrombin)
a group of proteins in the blood that play an important role in the immune system
Neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils are called granulocytes because they have small granules containing proteins
a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating abnormalities, diseases, and disorders of the blood and blood-forming tissues.
the formation of blood cells
(HCT) is the percentage of the blood that is made up of red blood cells
oxygen-carrying blood protein pigment of the erythrocytes
the process of breaking down erythrocytes
am inadequate number of circulating red blood cells due to the premature destruction of red blood cells by the spleen
a hereditary bleeding disorder in which a blood-clotting factor is missing
balance,to stop or control bleeding
the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
a common anticoagulant
a genetic disorder that causes the red blood cells to be spherical rather than flat
help the body attack and kill germs (antibodies)
type of cancer characterized by a progressive increase in the number of abnormal leukocytes found in blood-forming tissues, other organs, and the circulating blood.
(WBCs), blood cells involved in supporting the immune system in defense against infective organisms and foreign substances.
decrease in the number of disease-fighting leukocytes circulating in the blood
lipoprotein panel blood test
(lipid panel), requires that a patient fast for 8-12 hours before the blood is drawn.
(lymphoid cells), leukocytes that are formed in bone marrow that produce antibodies that specifically target foreign substances in the body.
the large cells in the bone marrow that produce platelets
formed in the red bone marrow, liver, and spleen. They are the largest type of white blood cells.
a type of cancer that occurs in blood-making plasma cells found in the red bone marrow
the presence of few neutrophils in the blood, usually as a result of cancer treatment
formed in the red bone marrow, are the most common type of WBCs
(NHL), the more common type, refers to all lymphomas other than Hodgkin’s lymphoma
a condition that is characterized by lower-than-normal quantities of erythrocytes leukocytes, and platelets
caused by a lack of the protein intrinsic factor (IF) that helps the body absorb vitamin B12 from the GI tract
cells that play role in the immune system’s defense against pathogens by engulfing and consuming pathogens
medical professional who draws blood from patients for labs and other procedures
a straw-colored fluid that contains nutrients, hormones, and waste products
removal of blood plasma by drawing blood, then separating the blood into its cellular elements
(thrombocytes), the smallest formed elements of the blood
(PT), a blood coagulation test used to diagnose conditions associated with abnormalities of clotting time and to monitor anticoagulant therapy
red blood cells that have just been released from the bone marrow
defines the presence of absence of the Rh antigen on red blood cells
a potentially life-threatening infection that results from bacteria/infectious organisms entering the bloodstream
clear, pale-yellow plasma fluid that remains after the blood cells and clotting proteins have been removed
sickle cell anemia
(SCA) the most common form of a group of blood disorders known as sickle cell disease.
inherited blood disorder that causes mild or severe anemia due to reduced hemoglobin
therapeutic plasma exchange
(TPE) some of the patient’s own blood is circulated through a device that removes the disease-causing antibodies in plasma and replaces them with donor plasma and/or a plasma substitute
Platelets, are the smallest formed elements of the blood
a condition in which there is an abnormally small number of platelets circulating in the blood
a potentially fatal complication of a blood transfusion in which a response occurs because the patient’s blood and the donated blood do not match.
Von Willebrand disease
(VWD), the most common genetic bleeding disorder, impacts women more than men