Chapter 8 review

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Joint

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41 Terms

1

Joint

place where two or more bones meet

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2

synarthroses

immovable joint

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3

amphiarthroses

slightly moveable joint

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4

diarthroses

freely movable joint

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5

cartilaginous joint

joint where articulating bones are joined with cartilage

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6

fibrous joint

joint where bones are joined by fibrous tissue

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7

gomphoses

fibrous joint that resembles a peg-in-socket

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8

syndesmoses

fibrous joint containing fibers of varying lengths

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9

symphyses

cartilaginous joint containing a pad of shock-absorbing cartilage

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10

synchondroses

cartilaginous joint containing a plate or bar of cartilage

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11

reinforcing ligaments

band-like structures that strengthen a synovial joint

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12

articular cartilage

thin layer of hyaline cartilage that covers bones that articulate

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13

circumduction

moving in a circular motion

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14

opposition

thumb and index finger pressed together

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15

translation

gliding movement; queen wave

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16

flexion

decreasing the joint angle

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17

rotation

looking side to side

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18

plantar flexion

pointing toes up

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19

elevation

moving body part in superior direction

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20

eversion

soles pointed outward

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21

protraction

sticking out your jaw to create an underbite

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22

abduction

movement away from the body’s midline

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23

depression

movement in an inferior direction

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24

inversion

soles together

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25

retraction

pulling jaw in creating an overbite

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26

hyperextension

tilting your head back

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27

supination

palms upward

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28

pronation

palms downward

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29

extension

straightened limbs

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30

hinge joint

synovial joint where the cylinder shape of one bone fits into the trough of another bone

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31

ball and socket joint

synovial joint where the spherical end of one bone articulates with a cup-shaped depression of another bone

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32

saddle joint

synovial joint where the concave surface of one bone meets the convex surface of another bone

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33

pivot joint

synovial joint where a ring of bones or ligaments surrounds the rounded end of another bone

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34

condyloid joint

synovial joint where the oval shape of one bone fits into the depression on another bone

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35

plane joint

synovial joint where both articulating surfaces are flat

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36

functional classes of joints

synarthroses, amphiarthroses, diarthroses

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37

structural classes of joints

fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial

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38

types of fibrous joints

sutures, syndesmoses, gomphoses

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39

types of cartilaginous joints

sychondroses and symphyses

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40

features of synovial joint

articular cartilage, articular capsule, synovial cavity, synovial fluid, reinforcing ligaments

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41

factors that influence the stability of a joint

socket depth, number of ligaments, number of muscle tendons

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