Famous Greeks

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Aesop

-A greek slave -About 550 B.C. -Made up his famous fables -Fables involved animals talking and acting like people

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Achilles

-warrior hero -son of the Thetis, a nereid, and Peleus, the king of the Myrmidons -described having a large chest, a fine mouth, and powerfully formed arms and legs -very fierce in battle -Thetis tried to make him immortal by dipping him in the river Styx

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Zeus

-King of the gods -ruled the sky and threw lightning bolts -god of the sky, rain, and lightning -Hera’s husband

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Homer

-c. 750 B.C.E -Epic poems included the Iliad and the Odyssey -Historians don’t know if he was a real person or if he wrote the poems alone or not. -Many people was guessed about his personal life Created different style of poetry

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Sophocles

-a general and a writer of plays -used 3 actors in his stories instead of 1 or 2 -most famous plays were Odiepus Rex and Antigone

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Euripides

-One of the best 3 writers of tragedy plays -Tried to take drama beyond heroes and gods; characters more “down-to-earth”. -Took interest in real-life situations, especially war. Showed war as cruel.

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Aristophanes

-son of Philippus, of the deme Kydathenaion -a comic playwright or comedy-writer of ancient Athens -writers of the original Greek comedy

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Aeschylus

-ancient Greek tragedian -Greek tragedy is largely based on inferences made from reading his surviving plays -most famous work is Prometheus Boun

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Pythagoras

-an ancient Ionian Greek philosopher and the eponymous founder of Pythagoreanism -political and religious teachings were well known in Magna Graecia -influenced the philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, and, through them, the West in general

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Socrates

-Greek philosopher from Athens -credited as the founder of Western philosophy and among the first moral philosophers of the ethical tradition of thought -He taught that people should care less about their bodies and possessions and more about their souls

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Plato

-Greek philosopher born in Athens -born during the Classical period in Ancient Greece -founded the Platonist school of thought and the Academy, the first institution of higher learning on the European continent.

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Aristotle

-Greek philosopher and polymath -Taught by Plato -founder of the Peripatetic school of philosophy within the Lyceum and the wider Aristotelian tradition

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Herodotus

-Greek historian and geographer -from the Greek city of Halicarnassus -He is known for having written the Histories

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Thucydides

-Athenian historian and general. -History of the Peloponnesian War recounts the fifth-century BC war between Sparta and Athens until the year 411 BC -father of both scientific history and political realism.

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15

Philip II

-the king of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia -ruled from 359 BC until his death in 336 BC -member of the Argead dynasty, founders of the ancient kingdom, and the father of Alexander the Great

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Alexander the Great

-a king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon -succeeded his father Philip II to the throne in 336 BC at the age of 20 -spent most of his ruling years conducting a lengthy military campaign throughout Western Asia and Egypt

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Demosthenes

-a Greek statesman and orator in ancient Athens orations constitute a significant expression of contemporary ------Athenian intellectual prowess -provide insight into the politics and culture of ancient Greece during the 4th century BC

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Apollonius of Rhodes

-ancient Greek author -best known for the Argonautica, an epic poem about Jason and the Argonauts and their quest for the Golden Fleece -created the only full-scale epic surviving from the seven centuries that separate Virgil's Aeneid from Homer's Iliad and Odyssey

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Theocritus

-Greek poet from Sicily -creator of Ancient Greek pastoral poetry -poems were termed eidyllia (“idylls”), a diminutive of eidos, which may mean little poems

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Epicurus

-Greek philosopher and sage who founded Epicureanism -born on the Greek island of Samos to Athenian parents -Epicurus' ethics is a form of egoistic hedonism; i.e., he says that the only thing that is intrinsically valuable is one's own pleasure

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Zeno

-pre-Socratic Greek philosopher of Magna Graecia -member of the Eleatic School founded by Parmenides -best known for his paradoxes, which Bertrand Russell described as "immeasurably subtle and profound"

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Aristarchus

  • ancient Greek grammarian remembered for his commentary on the Iliad and Odyssey -ancient Greek astronomer and mathematician

  • presented the first known heliocentric model that placed the Sun at the center of the known universe

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Eratosthenes

-Greek polymath: a mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist -a man of learning, becoming the chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria -measured Earth's circumference mathematically using two surface points to make the calculation

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Archimedes

-Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, astronomer, and inventor -from the ancient city of Syracuse in Sicily -regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity

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Euclid

-ancient Greek mathematician active as a geometer and logician -Considered the "father of geometry" -chiefly known for the Elements treatise, which established the foundations of geometry that largely dominated the field until the early 19th century

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Hipparchus

-Hipparchus was a Greek astronomer, geographer, and mathematician -considered the founder of trigonometry -most famous for his incidental discovery of the precession of the equinoxes

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Hippocrates

-Greek physician of the classical period -considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine -introduced numerous medical terms universally used by physicians, including symptom, diagnosis, therapy, trauma and sepsis

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Hypatia

-Hypatia was a neoplatonist philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician -lived in Alexandria, Egypt, then part of the Eastern Roman Empire -prominent thinker in Alexandria where she taught philosophy and astronomy

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29

Poseidon

-god of the sea (and of water generally), earthquakes, and horses -distinguished from Pontus, the personification of the sea and the oldest Greek divinity of the waters -The name Poseidon means either “husband of the earth” or “lord of the earth”

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Hades

  • god of the underworld -son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea -he presided over hidden wealth

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Athena

-goddess of battle strategy, and wisdom -always accompanied by her owl and the goddess of victory, Nike -she wore a breastplate made out of goatskin called the Aegis -daughter of zeus

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Hera

-The goddess of women, marriage, and childbirth -Hera was both sister and wife of Zeus -had power over the skies and could bless the people with clear skies or curse them with storms

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