Exam 1 of AP HuG

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Abiotic

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Tags and Description

Based on in class discussion and The Cultural Landscape textbook by Rubenstein

99 Terms

1

Abiotic

Non-living or inorganic matter of an ecosystem

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2

Atmosphere

The thin layer of gas that surrounds earth

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3

Biosphere

Where all living things including human lives

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4

Biotic

Living organism of a ecosystem

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5

Cartography

The science of making maps. Connections. Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space

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6

Climate

The long term average weather

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7

Concentration

The extent of a feature spread over an area

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8

Connection

The relationship among people and object across the barrier of space

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9

Conservation

The management of natural resource that is up to par with human needs

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10

Contagious diffusion

A type of diffusion that is widespread and spread though a population fast

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11

Cultural ecology

The approach to human-environment of geography

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12

Cultural landscape

An approach that emphasizes the relationship of social and physical phenomena in a particular area

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13

Culture

A body of beliefs, material trait and social form that makes up traditions of specific group of people

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14

Density

The frequency of something in a given amount of unit/area

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15

Diffusion

The process of how ideas spread from one place to another

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16

Distance decay

With increasing distance, the less important/the disappearance of a phenomenon

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17

Distribution

The arrangement of something on earths surface

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18

Ecology

The scientific study of ecosystem

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19

Ecosystem

Abiotic and biotic relationships with each other in a environment

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20

Environmental determinism

The belief that the physical environment caused social development, first originated in the nineteenth-twenty centryish

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21

Expansion diffusion

The spread of something from one place to another, in a additive process

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22

Formal region

An area where people share one or more distinct feature

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23

Functional region(nodal)

An area organized at a focal/nodal point

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24

GIS

A computer system that captures, store and display geographic data

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25

Geographic information science

Geographic data and analysis acquired through satellites and other electronic technology

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26

Global positioning system

A system that determines the absolute location of something or someone on earth, using satellite and tracking station

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27

Globalization

The connection and or process that makes the world connected and world wide in scope

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28

Greenwich Mean Time

The international time that is based on the prime meridian

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29

Hearth

A place from which an innovation or idea originates

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30

Hierarchical diffusion

The spread of an idea from a node from an authority or key person or place . ie political leaders and elites

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31

Housing bubble

When markets prices rise to unreasonable or unsustainable

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32

Hydrosphere

Where all water near or on earth is located

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33

International Date Line

An arch that follows 180 longitude for the most part. East would go back a day, while west would move up a day

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34

Latitude

The system to indicate a location measuring from east to west of the prime meridian

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35

Lithosphere

Hearts crust and a portion of the upper mantle that is directly below the crust

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36

Location

The position of anything on earth's surface

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37

Longitude

The system to indicate a location measuring from north to south of the equator

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38

Map

A flat or two dimensional representation of earth's surface

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39

Map scale

The relationship of the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature in real life

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40

Mental map

A personal representation of a portion of earth from a person's memories

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41

Meridian

An arch drawn between the north and south pole

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42

Network

A chain of communication that connects places from one another

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43

Nonrenewable resource

A source that does not produced quickly as the demand for it

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44

Parallel

A circle drawn around a globe parallel to the equator and at right angles of meridians

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45

Pattern

The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a area

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46

Place

A location with particular characteristic

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47

Polder

The land that the dutch created by draining out water from an area

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48

Possibilism

The idea that even if the physical environment sets limits on human action, the people have the ability to adjust it

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49

Preservation

The maintenance of resources in the presents condition, with little to no human impact

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50

Prime meridian

The meridian at 0 longitude, that passes at greenwich england

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51

Projection

A system that is used to transfer the earth surface on a flat map

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52

Region

An area distinguished by one or more distinctive feature

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53

Regional (or cultural landscape) studies

An approach to geography that emphasizes the relationship of social and physical phenomenon in a certain area

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54

Relocation diffusion

The spread of an idea through physical movements from one place to another

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55

Remote sensing

The acquisition of data earth's surface via satellites and other long distance methods

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56

Renewable resource

Sources that grows fast unlike its demands

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57

Resource

A thing in an environment that is useful for humans and is economically and technologically feasible to access, and is socially acceptable to use

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58

Scale

The study of a portion of an area of earth and earth as a whole

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59

Site

The physical character of a place

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60

Situation

The location of a relative place from another

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61

Space

The physical gap between two objects

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62

Space-time compression

The reduction of time that it takes a idea to diffuse thanks to transportation and better communication

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63

Stimulus diffusion

The spread of an idea of a underlying principle

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64

Sustainability

The use of earth's renewable and nonrenewable sources in ways that it can sustain human life/usage in the future

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65

Toponym

A name of a portion of earth

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66

Transnational corporation

Companies that research/do business in foreign countries that are outside of their headquarters and shareholders

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67

Uneven development

The gaps in economic condition between the core to the peripheral region of globalization in the economy

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68

Vernacular region

An area that people believe exist as part of their cultural identity

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69

Geospatial skills

The ability to take raw data and convert it into things such as maps and to draw conclusion from the data

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70

Tariff

Tax on goods and services imported into a country

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71

Protectionism

The idea of shielding one's own country domestic industries from foreign competition by taxing imports

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72

Grid system

The system to help build/arrange information

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73

Free trade

A trade policy that allow permit inexpensive imports and exports, without tariffs or other trade barriers

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74

Outsourcing

The business practice of obtaining goods and services from a outside source in place of an internal source

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75

off-shoring

The business practice of relocating of a over sea, to take advantage of lower cost

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76

rust belt

Located in the united states, is the region of industrial decline. Those of which includes mainly Michigan and Ohio

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77

NAFTA

A landmark trade deal between Mexico, Canada and the united states, that took effect in 1994

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78

common pool resource

a resource made available to all by consumption and to which access can be limited only at high cost

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79

tragedy of the commons

a situation in which individuals with access to a public resource act in their own interest and, in doing so, ultimately deplete the resource

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80

Race to the bottom

A saying that refers to a competitive situation that involves a company/state/nation attempting to undercut the competition's prices by sacrificing quality standards or worker safety, or reducing labor costs

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81

watershed

An area that drains water by a river system

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82

divide

A high ridge line separating two or more watershed/basins/valley

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83

plateau

A broad elevated plain

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84

delta

Where major river branch out into several tunnel before reaching to the sea

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85

bay/sound/harbor

A calm protected in let from the sea

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86

peninsula

Strips of land sticking by water source

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87

archipelago

Closely scattered island

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88

elevation

The distance above sea level

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89

tributary

Small body of water flowing into a larger one

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90

headwaters

A stream of water that is either snowmelt or spring fed

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91

river source

Where a river begins, usually from snowmelt or from a spring

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92

confluence

Where river flow together

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93

aquifer

Underground water supply

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94

butte/mesa

Elevated land form caused by erosion

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95

isthmus

A narrow trip of land connecting two larger land masses

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96

strait

Narrow water passage between land mass

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97

barrier islands

a constantly changing deposit of sand that forms parallel to the coast

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98

river mouth

the place where a river enters another river, sea, ocean or lake

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99

snow bird

a person who migrates from the colder northern parts of North America to warmer southern locales, typically during the winter.

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