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a key feature of knowledge

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1

a key feature of knowledge

that it is always based on community

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2

scholars, experts, students, etc

help assert and validate knowledge

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3

the notion of borders and state identity are

a recent phenomena

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4

to address changes in our planet

we have to work as a collective

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5

the main questions we need to ask when studying world politics

how should we approach the study of world affairs? how is the world best understood? what is meant by global politics? how has international politics been transformed into global politics? how has global politics changed in recent years in relation to the issues of power, security, and justice? what is the balance between continuity and change in global politics?

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6

how should we approach the study of world affairs?

the approach has to consider the country and human condition that youre focusing on

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7

when did international politics turn into global politics?

post 1945

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8

what is the balance between continuity and change in global politics?

balancing the past and the future while living in the present we have to issues to address but we have to preserve the past and face the future

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9

why is the modern state a phenomena?

because after 1945, 100 new states emerged

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10

empires

expanded and colonized before 1945 after, they had to give up colonies because of civil forces or economic reasons people who kicked empires realized they had to organize

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11

the middle east emerging

the league of nations gave a mandate for french and british colonial powers to teach those in the middle east to become more modern they instead took over and divided the region between two empires and became a costly game with the people caught in between

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12

syria and lebanon

were altered by the french empire the french split the tribes into halves in the attempt to draw borders families were isolated and it led to a rebellion that killed 20,000 people

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13

how were african borders decided?

people came together and drew proper borders

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14

palestine and israel

the british promised the land to the palestinians and the jewish that led to the conflict that still has not ended

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15

the kurds

located across different states like turkey, iraq, iran, azerbaijan, and armenia they have not been able to make their own state, kurdistan

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16

canada

french speaking canadians established quebec some want secede to create quebec as a separate state

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17

the scottish

wanted to separate form the uk to make their own state

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18

global politics

the study of states and people

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19

globalization

the whole planet has become one, interconnected place

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20

the world

always changes

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21

outside countries

still play a role in our lives

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22

ukraine

when putin invaded ukraine, people were impacted across the world for example, people in ethiopa began starving because ukraine supplies fertilizer

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23

jurisdiction

the jurisdiction of state established by a system of laws or political force

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24

example of jurisdiction

the north pole is now under the debate of who's jurisdiction it will be under

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25

what redefines humanity?

markers that are regulated by laws and states that determine our existence papers, social security, credit history

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26

we cannot escape the power of

states

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27

global interdependence

states depend on one another that we cannot escape

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28

max weber

german sociologist, philosopher, jurist, political economist, and intellectual

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29

the modern state according to weber

is a compulsory association which organizes domination and has been successful in seeking to monopolize the legitimate use of physical force as a means of domination within a territory

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30

we have the ability to...

secede and control our own community

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31

communities rely on...

who is seen as legitimate

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32

legitimacy

determines who support decisions within a community

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33

monopoly

who controls the means of force

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34

territory

a limited border or area of land

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35

when was sovereignty established?

at the peace of westphalia after the 30 years war in europe

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36

peace of westphalia

when leaders, principalities, etc came together to determine territory and allow leaders control what happens within their own borders and ensure that said sovereignty wont be disrupted

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37

just because sovereignty is declared...

does not mean neighbors will respect it or take it seriously

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38

examples of sovereignty not being respect

russia invading ukraine the us invading iraq

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39

sovereignty

is not as sacred as we think but it still matters

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40

levels of analysis

foreign policy influences global influences state or internal influences individual influences like interests and culture policy making process foreign policy decisions

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41

foreign policy loop

global conditions actors internal characteristics leader foreign policy decisions

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42

how the global scale can be broken down

global international regional (geographically) national ngos and igos substate

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43

national

the state

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44

ngos

non governmental organization individual actors that can still impact global politics

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45

examples of ngos

red cross, green peace

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46

igos

intergovernmental organization international state organizations

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47

examples of igos

united nations, nato, european union

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48

substate

within the state

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49

challenges in world politics

individual passion difficulty in overcoming challenges responding to events and questions the world is full of people who think differently from each other unresolved issues

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50

ways to fix challenges in world politics

learning about different ways to solve a problem whether its economically, politically, or technologically remembering other povs cooperation

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51

a solution without compromise...

wont work unless it is involuntarily forced upon the opponent

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52

assumptions based on ones own ideas

can be clouded

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53

a question to think about when discussing world politics

who defines whats good or bad?

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54

stateless nation

like the kurds have to ask if degrees of sovereignty are respected and applied

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55

the israeli-palestine conflict

impacted by religious belief

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56

interests in a global conflict

economic factors can determine whos an ally what stake does a state have does it matter if they choose a stance what are they prioritizing

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57

things that impact how a state becomes an ally

economic factors education/socialization location regional ties like sharing borders history

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58

global politics is replete with...

states of affairs that we object to example: war, child labor, etc

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59

the centrality of the human is firmly lodged where?

the heart of our thought

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60

man is no longer...

central as gods creation because now man uses reason to decide what to do

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61

the idea of changing whats wrong with the world

implies that we humans are doing the changing, therefore, we have control over the world also implies that we know how the world should be to make it better

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62

power

is something that happens in all social relations they can be productive or repressive

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