Chapter 2 Med Terms

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Abdominal Cavity

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54 Terms

1

Abdominal Cavity

Contains major organs of digestion

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2

Adenocarcinoma

Malignant tumor from glands, may spread

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3

Anaplasia

Cell structure and orientation change

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4

Anatomy

Study of body structures

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5

Anomaly

Deviation from normal

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6

Anterior

Situated in the front

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7

Aplasia

Defective organ development

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8

Autopsy

Postmortem examination

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9

Bloodborne Transmission

Pathogen spread through infected blood or fluids

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10

Caudal

Towards lower body part

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11

Cephalic

Towards the head

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12

Chromosome

Genetic structure in cell nucleus

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13

Communicable Disease

Transmitted between individuals

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14

Congenital Disorder

Condition present at birth

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15

Cytoplasm

Material within cell membrane, excluding nucleus

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16

Distal

Farthest from midline

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17

Dorsal

Back of organ or body

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18

Dysplasia

Abnormal cell development

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19

Endemic

Disease presence in a population

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20

Endocrine Glands

Ductless glands producing hormones

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21

Epidemic

Sudden widespread disease outbreak

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22

Epigastric Region

Located above the stomach

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23

Exocrine Glands

Secrete substances into ducts

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24

Functional Disorder

Physical symptoms without organic cause

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25

Genetic Disorder

Pathological condition from defective gene

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26

Geriatrician

Specializes in elderly care

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27

Hemophilia

Hereditary bleeding disorder

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28

Histology

Microscopic study of tissue structure

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29

Homeostasis

Body's internal environment maintenance

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30

Hyperplasia

Increase in cell number

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31

Hypertrophy

Increase in organ size, not cell number

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32

Iatrogenic Illness

Adverse response to medical treatment

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33

Idiopathic Disease

Disease without known cause

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34

Infectious Disease

Illness from pathogenic organisms

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35

Inguinal

Related to the groin area

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36

Medial

Towards the midline

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37

Mesentery

Attaches intestine to abdominal wall

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38

Midsagittal Plane

Divides body into left and right halves

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39

Nosocomial Infection

Disease acquired in healthcare settings

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40

Pandemic

Disease outbreak over large area

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41

Pelvic Cavity

Space between hip bones with reproductive organs

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42

Peritoneum

Membrane holding organs in abdominal cavity

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43

Peritonitis

Inflammation of the peritoneum

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44

Physiology

Study of body functions

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45

Posterior

Situated in the back

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46

Proximal

Nearest to midline or body structure beginning

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47

Retroperitoneal

Located behind the peritoneum

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48

Stem Cells

Unspecialized cells capable of self-renewal

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49

Thoracic Cavity

Cavity protecting heart and lungs

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50

Transverse Plane

Horizontal plane dividing body into upper and lower parts

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51

Umbilicus

Belly button or navel

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52

Vector-Borne Transmission

Disease spread through blood-sucking vectors

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53

Ventral

Front or belly side of organ or body

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54

Atresia

Congenital absence or narrowing of body opening

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