Unfinished Nation - Chapter 18 Key Terms

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Armory Show

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Chapter 18: The Age of the City

17 Terms

1

Armory Show

an event in New York City that displayed works of the French postimpressionists and of some American modern artists; supported by the Ashcan artists

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2

Ashcan school

art movement whose members produced work startling in its naturalism and stark in its portrayal of the social realities of the era

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3

city beautiful movement

led by architect Daniel Burnham, the movement sought to impose order and symmetry on the disordered life of American cities

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4

Coney Island

the famous and popular amusement park located on a Brooklyn beach

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5

consumerism

an increased focus on purchasing goods for personal use; the protection or promotion of consumer interests

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6

Darwinism

the argument that the human species had evolved from earlier forms of life through a process of "natural selection"

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7

Jacob Riis

New York newspaper photographer who wrote How the Other Half Lives, which used photos and words to expose the harshness of tenement life

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8

Kate Chopin

a southern writer who explored the oppressive features of traditional marriage; known for her shocking novel The Awakening

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9

National Consumers League (NCL)

formed in the 1890s under the leadership of Florence Kelley; goal was to force retailers and manufacturers to improve wages and working conditions

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10

Public Health Service

organization created in 1912; goal was to prevent occupational diseases and create common health standards

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11

Tammany Hall

urban machine led by famously corrupt city boss William M. Tweed

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12

tenements

by the late nineteenth century, this was a descriptor used for slum dwellings

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13

Theodore Dreiser

author of Sister Carrie, which focused on the plight of single women

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14

vaudeville

a form of theater adapted from French models; the most popular urban entertainment into the first decades of the twentieth century

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15

William James

Harvard psychologist and most prominent publicist of pragmatism

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16

William M. Tweed

the famously corrupt boss of New York's political machine Tammany Hall

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17

William Randolph Hearst

the most powerful U.S. newspaper chain owner; by 1914, he controlled nine newspapers and two magazines

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