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AP World History: Modern
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Movement of people from rural areas to cities, growth of cities
Money paid by one country to another in return for protection
A government controlled by religious leaders
The unification or blending of opposing people, ideas, or practices, frequently religion.
A structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in a society
Sphere of influence
A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities.
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
inhabiting the same locality throughout life; not migratory or nomadic
Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
a subgroup of a major religious group
based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions
a government, usually an authoritarian goverment
Favoring drastic political, economic, or social reforms.
information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
when someone or a government has lost control of power and no one has replaced them
the outermost part or boundary
A form of social organization in which males dominate females
the domestication of animals
factual, unbiased; not subjective
adhering to the traditional and established, especially in religion
A government ruled by a few powerful people
Changing something from private to state ownership or control
Loyalty and total devotion to a political idea or cause; different than patriotism
open to new behavior or opinions and willing to discard traditional values.
the hereditary right of a monarch to rule
A national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
the basic framework of a building or a system
a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
a system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.
An intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements
A group organized by rank
the crime of holding a belief that goes against established doctrine
leadership or dominance, especially by one country or social group over others.
Wealthy landowning class
a form of a religion, especially Islam or Protestant Christianity, that upholds belief in the strict, literal interpretation of scripture.
A person who appears to rule even though real power rests with someone else; Queen Elizabeth
to infer or estimate by extending or projecting known information
Focusing on emotionally powerful preaching, rather than formal ceremonies, and on the teachings of the Bible.
evaluation of other cultures according to standards in ones own culture
the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition.
a person who organizes and operates a business or businesses
a powerful family or group of rulers that maintains its position or power for some time
an instance of opposition or contrast between two concepts or two aspects of something
the taming of animals for human use, such as work or as food
A dispersion of people from their homeland
having certain characteristics in common, such as age, race, or gender
when the allocation of power and resources shifts to different regions, people, and groups
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
the idea that the characteristics people attribute to such social categories as gender, illness, death, status of women, and status of men is culturally defined
the forceful overthrow of a ruling party
the property of a continuous and connected period of time
Words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning.
holding to traditional attitudes and values and cautious about change or innovation; typically religion or politics.
to force by using pressure, enticement, intimidation, or threats
Concentrated in one place
the relationship between cause and effect
An economic system based on private ownership
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
favoring one point of view
a system of government by one person with absolute power.
to adopt as one's own, to adapt fully
the highest class in a society; generally those holding hereditary titles or offices
prejudice against Jewish people
something out of place in time
concerning farms, farmers, or the use of land
A political system in which a ruler holds total power
a fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers