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The struggle of the colonies in North America to gain their independence from Great Britain.
The American army during the Revolution
A system of government in which the power to govern belongs to the people
A violent attempt to resist or overthrow the government or another authority.
To supply or make available
An overall plan, such as winning a war
A nation that joins another nation in some common effort (fighting a war)
Very important or necessary
The chance that something will happen
Which document was the cause of the Revolutionary War (Intro)?
Declaration of Independence
What were the strengths of the Continental army?
*Experienced leader- George Washington *Aid from French
What were the weaknesses of the Continental army?
*Short of soldiers *Lacked experience *Supply shortage
What did Congress do to help pay for the war (7.1)?
Printed more currency
What were the strengths of the British army?
*Larger army *Experienced
What were the weaknesses of the British army?
*Poor leadership *Unfamiliar terrain
Why were many British people not supportive of the war (7.2)?
High cost for taxpayers
Why did African Americans join the Continental army (7.3)?
Hoped independence would lead to an end of slavery.
What factor led many African Americans to choose to be Loyalists during the war for independence (7.3)?
Slaves of Patriots were offered freedom for joining the British
At what battle did the British stop their attack because General Howe figured Washington would surrender (7.3)?
Brooklyn (New York)
What caused the American defeat in Brooklyn, New York, in August 1776 (7.3)?
Who wrote The Crisis (7.4)?
What was the purpose of The Crisis (7.4)?
To encourage the Continental army
What was the effect of The Crisis (7.4)?
Boosted morale by making them realize that the harder the situation, the more glorious the triumph
What battle was an American victory that occurred after Americans crossed the icy Delaware River on Christmas night and surprised the Hessians (7.4)?
Battle of Trenton
What was the result of the American victories at Trenton & Princeton (7.4)?
It showed that the Americans could defeat the British
What was the basic military strategy of George Washington after 1776 (7.5)?
Fight a defensive war and tire out the British
What was the new British strategy revised by Lord George Germain (7.5)?
Divide the rebels by taking control of the Hudson River Valley, cutting off supply lines
What was the disadvantage for Burgoyne’s plan in Albany, New York (7.5)?
What battle is considered the turning point of the American Revolution (7.5)?
What was the effect of the American victory at the Battle of Saratoga (7.5)?
European countries came to the aid of America
Which nation became an American ally after the victory at Saratoga (7.5)?
Where was winter difficult for the American troops due to low supplies & starvation(7.5)?
What Battle occurred as Washington’s army chased retreating British troops across New Jersey and pushed them back to New York (7.5)?
Battle of Monmouth
Why did the British change their strategy to attack the South, expecting to win more battles there (7.6)?
There were many Loyalists there
Which fighting strategy did the Americans use very effectively during the war (7.6)?
The used ambushes and guerilla warfare in battle
What was the outcome of the Battle of Yorktown (7.6)?
Cornwallis surrendered which ended the war
What were the 3 terms of the Treaty of Paris (7.7)?
-Britain recognizes U.S. as independent country -Britain gives territory from Atlantic Ocean to Mississippi River -U.S. returned all rights and property taken from the Loyalists
How were other parts of the world impacted by the American Revolution (7.7)?
Encouraged other nations to fight for independence
After the Revolutionary War, where did many Loyalists relocate to (7.7)?
Review: -Battle of Yorktown Map (7.6) -Notes from Capture the Flag
Good Luck! :)