American Experience Test One (Week One)

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122 Terms

1

Jonathan Edwards

Which famous minister preached and published the famous sermon titled “Sinners in the Hands of the Angry God”?

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2

Prince Henry the Navigator

What Portuguese prince invested heavily in Portuguese exploration and naval technology.

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3

George Whitefield

Which famous preacher attracted huge crowds and was responsible for numerous conversions during his tour of the colonies in 1740?

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4

Jonathan Edwards

Which minister advertised the Northampton revivals in a pamphlet titled “A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of God in the Conversion of Many Hundred Souls in Northampton

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5

Headlight Policy

What policy promised 50 acres for anyone paying the passage of an English immigrant to Virginia?

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6

Walter Raleigh

Which English adventurer attempted to establish an English colony at Roanoke?

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7

New Netherlands

What Dutch colony was captured by the English in 1664?

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8

Hernan Cortez

Which Spanish conquistador was responsible for the conquest of the Aztec Empire?

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9

Glorious Revolution

Colonists believed their participation in a 1688 revolution marked the rejection of absolutism and confirmed the centrality of Protestantism and liberty in English life. What is the name given to this revolution?

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10

Navigation Acts

What is the term used to describe the laws passed in the 1650s regulating colonial trade?

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11

Cahokia

What was the largest Mississippian Settlement

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12

10,000-30,000

What was the peak population of Cahokia?

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13

No

Did Cahokia make slavery a permanent condition?

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14

1050

In what year did Cahokia experience their 500% population increase?

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15

Cahokia

Increased population, deforestation, erosion, and extended drought led to the end of what settlement?

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16

Aztecs

What was the dominant empire in Central America?

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17

Aztecs

What empire was said to be full of “many rare and beautiful objects”?

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18

Incas

What was the large created empire in west South America?

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19

No

Did the Incas and Aztecs get along?

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20

Bartolome Diaz

Who opened the sea route via The Atlantic and Indian Oceans?

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21

Bartolome Diaz

Who rounded the Cape of Good Hope?

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22

1488

What year was the Cape of Good Hope rounded

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23

Vaso De Gama

Who was the first European explorer to reach India by sea?

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24

1498

What year did Vasco De Gama reach India?

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25

Vasco De Gama

Who opened a major trade route to India?

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26

Christopher Columbus

Who was the Spanish Explorer who discovered the Caribbean Islands?

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27

1492

What year did Christopher Columbus discover the Caribbean Islands?

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28

Christopher Columbus

Who built their exploration knowledge on previous expeditions?

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29

Three

How many ships did Christopher Columbus initially set sail with?

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30

17

How many ships did Christopher Columbus set sail with the second time?

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31

over 1000

How many men did Christopher Columbus set sail with the second time?

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32

Amerigo Vespucci

Who realized that the land he were exploring was not a separate continent and not part of Asia?

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33

Amerigo Vespucci

Who are North and South America are named after?

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34

John Cabot

Who sailed and found Newfoundland and Canada?

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35

1497

What year did John Cabot discover Canada?

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36

John Cabot

Who is credited with claiming North America for England?

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37

John Cabot

Whose exploration is credited with “kickstarting” English exploration?

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38

Hernan Cortez

Who claimed Mexico on behalf of Spain?

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39

1519

What year was the Aztec Empire conquered?

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40

Montezuma

Who attempted to buy Mexico from Hernan Cortez?

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41

Tenochtitlan

What was the ancient capital of the Aztec Empire?

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42

Tenochtitlan

What capital was destroyed by Hernan Cortez?

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43

Francisco Pizarro

Who conquered the Incan Empire?

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44

Incan Empire

The downfall of what empire paved the way for the colonization of Peru by Spain?

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45

Columbian Exchange

What is the name given to the process by which commodities, people, and diseases crossed the Atlantic?

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46

Samuel De Champlain

Who was the French explorer who founded Quebec?

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47

1608

What year was Quebec founded?

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48

by 1630s

What year was New Netherland established?

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49

Fur

What was a major commodity for France?

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50

New Netherlands

Where did most of the Fur from France come from?

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51

New Netherland

What colony was anchored by Albany and New Amsterdam?

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52

New Amsterdam

What was the name of a successful Dutch colony?

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53

Manhattan

What is the name of New Amsterdam now?

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54

Yes

Did English and Dutch settlers live peacefully together?

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55

Plymouth Colony

What colony was founded in 1620?

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56

Separatists

Who founded Plymouth Colony?

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57

Plymouth Colony

What colony agreed to establish a colony loyal to the King?

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58

Yes

Did Plymouth Colony have distinct religious practices?

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59

Pilgrims

What is the name for the separatists who sailed from England to Plymouth Colony?

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60

Massachusetts Bay Colony

What colony was found by puritans?

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61

The King

Massachusetts bay colony was given to puritans from who?

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62

North, South

Families moved to the ____, mostly single men moved to the ____.

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63

South

Colonies established in the ___were part of the Church.

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64

John Winthrop

Who was the first governor of Massachusetts Bay?

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65

John Winthrop

Who was the chief figure among the Puritan founders?

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66

John Winthrop

Who is responsible for immediate and lasting success of Massachusetts?

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67

Roger Williams

Who came to the colonies as a puritan minister and challenged the church’s laws and practices?

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68

Roger Williams

Who moved towards being a separatist while being in the colonies?

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69

Roger Williams

Who established ideas among the colonies that set him apart from others?

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70

Roger Williams

Who helped establish Rhode Island

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71

1636

What year was Rhode Island established by religious radicals?

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72

Roger Williams

Who established providence after his exile from Massachusetts Bay?

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73

True

Religious and political freedom was established in Rhode Island? (True/False)

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74

William Penn

Who was the Quaker given land by the king?

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75

Holiness

Pennsylvania was established to be an example of _____?

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76

William Penn

Who protested slavery among the quakers?

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77

Pennsylvania

Colony that was established by Quakers, had no slave labor and a diverse population.

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78

Philedelphia

What city in the North was a major city for trade?

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79

SIr Walter Raleigh

Who established Roanoke?

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80

Tobacco and Potatoes

Walter Raleigh is best know for the introduction of ____ and ____

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81

Roanoke

The lost colony

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82

True

The location of Roanoke was strategic? (True/False)

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83

The war in England

What caused Roanoke to go without supplies for three years?

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84

Joint-Stock Company

What consisted of investors who pooled resources to fund an enterprise and share profits and losses?

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85

Joint-Stock Company

What allowed England to become a major player in colonization in the New World?

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86

1607

What year did ships sail to Jamestown?

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87

Virginia

By the establishment of the colony of ____ things were better financially in England.

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88

False

England in Spain were not at peace by the establishment of Virginia? (True/False)

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89

Jamestown

What colony experienced immediate failure?

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90

Starving time

The time of supplies and food diminishing quickly in Jamestown is known as what?

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91

1609-1610

What was the time span of “starving time”?

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92

65

The population in Jamestown went from 400-____ in Jamestown.

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93

Tobacco

The introduction of _____ saved Jamestown

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94

Virginia

Most settlers of Virginia were _____ Company Employees.

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95

House of Burgesses

An assembly of elected representatives from Virginia.

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96

1643-1776

When was the lifespan of the House of Burgesses?

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97

House of Burgesses

Representative assembly that was the first of its kind in North America and attracted a large number of settlements?

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98

Maryland

What colony was established to be a safe haven for Catholics?

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99

1632

What year was Maryland established?

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100

Indentured Servants

What was the name for people who signed contracts to work for a certain amount of time in return for for something later on?

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