Exam 1 Review

studied byStudied by 49 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

True/False: SLP and Audiology graduate degree are both a clinical masters degree

1 / 69

Tags and Description

Biology

70 Terms

1

True/False: SLP and Audiology graduate degree are both a clinical masters degree

False

New cards
2

What is the type of therapy service that helps someone re-gain a skill that was lost due to illness, injury, etc. called?

Rehabilitation

New cards
3

In the fields of speech-language pathology and audiology rely on __________ to ensure proper diagnosis and clinical management of their patients.

Evidence Based Practice

New cards
4

True/False: there is a most correct English dialect

False

New cards
5

List 3 reasons why standardized tests are not equally valid for all individuals.

Minority individuals Linguistic bias Lack of languages offered Content is biased Lack of familiarity with test taking

New cards
6

How many morphemes does the word unfaithfully have?

4 (un/faith/ful/ly)

New cards
7

Content is the ________ of language.

meaning

New cards
8

What is it called when speakers are exposed to multiple dialects and use each dialect in different languages?

Code switching

New cards
9

What is the role of the nervous system?

Controls purposeful function Sends and receives signals The bodies command center Originates from the brain

New cards
10

Function of frontal lobes?

Contains motor strip, plays large role in motor movement

New cards
11

Function of parietal lobes?

Responsible for processing sensory information

New cards
12

Function of temporal lobes?

right: processes environmental stimuli left: contains auditory cortex

New cards
13

Function of occipital lobes?

Primary visual cortex

New cards
14

True/False: Humans breathe the same when they speak as when they are not speaking

False

New cards
15

What acts as a supporting structure in the larynx and doesn't produce sound?

False vocal cords/ventricular folds

New cards
16

Parkinson's disease is an example if a disruption of ______________ physiology.

Basal ganglia

New cards
17

What is the lowest resonant frequency produced by an oscillating object?

Fundamental frequency

New cards
18

Which top-down functions does the brain use to interpret sound?

Experience Memory Nonverbal cues

New cards
19

How many phonemes does sing have?

3

New cards
20

What is the function of the middle ear?

To convert acoustic to mechanical energy

New cards
21

Boomy is a ___________ term that describes the quality of sound.

Subjective

New cards
22

True/False: Language is dynamic.

True

New cards
23

What is an example of habilitation therapy?

Infant getting cochlear implant's and learning how to communicate

New cards
24

What is a filter for speech?

Oral cavity

New cards
25

What are the 3 components of language?

Form Content Use

New cards
26

What are the 5 domains of language?

Phonology Morphology Syntax Semantics Pragmatics

New cards
27

Why are professional organizations important?

Provide: A standard for care Certification Education opportunities Networking opportunities Advocacy

New cards
28

What are the 2 professional organizations?

ASHA or AAA

New cards
29

What structure produces sound for speech?

Larynx

New cards
30

What part of the ear is the pinna?

Outer ear

New cards
31

In what part of the ear are the ossicles located in?

Middle ear

New cards
32

True/False: the oral cavity produces the sound for speech.

False

New cards
33

What does IPA stand for?

International Phonetic Alphabet

New cards
34

Scratchy is a ________ term that describes sound?

Subjective

New cards
35

What are some differences between SLP and AuD graduate program?

Future job SLP- masters, AuD- doctorate

New cards
36

Name someone that an SLP and AuD would work with.

Physician Teacher PT OT

New cards
37

What is the free morpheme in the word pregaming?

Game

New cards
38

What is an allophone?

Variations in the pronunciation of a phoneme

New cards
39

What can't an SLPA do?

Diagnose, work unsupervised

New cards
40

What is the type a therapy used to gain a skill?

Habilitation

New cards
41

What is a type of therapy used to regain a skill?

Rehabilitation

New cards
42

How to tell a difference from a disorder?

Standardized tests Observing behavior Patient history

New cards
43

What is speech breathing?

Inhalation occur more quickly than exhalations- used for talking

New cards
44

What is the study of a sound system of a language?

Phonology

New cards
45

What is the function of the false vocal folds?

Supports larynx

New cards
46

What does a bilabial sound mean?

Use both lips to make sound

New cards
47

Where does the air pass through to get to the lungs?

Trachea/larynx

New cards
48

What is responsible for balance?

Vestibular system

New cards
49

What is the difference between efferent and afferent neurons?

Efferent carries motor information Afferent carries sensory information

New cards
50

What is cognitive communication?

Memory and brain use

New cards
51

What are the 2 primary purposes of the phonatory system?

Protection (from aspirating food) Production of sound

New cards
52

What determines the frequency of someone's voice?

Length of vocal cords

New cards
53

What part of the ear collects sound?

Pinna

New cards
54

What is the function of the epiglottis?

Protect airway (trachea/larynx)

New cards
55

What structure runs directly behind the trachea?

Esophagus

New cards
56

What is the difference in speech and language?

Speech is the actual sound created Language is how we communicate

New cards
57

What structure is innervated by the hypoglossal CN?

Tongue

New cards
58

What is the difference between a physical quantity and a subjective quantity?

physical- a quantity of sound that can be measured subjective- a quantity of perspective and opinion

New cards
59

What is a Diphthong?

The blending of two vowel sounds

New cards
60

What is a harmonic?

A whole number integral of a fundamental frequency

New cards
61

Name the sound made when the top of the tongue hits the front of the roof of the mouth.

Alveolar

New cards
62

Why is speech perception important?

For development and production of language

New cards
63

What are the 3 smallest bones in the body?

Ossicles

New cards
64

What are the 3 ossicles?

Incus, malleus and stapes

New cards
65

What structure is responsible for making the "n", "m", and "ng" sounds?

The nasal cavity

New cards
66

What part of the brain works with the frontal lobes to control motor activity?

Cerebellum

New cards
67

What is the scientific name for ear wax?

Cerumen

New cards
68

True/False: an audiology assistant can diagnose hearing loss.

False

New cards
69

What describes many versions of the same language

Dialect

New cards
70

What is a professional organization?

A governing body that serves to standardize, unify, monitor quality, promote research, further education, along with updating skills of practice

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(4)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2916 people
Updated ... ago
4.7 Stars(10)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 412 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(6)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard34 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard54 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard89 terms
studied byStudied by 33 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard32 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard43 terms
studied byStudied by 52 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard71 terms
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard72 terms
studied byStudied by 50 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)