Structure of the Church (ch. 4)

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30 Terms

1

bishops

One who has received the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy Orders and is a successor to the Apostles; takes care of a particular geographical area; is a sign of unity in his diocese and a member of the College of Bishops; refers to role granted after receiving the third degree of ordination

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2

diocese

a particular geographical area of the Church overseen by a bishop

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3

discipleship

ordering one's life by listening to and following a teacher

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4

Holy Spirit

Third person of the Trinity whose actions help the human aspects of the Church put us in touch with its divine component

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5

ecumenism

to enter into conversation with other Christian communities aimed at restoring unity; the work of Catholics and other Christians aimed at restoring unity among Christians

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6

Pope

Bishop of Rome and the successor of Peter; pastor of the whole world who is entrusted with the job of care of the souls of all the members of the Church

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7

Peter

first bishop of Rome

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8

Great Commisison

when Jesus tells the Apostles to go and make all people his disciples

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9

laity

name for all non-ordained faithful

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10

priestly role of laity

to worship God by the way we live (actions and prayer)

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11

prophetic role of laity

to announce the Good News of Jesus Christ through our words and actions

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12

kingly role of the laity

to be a servant king like Jesus through caring and serving others, especially those in need

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13

poverty, chastity and obedience

evangelical counsels

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14

evangelical counsel

public vows or promises of poverty, chastity and obedience

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15

vow of chastity

a promise to remain unmarried and celibate; keeps them free to dedicate all their efforts to bringing Christ to the world

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16

vow of poverty

a promise to live simply; means to own nothing of their own

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17

vow of obedience

to listen attentively to God's will; obeying the Laws of God and the Church; following the rules of their religious order or community

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18

consecrated religious

men and women who dedicate their lives to Jesus by living a religious vocation in the Church

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19

stigmata

marks resembling the wounds on the crucified body of Christ

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20

St. Catherine of Siena

Convinces the Pope to move back to Rome; first layperson named a Doctor of the Church

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21

Doctor of the Church

A title officially bestowed by the Church on those saints who are highly esteemed for their theological writings, as well as their personal holiness.

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22

Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non-Christian Religions

Vatican Council II document that the Church deeply respects other religions and emphasizes that we can know the fullness of God's Revelation only through the Catholic Church

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23

degrees of ordination

diaconate (deacon); presbyterate (priest) and episcopate (bishop)

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24

St. Stephen

one of the first seven deacons; died for his faith; is the first Christian martyr

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25

deacon

called to serve as Jesus did; special role of service to the poor; refers to role granted after receiving the first degree of ordination

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26

transitional deacon

hose who are ordained a deacon in preparation for becoming a priest; refers to role granted after receiving the first degree of ordination

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27

permanent deacon

Those who are ordained to serve permanently as a deacon. A deacon may be married but can not remarry should his wife die.

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28

Priest, Prophet, King

As members of the Body of Christ, we join in his three-fold mission as:

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29

priest

an ordained minister of the Catholic, Orthodox, or Anglican Church having the authority to perform certain rites and administer certain sacraments; refers to role granted after receiving the second degree of ordination

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30

chi rho

symbol for Christ; comes from the first two letters of Christ in Greek

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