Earth Science: Energy Resources

studied byStudied by 51 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Fossil Fuels

1 / 27

Tags & Description

Studying Progress

0%
New cards
28
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
28 Terms
1
New cards

Fossil Fuels

  • fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas that form from the remains of plants and other organisms that were buried and altered over the years

New cards
2
New cards

Coal

  • combustable black or brownish-black SEDIMENTARY ROCK usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds/coal seams

New cards
3
New cards

Coalification • Diagnenesis

  • the formation of coal from plant material by the process of diagenesis & metamorphosis • sedimentation of organic material

New cards
4
New cards

? Swamp

  1. Peat a. heat & pressure

  2. lignite coal

  3. bituminous coal b. metamorphism

  4. anthracite

<p>• Formation of Coal</p>

• Formation of Coal

<p>• Formation of Coal</p>
New cards
5
New cards

Anthracite

• classification of coal depending on the amount of carbon

  • 86% to 98% pure carbon and 8% to 3% volatile matter

New cards
6
New cards

Bituminous coal

• classification of coal depending on the amount of carbon

  • contains 70% to 86% carbon and 46% to 31% volatile matter

New cards
7
New cards

Sub-bituminous coal

• classification of coal depending on the amount of carbon

  • 70 to 76% carbon and 53 to 42% volatile matter

New cards
8
New cards

Lignite coal

• classification of coal depending on the amount of carbon

  • 65% to 70% carbon and 63% to 53% volatile matter

New cards
9
New cards

Peat

• classification of coal depending on the amount of carbon

  • consists of partially decomposed vegetation

  • has carbon content of less than 60% and is composed entirely of volatile matter

New cards
10
New cards

Oil

<ul><li><p>an organic material, mostly algae, which was buried in mud at the bottom of the sea and lakes</p></li><li><p>subjected to intense heat and pressure in a low oxygen environment</p></li><li><p>extracted through a horsehead pump</p></li></ul>
  • an organic material, mostly algae, which was buried in mud at the bottom of the sea and lakes

  • subjected to intense heat and pressure in a low oxygen environment

  • extracted through a horsehead pump

<ul><li><p>an organic material, mostly algae, which was buried in mud at the bottom of the sea and lakes</p></li><li><p>subjected to intense heat and pressure in a low oxygen environment</p></li><li><p>extracted through a horsehead pump</p></li></ul>
New cards
11
New cards

Natural Gas

<ul><li><p>a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas with the mixture of methane</p></li><li><p>odorless and colorless in its natural state</p></li><li><p>subjected to intense heat and pressure in a low oxygen environment</p></li><li><p>extracted through a horsehead pump</p></li></ul>
  • a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas with the mixture of methane

  • odorless and colorless in its natural state

  • subjected to intense heat and pressure in a low oxygen environment

  • extracted through a horsehead pump

<ul><li><p>a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas with the mixture of methane</p></li><li><p>odorless and colorless in its natural state</p></li><li><p>subjected to intense heat and pressure in a low oxygen environment</p></li><li><p>extracted through a horsehead pump</p></li></ul>
New cards
12
New cards

A. Anticline B. Normal Fault E. Sandstone pinchout F. Unconformity

<p>• Identify the Areas of Traps</p>

• Identify the Areas of Traps

<p>• Identify the Areas of Traps</p>
New cards
13
New cards

C. Thrust Fault D. Sandstone lenses G. Reef(a small “patch” reef) H. Salt Dome

<p>• Identify the Areas of Traps</p>

• Identify the Areas of Traps

<p>• Identify the Areas of Traps</p>
New cards
14
New cards

Solar, Wind, Hydroelectric, Biomass & Geothermal

• Renewable energy resources

New cards
15
New cards

Geothermal

  • the heat from the Earth

  • resources range from the shallow ground to hot water and ho9t rock found a few miles beneath the Earths surface and down deeper to the extremely high temperature of molten rock called magma

New cards
16
New cards

? Geothermal Water • Low Temperature • Medium Temperature • High Temperature

• Geothermal energy involves heated water used in generating electricity Type of Geothermal Energy

  • from 20 to 90 degrees Celsius

  • from 90 to 160 degrees Celsius

  • 160 degrees Celsius and above; found near volcanoes

New cards
17
New cards

Dry Steam Power Plant

<p>• types of geothermal power plant</p><ul><li><p>hot steam from underground is piped directly into turbines, which powers the generator</p></li></ul>

• types of geothermal power plant

  • hot steam from underground is piped directly into turbines, which powers the generator

<p>• types of geothermal power plant</p><ul><li><p>hot steam from underground is piped directly into turbines, which powers the generator</p></li></ul>
New cards
18
New cards

Flash Steam Power Plant

• types of geothermal power plant

  • hot water from underground is pumped into a cooler temperature flash tank

  • the sudden change in temperature creates steam which powers the generator

New cards
19
New cards

Binary Cycle Power Plant

<p>• types of geothermal power plant</p><ul><li><p>hot water from underground is pumped through a heat exchangers which heats a second liquid that transforms into steam</p></li></ul>

• types of geothermal power plant

  • hot water from underground is pumped through a heat exchangers which heats a second liquid that transforms into steam

<p>• types of geothermal power plant</p><ul><li><p>hot water from underground is pumped through a heat exchangers which heats a second liquid that transforms into steam</p></li></ul>
New cards
20
New cards

Open Loop System

<p>• kind of geothermal heat pump</p><ul><li><p>water is taken directly from a source and into the heat pump</p></li><li><p>it is then recycled back out into the same source</p></li></ul>

• kind of geothermal heat pump

  • water is taken directly from a source and into the heat pump

  • it is then recycled back out into the same source

<p>• kind of geothermal heat pump</p><ul><li><p>water is taken directly from a source and into the heat pump</p></li><li><p>it is then recycled back out into the same source</p></li></ul>
New cards
21
New cards

Closed Loop System a. Horizontal b. Vertical c. Pond/Lake

<p>• kind of geothermal heat pump</p><ul><li><p>underground pipers circulate liquid that is heated or cooled by the earth</p></li><li><p>the liquid is then transferred via an exchanger to heat or cool the structure</p></li></ul>

• kind of geothermal heat pump

  • underground pipers circulate liquid that is heated or cooled by the earth

  • the liquid is then transferred via an exchanger to heat or cool the structure

<p>• kind of geothermal heat pump</p><ul><li><p>underground pipers circulate liquid that is heated or cooled by the earth</p></li><li><p>the liquid is then transferred via an exchanger to heat or cool the structure</p></li></ul>
New cards
22
New cards

Dam

• main components of hydroelectric power plant

  • creates a large waterfall and stores enough water to always supply the plant.

  • helps regulate flooding

New cards
23
New cards

Penstock

• main components of hydroelectric power plant

  • channels water from its natural environment(river or lake) to supply the dam reservoir

  • may be an open channel, tunnel or pipeline

New cards
24
New cards

Powerhouse

• main components of hydroelectric power plant

  • houses the turbines driven by the waterfall and the generator driven by the turbines

New cards
25
New cards

Diversion(Run-to-Run)

<p>• type of hydropower power plant</p><ul><li><p>channels portion of river through penstock; generates power to meet daily need</p></li></ul>

• type of hydropower power plant

  • channels portion of river through penstock; generates power to meet daily need

<p>• type of hydropower power plant</p><ul><li><p>channels portion of river through penstock; generates power to meet daily need</p></li></ul>
New cards
26
New cards

Impoundment

<p>• type of hydropower power plant</p><ul><li><p>common type which streams reservoir from dam to penstock; used to meet changing demand in electricity</p></li></ul>

• type of hydropower power plant

  • common type which streams reservoir from dam to penstock; used to meet changing demand in electricity

<p>• type of hydropower power plant</p><ul><li><p>common type which streams reservoir from dam to penstock; used to meet changing demand in electricity</p></li></ul>
New cards
27
New cards

Pumped Storage

<p>• type of hydropower power plant</p><ul><li><p>has 2 reservoirs of different elevation where it pumps up water from lower to higher reservoir when demand is low using other renewable energy, and releases water from higher to lower reservoir when there’s a peak in electricity demand</p></li></ul>

• type of hydropower power plant

  • has 2 reservoirs of different elevation where it pumps up water from lower to higher reservoir when demand is low using other renewable energy, and releases water from higher to lower reservoir when there’s a peak in electricity demand

<p>• type of hydropower power plant</p><ul><li><p>has 2 reservoirs of different elevation where it pumps up water from lower to higher reservoir when demand is low using other renewable energy, and releases water from higher to lower reservoir when there’s a peak in electricity demand</p></li></ul>
New cards
28
New cards

They have Fast flowing rivers and are mountainous

• why are some countries the biggest hydropower producers

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 154 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 31 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 56 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 922 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(8)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard120 terms
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard123 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard179 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard769 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard70 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard89 terms
studied byStudied by 142 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard545 terms
studied byStudied by 14942 people
Updated ... ago
4.2 Stars(399)