Conquest, Colonization, and Genocide

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Imperialism

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29 Terms

1

Imperialism

the belief in empire building (becoming an imperial power) -----westward expansion

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2

When did Columbus arrive to the Americas?

Oct. 12, 1492. They arrived to what is now the Caribbean in The Bahamas and they named it "San Salvador"

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3

Subjugate

Overpower

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4

How many voyages does Columbus make?

4 Voyages: 1st one: Mainly exploring 2nd one: 17 ships, and more than 200 men to find and take as much gold as possible 3rd one: same as second one 4th one: exploiting, capturing and massacring the Natives

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5

Encomiendas

New system where Natives were worked to death

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6

Who wrote journal entries about the experiences of the Tainos?

Bartolome De Las Casas

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7

When did Columbus arrive to America?

October 12, 1492

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8

When was the second voyage financed?

1493

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9

When did Columbus and his men go on a slave raid?

1495

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10

When did Hernan Cortes arrive to Mexico?

1519

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11

When was Jamestown established?

1607

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12

Where was Jamestown established?

Virginia

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13

When was the starvation era?

In the winter 1609-1610

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14

What was the crop most produced in Jamestown?

Tobacco

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15

When was the pilgrim-colony established?

1620

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16

when did the English meet with King Phillip?

In 1675, Metacomet started the rebellion against the English

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17

When were slaves first brought to the American Colonies?

1619

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18

Who brought the first group of slaves?

the Dutch

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19

When was tobacco sent to England?

1618

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20

Why was it easier to enslave West Africans?

-Workforce

  • Couldn't enslave Native Americans

  • Convenience

  • Helpless

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21

Indentured Servants

a person bound by law to work for somebody for a certain period of time

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22

Characteristics of slavery

  • Held for life

  • Hereditary

  • Race

  • Treated as property

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23

Anthony Johnson

Former slave, but he got to own land and be respected by his community

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24

What did black and white people have in common?

both abused and exploited at the hands of their masters

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25

Why was racism created?

Fear of disruption of the hierarchy

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26

Bacon's Rebellion

1676, rebellion that united whites and blacks that almost succeeded in overthrowing the English regiment.

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27

what was one strategy the government used to prevent rebellions?

treat whites better than black people to segregate and create ideas that would prevent them from getting along.

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28

contempt

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

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29

superiority

a complex that influences thoughts of feeling about other people

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