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Senate

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31 Terms

1

Senate

Retired magistrates and patricians advised the consuls and made laws.

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2

The twelve tables

A set of laws inscribed on 12 bronze tablets

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3

Consul

two people who governed the city that were only elected for one year that had veto power

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4

Veto

a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.

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5

Magistrates

judges, looked after the money of Rome. Used the twelve tables

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6

Republic

a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, has a elected/nominated president

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7

Tribunes

protected the plebeians and patricians against unfair treatment

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8

Carthage

powerful city state in North Africa, soon rivals Rome

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9

1st Punic war

The first naval battle against Carthage and Rome caused by the argument of who could control Corisa.

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10

2nd Punic war

Carthage General Hannibal’s “surprise” attack to Rome

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11

3rd Punic war

Rome seizes Carthage conquered people sold to slavery

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12

Hannibal

War general famous for leading Carthage in the 2nd Punic War

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13

Scipio

Roman general that invaded Africa.

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14

Battle of Cannae

Rome loses 75,000 men.

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15

Battle of Zama

End of the 2nd punic war.

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16

Polytheism

Belief in many gods

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17

Polis

a city state in ancient greece

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18

Oligarchy

a small group holding power in a state

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19

Monarchy

A King or Queen holding power in a state.

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20

Democracy

A way of governing that depends on the will of the people.

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21

Athens

Capital of greece.

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22

Sparta

A prominent city state in ancient greece

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23

Peninsula

A piece of land covered with water on 3 sides.

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24

Romulus

A man who founded ancient Rome.

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25

Spartacus

A Gladiator who led the slave revolt.

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26

Gladiator

Slave that is forced to fight animals and other men.

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27

Latin

The language of ancient rome and its empire.

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28

Plebs

A member of the lower class belonging to ancient Rome.

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29

Patricians

A member of the Higher Class who owned a lot land.

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30

Aqueduct

A pipe or passage used for carrying water from a distance.

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31

Etruscans

People who belonged to the Etruscan civilization.

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