ap gov the constitution vocab

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anti- federalists

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1

anti- federalists

opponents of the constitution during its debate

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2

bill of rights

the first ten amendments of the constitution; a statement of fundamental rights and privileges

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3

checks and balances

system of divided spheres of authority provided by the constitution as a mean of controlling powers of gov't

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4

confederation

an alliance of groups or people allowing each member to govern itself but agreeing to work together for common causes

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5

constitution

the document of the fundamental law that defines how a gov't will legitimately operate

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6

enumerated powers

the seventeen powers granted to the national gov't in the US constitution

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7

federal system

a system of gov't in which the same territory is controlled by two powers of gov't

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8

federalists

supporters of the constitution during its debate

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9

full faith and credit clause

in the US constitution; states must give full credit to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of other states

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10

great compromise

agreement from the constitutional convention to create a 2-chamber congress w/the house by population and the senate equally by state

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11

implied powers

the authority of the federal gov't to take action not expressed in the constitution but that supports authorized actions

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12

necessary and proper clause

the authority of the federal gov't to make all laws "necessary and proper" for the implementing of its enumerated powers

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13

new jersey plan

proposal to create a weak national gov't

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14

separation of powers

sharing of constitutional authority by multiple branches of gov't

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15

shay's rebellion

a 1787 rebellion in which ex-revolutionary war soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes

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16

social contract

an unofficial agreement shared by everyone in a society in which they give up some freedoms for security

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17

social contract theory

people live together in society in accordance w/an agreement that establishes moral and political rules of behavior

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18

supremacy clause

federal constitution and law generally take importance over state laws and state constitutions

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19

three- fifths compromise

every enslaved american would be counted as 3/5's of a person for taxation and representation purposes

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20

virginia plan

proposal to create a strong national gov't

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21

plato

"The Republic"

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22

thomas hobbes

"Leviathan"

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23

john locke

"Two Treatises of Civil Government"

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24

charles de montesquieu

"On the Spirit of Laws"

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25

jean-jacques rousseau

"Social Contract"

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