[PT11] Terminologies

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anatomical position

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Health

75 Terms

1

anatomical position

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2

fundamental position

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3

anterior

front surface of the body or structure

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4

posterior

back surface of the body or structure

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5

superficial

near the surface

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6

deep

further from the surface

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7

internal

nearer the inside

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8

external

nearer the outside

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9

lateral

away from the mid-line

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10

medial

towards the mid-line

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11

superior

situated above or towards the upper part

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12

inferior

situated below or towards the lower part

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13

proximal

nearest to the point of reference

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14

distal

furthest away from the point of reference

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15

prone

lying face down in a horizontal position

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16

supine

lying face up in a horizontal position

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17

sagittal plane

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18

frontal/coronal plane

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19

transverse plane

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20
  • head and neck

  • trunk

  • upper limbs

  • lower limbs

the anatomical regions of the body

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21

cephalic

anatomical term for head

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22

cervical

anatomical term for neck

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23

cranial

anatomical term for skull

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24

frontal

anatomical term for forehead

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25

occipital

anatomical term for back of the head

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26

ophthalmic

anatomical term for eyes

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27

oral

anatomical term for mouth

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28

nasal

anatomical term for nose

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29

axillary

anatomical term for armpit

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30

costal

anatomical term for ribs

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31

mammary

anatomical term for breast

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32

pectoral

anatomical term for chest

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33

vertebral

anatomical term for backbone

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34

abdominal

anatomical term for abdomen

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35

gluteal

anatomical term for buttocks

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36

inguinal

anatomical term for groin

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37

lumbar

anatomical term for lower back

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38

pelvic

anatomical term for pelvis/lower part of abdomen

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39

umbilical

anatomical term for navel

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40

perineal

anatomical term for area between anus external genitalia

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41

pubic

anatomical term for pubis

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42

brachial

anatomical term for upper arm

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43

carpal

anatomical term for wrist

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44

cubital

anatomical term for elbow

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45

forearm

anatomical term for lower arm

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46

palmar

anatomical term for palm

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47

digital

anatomical term for fingers/toes

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48

femoral

anatomical term for thigh

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49

patellar

anatomical term for front of knee

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50

pedal

anatomical term for foot

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51

plantar

anatomical term for sole of foot

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52

popliteal

anatomical term for hollow behind knee

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53

osteokinematics

deals with the relationship of the movement of bones around a joint axis (e.g., humerus moving on scapula)

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54

arthrokinematics

deals with the relationship of joint surface movement (e.g. humeral head’s movement within glenoid fossa of scapula)

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55

flexion

is the bending movement of one bone on another, causing a decrease in the joint angle

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56

hyperextension

the continuation of extension beyond the anatomical position

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57

palmar flexion

flexion at the wrist

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58

plantar flexion

flexion at the ankle

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59

dorsiflexion

extension of wrist or ankle joints

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60

abduction

movement away from the midline of the body

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61

adduction

movement toward the midline

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62

horizontal abduction

the shoulder joint is flexed to 90 degrees and then abducted

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63

horizontal adduction

the shoulder is adducted from this 90-degree position

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64

radial deviation

the hand moves laterally, or toward the thumb side

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65

ulnar deviation

the hand moves medially from the anatomical position toward the little finger side at the wrist

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66

inversion

moving the sole of the foot inward at the ankle

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67

eversion

moving the sole of the foot outward at the ankle

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68

supination

rotation of the forearm so that it faces the palm of the hand forward, or anteriorly

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69

pronation

rotation of the forearm wherein the palm is facing backward, or posteriorly

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70

rotation

movement of a bone or part around its longitudinal axis

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71

medial rotation/internal rotation

type of rotation wherein the anterior surface moves inward toward the midline

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72

lateral rotation/external rotation

type of rotation wherein the anterior surface moves outward away from the midline

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73

circumduction

motion that describes a circular cone-shaped pattern

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74

(1) flexion (2) aBduction (3) extension (4) aDduction

the four joint motions of circumduction

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75

lateral bending/lateral flexion

when the trunk moves sideways/sideward motion

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