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a giant molecule (containing multiple elements) that contains a large number of covalently-connected atoms
amino acids carbohydrates lipids nucleic acids
four types of macromolecules (alphabetical order)
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical building blocks... LINKED BY COVALENT BONDS, also made up by smaller units called monomers
condensation reaction means c_________, create _______ molecule
hydrolysis is s_________, bonds are broken
monosaccharides disaccharides polysaccharides
three types of carbohydrates (in the order they're on the packet)
glucose galactose ribose fructose
name the monosaccharides
sucrose maltose lactose
name the disaccharides
glucose + glucose =
glucose + galactose =
glucose + fructose =
when joining carbohydrates there will always be _ (number) ____ (more/less) than the number you started with
cellulose chitin starch glycogen
name the polysaccharides
fats phospholipids steriods
name the types of lipids
what kind of bond for fats
double unsaturated solidification room
the _______ bond in ___________ fat prevents ________ at ________ temp
phospholipid bilayer/plasma membrane
phospholipids are a major component in...
how many fused ring in a steroid?
carbon hydrogen oxygen
carbohydrates made up of...
lipids made up of...
phosphorus oxygen nitrogen carbon hydrogen
nucleic acids made up of...
carbon hydrogen oxygen nitrogen sulfer
proteins made up of... and SSSSSSometimes...
function of carbohydrates... f______ energy for your body, __________ blood sugar
function of carbohydrates, ______ to _______ recognition
function of carbohydrates, cell s_________
break fatty acids
function of carbohydrates, ________ down ________ _______
function of lipids, ________ term _______ storage
function of lipids, p________ of _________
function of lipids, part of the p______ ___________
function of nucleic acids, ______ AND _________ genetic info
function of proteins (which are made up by amino acids), _________ increase the rate of chemical reactions by lowering _________ energy
function of proteins, ___________ transports oxygen
function of proteins, fight off _______ with antibodies
function of proteins, create some __________
what are the purines
cytosine uracil thymine
what are the pyrimidines
how many bonds between a and t
how many bonds between c and g
A G T T C G A C
sense strand of dna to antisense... T C A A G C T G
U C A A G C U C
sense strand of dna to rna... T C A A G C T C
U C A A G C U G
antisense strand of dna to rna... A G T T C G A C
what kind of bond for proteins
what kind of bond for nucleotides
what is the one trait that all lipids have in common? they are __________
What is the polysaccharide used by animals to store glucose?
Which polysaccharide makes up the exoskeleton of insects?
Which monosaccharide is the sweetest?
Sugars all end with what three letter ending?
how many fatty acids in fat?
how many fatty acids in phospholipids?
is hydrolysis a catabolic or anabolic rxn?
is condensation rxn an anabolic or catabolic rxn
contributes to stability of tertiary structure of protein: h____________ interactions
van der waal
contributes to stability of tertiary structure of protein: ____ _____ ________ interactions
hydrogen ionic peptide
contributes to stability of tertiary structure of protein: h________, i________, p________ bonds
contributes to stability of tertiary structure of protein: _________ bridges
primary structure drawing: a bunch of _________ connected by ________ bonds
secondary structure drawing: zigzag connected by _______ bonds, also it is a B pleated sheet
2 or more proteins working together is what structure