Photography Terms

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angle

the specific location from which a photo is shot

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bird's -eye view

a photo shot from above, taken from a high angle

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center of visual interest (CVI)

primary subject that catches readers' attention first, focal point or dominant element within the photo

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composition

position or arrangement of the elements in a photo; content

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cropping

editing the image area to be reproduced, removes dead space from sides, top, or bottom

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format

a horizontal or vertical orientation for a photograph

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framing

composing a photo so that the subject is surrounded by content-sky, ground, people, architecture-that highlights the subject

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leading lines

a photo composition technique in which real or imaginary lines in a photo lead the eye to the dominant element, primary subject or center of interest

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noise

an undesirable electronic pattern in dark areas of a digital photo

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perspective

the angle at which a photo is shot (wide, medium, close-up)

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photojournalism

the art of telling a visual story with photographs, capturing life and emotion as it happens, not staged or posed

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reference photos

group shots and portraits that provide a record of the school population and the membership of organizations and teams

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repetition of patterns

a composition technique in which texture, lines, or another visual element repeats in the photo

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rule of thirds

a method of dividing the photograph intro thirds vertically and horizontally creating four intersection points where the main subject should usually fall into one of the intersecting points

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sequence

a complete visual story that results from shooting before, during, and after the event or activity

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subject

the main focus of a photo

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worm's-eye-view

a photo shot from below or a ground-level angle

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aperture

determines how much light is let in

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shutter speed

the length of time when the film or digital sensor inside the camera is exposed to light, also when a camera's shutter is open when taking a photograph

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exposure

how light or dark an image is

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