Unit One AP World History

studied byStudied by 28 people
get a hint

Caesaropapism + where was it

1 / 46

Tags and Description

Europe- West and East Dar al-Islam Song Dynasty Americas

47 Terms


Caesaropapism + where was it

Religious and political leader are the same person

Emperor is pope in Byzantine Empire/Eastern

New cards

Eastern Europe was (de)centralized, Western was (de)centralized



New cards

Capital of Byzantine Empire


New cards


Collections of the Prophet speaking, second only to Quran

New cards

Schism in Islam

Abu Baker appointed, Sunnis agree (85-90% world population Muslims now), Shi’a think it should be Ali, his nephew

New cards

Golden age of Islam

Abbasid Caliphate, collapses around 1250

New cards

Role of trade in Dar al-Islam

Merchants are important because Muhammed was merchant

-Middleman between China (thriving) and Europe (dumpster fire)

New cards

Islamic knowledge came from…

House of Wisdom is a scientific academy and intellectual center to produce scientific and philosophical work.

New cards

Art in Dar al-Islam

Drew on mosque ceilings, very elaborate, putting Allah and the universe on the ceiling since they couldn’t be put into words

New cards

Legal Systems in Islam

Shariah Law

New cards

Women in Dar al-Islam

Had more rights then women pretty much everywhere else in this time period. However, they still had limited rights (they could read and study, but not around unrelated males) (they could testify in court without retaliation, but testimony is worth ½ of a mans).

New cards

India and Islam

Dar al-Islam went to India, ‘expansion by conquest’, many people didn’t convert because of major differences in Hinduism and Islam. Sufi Muslims- Indian Muslims who accommodated for Hindu gods/practices.

New cards

Spain and Dar al-Islam

Dar al-Islam conquered part of Spain

-Most Christians converted, treated well but still seen as second class citizens

-Muslims with more rigid beliefs cam and persecuted Christians

-Eventually Isabella and her husband reclaimed Spain as Christian, persecuted and exiled Muslims and Jewish people.

New cards

Which was Byzantine e or w

Eastern Europe=Byzantine Empire

New cards

Religion of E. Europe

EASTERN Orthodox Church

New cards

Religion of W. Europe

Roman Catholicism

New cards

Before E and W Europe, what empire was Europe?

Roman Empire, E Europe kept traditions and political structure of R Empire

New cards

Was Europe flourishing in this time??

No, they were doing really bad, and lost Crusades 2-4

New cards

W Europe political structure (including name -ism)

No single emperor, just multiple kingdoms which operated under feudalism

Feudalism is kings giving nobles land and getting money and knights. Nobles give knights/vassals land (fief) and get protection and military service. Nobles give peasants land for work and protection (knights are protecting them) and in exchange the peasants work.

Feudalism is the social and political system of W Europe

New cards

Primogeniture- definition and E or W

In the feudal system, you can’t go upwards, its status you were born at. Also lands/titles are passed down to eldest sons bc of this.

New cards

Economic system of W Europe

Manorialism- Large fiefs(estates of land in feudalism)/estates are manors.

On manors the goal was to be self sufficient and have everything you could need on your manor. Mainly because of the unstable political climate, everyone is fighting so you don’t want to rely on everyone else.

New cards

Serfs vs slaves

Not slaves, they aren’t owned but are tied to the land and have to pay tribute.

New cards

Kievan Rus

Region that’s modern day Russia. Took culture from Eastern Europe, as EE declined, so did KR. In the 1200s was overtaken by Mongols and developed separately from the rest of Europe.

New cards

Agriculture in Europe, what innovations happened?

It improved.

-3 field system (rotation of fields to keep different nutrients in the soil)

-windmills/plow help agriculture which makes population grow

New cards

Women in Europe

As population & trade increase, so do opportunities for women because of job specialization. However, men thought education isn’t necessary for women.

New cards

Political change in Europe

  • how that affects political leader + church leader relationship

Monarchs are growing and power, so they are fighting to have more land (LAND=POWER)

The growing monarch power created tension between church and monarch because new power threatens church.

New cards


  • Goal

  • Who won?

  • Benefits

  • Negative consequences

  • Reclaim Holy Land (Jerusalem) and unite Europe to be one big European Empire

  • Europe won 1, Dar al-Islam won 2-4 and conquered capital of B/E Empire (Constantinople)

  • Promoted cultural exchange between Empires

  • Culture clashes and tensions between Christians and Muslims, many innocent people died, including innocent and oftentimes uninvolved Jewish people.

New cards

Capital of Song Dynasty


New cards

Confucianism in Song Dynasty

  • values that influenced life

  • women

  • government (how was this more equal then before)

  • Unequal relationships, filial piety, education is very important

  • Subordinate, husband over wife, foot binding. However, property rights expanded

  • Civil Service Exam inspired by Confucianism values to be in the government (some lower class people could be sponsored)

New cards

Religion (other than Confucianism) in Song Dynasty

Mandate of Heaven said the gods gave them the right to rule and when they messed up a disaster would come to end the dynasty

And Chinese Buddhism

New cards

Achievements in innovation in Song Dynasty

Champa rice= more population, more workers

Grand Canal + expansion of other waterways makes easier, cheap trade, peasants can grow specialized crops

Luxury goods are produced

Ships are improved

Printing (kind of invented)

New cards

Was this the golden age of

  • China

  • Middle East

  • Europe

  • yes (Song Dynasty)

  • yes, kind of (Abbasid Empire, collapsed 1250s)

  • No

New cards

China and Korea

  • how Korea was influenced/women

  • how it stayed independent

They had to pay tribute which China let them have a peaceful relationship in exchange for, women couldn’t remarry or inherit property because of the influence of Confucianism from China. Restrictions on elite women became worse than those in China.

Korea still had their own writing system and low class people weren’t really influenced by China

New cards

Political Structure of Song Dynasty

One Emperor, 6 major ministries were overseen by censorate, which watched character and behaviour of bureaucratic officials. This is the bureaucracy of Song Dynasty.

New cards

Was the Song Dynasty (de)centralized


New cards

China was broken down into…


New cards

Vietnam and China

  • Vietnam adopted

  • Did not adopt

  • women

  • The Vietnamese elites adopted Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism, the civil examination, art, literature, and the Mandate of Heaven.

  • Politically, Vietnam was independent and used the same popular culture they had before the tribute system. They kept their language, and had a hybrid langue (like Korea) with China.

  • Most importantly, women had more rights than Chinese women and rejected the Confucianism gender roles. Women could choose their husbands, and their husbands would move in with their wives family.

New cards

Japan and China

  • Why Is Japan different from V and K?

  • Adopted

  • Didn’t adopt

  • Women

More voluntary tribute because unlike K and V, they are physically separated from China so they can’t be invaded.

  • Political bureaucratic based of China, Chinese Buddhism, Art, archecteture, education, writing, and more. By the 900s, people stopped borrowing from China and started merging what they had with local traditions.

  • Had samurai warriors who emphasized bravery, endurance, and martial arts instead of intellectual focus in China. Buddhism didn't replace native beliefs, but merged with some. Also had Japanese-Chinese merged language.

  • Women eventually did start to lose power, but because of warrior values, not Confucianism. When Japan took traits from China, women continued to be respected.

New cards

Three countries

1= best for women/China had smallest influence

3=worst for women

  1. Probably Japan

  2. Vietnam is close to Japan

  3. Korea, worse than China

1 and 2 could be wrong?

New cards

Economic systems with conquered peoples- Incas vs Aztecs

Incas used mita, a labor system where people worked on farms or as house servants. Especially state farms or other state sponsored things. Remember book you read about girl in Ecuador.

Aztecs killed people they captured in battle in human sacrifices, but conquered people had to give tribute.

New cards

Where are the Aztec and Inca civilizations, what empires were they in?

Aztec- MexicA people are Aztec Empire. MexicAAztec Because its the Mexica people, its in Central America/Mexico aka Mesoamerica

Inca- in Andes civilizations, in South America

Idk if it’s actually in Peru, but think Inca, Peru to the tune of Lima, Peru from that song.

New cards

What was the Maya Civilization?

Ended before Aztec Empire started in Mesoamerica

New cards

Political system of Aztec Empire

  • Also, what is the capital?

The Aztec Empire stayed mostly out of the business of its conquered peoples. It was fragmented with many city-states. There were frequent rebellions, and conquered people had to make products that they drove to the capital, Tenochtitlan.

New cards

“Logic” of Aztec human sacrifice

Enslaved prisoners who were killed were killed because their blood would replenish the sun deity so it stayed alive. The duty of the Aztec state was to get this blood.

New cards

Political system Inca Empire

Emperor- divine son of gods

Eighty provinces in empire have a governor

Inspectors from the imperial center to watch local officials.

Local officials

remember because Inca Empire has 2 words, Inca has 4, 4×2=8 so 80 provinces

use the eight to remember ‘official’ has 8 letters, so the incas and NOT AZTECS had these local official\

Inca= I’m (In in Inca) 88 (eighty governors, 8 letters in official)

New cards

Inca Innovations

Quipus- knotted rope to signify births, deaths, marriages, etc

Also had specialized fields like masonry, ceramics, stonework

New cards

Aztec Innovations

built palaces and temples

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 30 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 42 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard121 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard53 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard22 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard211 terms
studied byStudied by 29 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard26 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard29 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard329 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)