Mr. Baetz English Final

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Literary Devices

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Tags and Description

49 Terms

1

Literary Devices

Techniques used by authors to communicate their experiences and ideas.

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2

Antonym

A word with the opposite meaning (e.g. pay - default)

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3

Personification

To give human qualities to an object, animal, or idea.

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4

Archetypal Elements

Heroes and villains.

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5

Symbolism

The American flag, a dove, and a blindfolded woman holding a scale.

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6

Audience

The people for whom the author is writing.

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7

Voice

A writer’s unique use of language that allows a reader to “hear” a human personality in the writer’s work.

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8

Setting

The time and place of the action of the story.

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9

P.I.E.

The author’s purpose, persuade, inform, entertain.

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10

Theme

The main message of a story.

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11

Compare/contrast

Signal words however, although, and yet indicate.

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12

Editing

Punctuation, capitalization, and spelling

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13

MLA

Citation style most commonly used for literary research papers.

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14

Alliteration

Sentence uses the same consonant at the beginning of two or more words. (i.e. The serpent silently slithered into the shrubs)

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15

Persuasive

Writing to a business to ask for a donation

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16

Author’s purpose

The reason a writer has for writing a text.

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17

Predict

A reasonable guess about what is likely to happen next.

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18

Imagery

Descriptive words and phrases that create sensory experiences for the reader.

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19

Memoir

An autobiographical account of a person’s experience and observations of an event.

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20

Mood

The emotional atmosphere the writer creates.

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21

Dependent clause

Has a subject and a verb, but can not stand alone as a sentence.

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22

Counterclaim

An opposing position.

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23

Transition words

Also known as connecting words.

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24

Revision

When your ideas are polished and improved.

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25

Syntax

The way words are arranged into phrases and sentences.

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26

Tone

The author’s attitude towards a subject.

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27

Comma

Signals a break in thought, pause, and divides main and subordinate clauses.

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28

Conclusion

The ending of an argument.

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29

Evidence

Includes facts, statistics, personal experiences, statements by experts, and other information.

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30

Claim

The author’s position on a topic or issue

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31

Argument

An author expresses a position on an issue and then attempts to support that position.

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32

Etymology

The study of the origin of words and the way their meanings have changed throughout history.

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33

Appositive

A noun or a pronoun that identifies or renames another noun or pronoun.

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34

Flashback

Interruptions in the chronological narrative that describe events at different points in the past.

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35

Plot

The sequence of events in a work of fiction.

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36

Compound Sentence

Two independent clauses joined by a conjunction. (i.e. “She was hanging by the backs of her heels from the gutter we had put in that year, and she was smiling.)

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37

Simile

A comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as.

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38

Homer

Wrote “The Odyssey”

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39

Epic

A long narrative poem, usually an adventure story.

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40

Foreshadowing

When characters refer, often unknowingly, to what will happen in the future.

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41

Oxymoron

Expressions containing an apparent contradiction (“parting is such sweet sorrow).

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42

Allusion

A reference to a literary or historical person or event that the audience is expected to know.

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43

Dramatic Irony

When the audience knows more than the characters.

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44

Parallel Structure

The repetition of certain words, phrases, or grammatical structures.

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45

Synonym

A word with a similar meaning (i.e. happy - glad).

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46

Informational text

Nonfiction writing that delivers facts and details about a specific topic.

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47

Tragedy

A drama that results in a catastrophe for the main characters.

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48

Blank Verse

Unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter.

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49

Soliloquy

A speech given by a character alone.

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