Modern World Views - Hinduism/Buddhism/Atheism/Agnostisism

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vedas

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24 Terms

1

vedas

meaning knowledge or widsom collection of the hindu scriptures

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2

dravidians

dark-skinned inhabitants of india

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3

aryans

indo-europeans who entered the indus valley before 1000bc expressed their religion in the hymns of the rig-veda (poetry)

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4

caste

the permanent social class into which a person is born social and religious obligations are determined by caste

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5

upanishads

meaning sitting closely by a teacher deal with the nature of the universe last of the vedas

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6

ramayana

and epic of the idealman

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7

mahabharata

a long epic poem featuring the activities of the god krishna includes the bhagavad-gita

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8

brahmin

highest caste mostly contains priests

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9

brahman

name of the highest diety

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10

atman

the essence of brahman that is present in individuals the universe itself behind all of the changes in the individual

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11

guru

a teacher of religious duties

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12

moksha

release of the soul from the cycle of rebirth once it is liberated

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13

reincarnation

atman leaves the body and is given a new body to inhabit although bodies are replaced

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14

karma

a person's thoughts and deeds are followed

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15

samsara

the wheel of rebirth that turns forever the soul is reborn until it reaches perfection

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16

shudra

fourth caste caste of laborers not permitted to hear the reading of Vedas

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17

vaishya

third caste caste of merchants and artisans members were allowed to participate in the vedic practices of religion

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18

kshatriya

second caste contains warriors

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19

henotheism

a belief that affirms one diety without denying the existence of others

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20

bhagavad-gita

krishnas counsel

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21

dharma

living according to the duties of ones caste

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22

pantheism

god is in everything

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23

syncretism

all roads lead to the same divine

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24

4 nobel truths

  1. all life is suffering

  2. suffering comes from desire

  3. to end suffering you must desire

  4. to end desire follow 8 fold path

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