Special Education Laws and Policies Midterm

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EDPS 211

43 Terms

1

OSERS

This organization is in charge of national policy for both special education and rehabilitation

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2

USC

This document contains passed laws

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3

CEC

This is the primary advocacy and professional development organization in special education

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4

LRE (Least Restrictive Environment)

This means students who qualify for services will receive their services in the setting that suits their needs

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5

SPP

This document outlines what the SEA will do to support students in their state

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6

MTSS

This method provides academic and/or behavioral support for students with different levels of need across a school site.

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7

Smith v. Robinson

This case lead to the awarding of attorney’s fees to parents/guardians under the EACHA

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8

Crawford v. Honig

This case found that IQ tests are allowed to be used for special education eligibility, but can’t be the only thing.

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9

13

How many federally recognized disability categories are there in the IDEA?

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10

Dispute Resolution

Mechanisms in place to provide parents with mediation, investigations, and other forms of due process.

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11

Manifestation Determination

A hearing to determine if a student’s misbehavior was caused by or substantially related to their disability

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12

Part C of IDEA

Primary purpose is to extend the protections of the law to toddlers and infants with disabilities

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13

Zero Reject

The determination that regardless of the cost or time commitment, students must be provided a FAPE

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14

Appeal/Certiorari

A request to a higher court for a review of the decisions of a lower court to correct mistakes or an improper ruling

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15

Legislative branch

Branch of the government that creates laws

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16

Child Find

Process of identifying children and adolescents who may qualify for special education services

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17

OSEP

This organization is in charge of national policy for special education

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18

Part A of IDEA

Primary purpose is to justify the law and define terms used in the law

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19

P.L. 94-142

The Education of All Handicapped Children Act of 1975was popularly known as…

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20

Mills v. Board of Education

A case that mandated that all children with disabilities be provided with an appropriate public education

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21

Precedent

A decision that gives direction to lower courts on how to decide similar questions of law in cases with similar facts

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22

Diana v. Board of Education

This case determined students must be assessed and evaluated for special education services in their native language

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23

Executive Branch

The branch of government that enforces laws

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24

Part B of IDEA

Primary purpose is to delineate the educational requirements of the law

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25

OCR

This organization enforced civil rights requirements in educational settings across the US

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26

PARC v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

This case specified that all children with what was known as mental retardation, at the time, must be provided with a FAPE

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27

Part D of IDEA

Primary purpose is to fund research and training to support the education of students with disabilities

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28

Judicial Branch

Branch of government that interprets the laws

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29

ADA

This law outlines the laws surrounding people with disabilities

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30

Brown v. Board of Education

This decision provided impetus for legislation and litigation granting students with disabilities the right to FAPE

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31

DCL

This document provides educators with guidance surrounding education policies

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32

DOE (Department of Education)

This organization leads all public education. They have offices at the state and national levels.

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33

DOJ (Department of Justice)

This organization is in charge of matters related to the criminal justice system

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34

EAHCA

This is the seminal federal special education law

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35

ESEA

This is the seminal federal education law

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36

ESSA

This is the current federal education law

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37

FAPE (Free Appropriate Public Education)

This consists of special education services and related services that are provided at public expense

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38

IDEA

This is the current federal special education law

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39

IEP (Individual Education Plan)

This document outlines the services and supports that students who qualify for special education will receive

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40

IFSP

This document outlines the services that children ages 3-4 who qualify for special education services will receive

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41

LEA (Local Education Agency)

School districts

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42

NAEP

This is the organization tasked with collecting and reporting academic data for students across the US

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43

Section 504

A child with disabilities who needs related services but does not require special education is protected under this

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