Ap Lit & Comp Poetry Terms

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34 Terms

1

allusion

A reference to another work of literature, person, or event

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2

analogy

A similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them.

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3

anaphora

the intentional repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of successive lines, stanzas, sentences, or paragraphs to create emphasis

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4

apostrophe

addressing the dead, absent, or inanimate

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5

atmosphere

the overall mood of a story or poem

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6

chiasmus

A statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed

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7

conceit

extended metaphor

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8

details, selection and order of

specific words, incidents, images, or events the author uses to create a scene or narrative

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9

diction

A writer's or speaker's choice of words

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10

dramatic situation

who is speaking to whom and under what circumstances?

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11

epiphany

A moment of sudden revelation or insight

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12

hyperbole

exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.

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13

imagery

Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

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14

litotes

A form of understatement that involves making an affirmative point by denying its opposite

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15

metaphor

A comparison without using like or as

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16

metonymy

substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it

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17

irony

A contrast between expectation and reality

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18

structural irony

an implication of alternate or reversed meaning that pervades a work

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19

dramatic irony

when the audience knows something the characters do not

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20

cosmic irony

the idea that fate, destiny, or a god controls and toys with human hopes and expectations

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21

oxymoron

A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.

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22

pathetic fallacy

The attribution of human emotions or characteristics to inanimate objects or to nature; for example angry clouds; a cruel wind.

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23

paradox

a contradiction or dilemma

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24

periphrasis

substitution of a descriptive word or phrase for a proper name or of a proper name for a quality associated with the name

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25

personification

the giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea

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26

pun

a humorous play on words

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27

repetition

intentional repetition of sounds, words, phrasing, or concepts to create unity and emphasis

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28

rhetorical question

A question asked merely for rhetorical effect and not requiring an answer

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29

similie

comparing two things using like or as

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30

symbol

anything that stands for or represents something else

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31

synecdoche

a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa

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32

theme

reveals the poets dominant purpose behind writing the poem

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33

tone

the general character or attitude of a place, piece of writing, situation, etc.

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34

understatement

the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.

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