Effects of Alcohol

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35 Terms

1

Alcohol

drug, beer, wine that causes intoxication

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2

intoxication

the physical and mental changes produced by alcohol

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3

blood alcohol concentration

the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed by percentage

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4

binge drinking

the act of drinking five or more in one sitting

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5

cirrhosis

disease that replaces healthy liver tissue with scar tissue, caused by long term alcohol abuse

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6

A beer…

contains the same amount as a glass of wine or a shot of vodka

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7

Factors that determine short term alcohol effects

  1. the amount of alcohol consumed

  2. the presence of food in the stomach

  3. genetic factors

  4. medicine/drug the person has taken

  5. gender and size

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8

Short term alcohol effects

  1. Nausea

  2. Vomitting

  3. Dehydration

  4. Loss of Judgement and self control

  5. Reduced reaction time

  6. Poor vision

  7. Memory loss

  8. Blackout

  9. Coma

  10. Death

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9

Alcohol irritates the..

mouth, esophagus, stomach, throat

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10

Alcohol makes..

and dilates the blood vessel to make the heart work harder

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11

Alcohol makes..

the body lose heat

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12

Drinking alcohol in cold weather..

can drain heat from the body which causes hypothermia

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13

The liver..

can only break down one alcoholic drink per hour

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14

How does alcohol cause dehydration?

the kidneys produce more urine taking water from other parts of the body

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15

Symptoms of a hangover

headache, nausea, dizziness as a result of dehydration

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16

Effects on the mind

  1. slows down nervous system

  2. people begin to feel more relaxed and talkative

  3. they laugh more

  4. loses inhibition/coordination

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17

inhibition

natural limits people put on their behaviors

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18

when do people start feeling funny after drinking alcohol?

about 15 minutes after

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19

BAC level of 0.02

slowed reaction time, feeling of relaxation, warmth and well being

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20

0.05

euphoria, loss of inhibition, decreased judgement

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21

0.10

impaired vision, judgement, reflexes, coordination, mood swings

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22

0.15

severe version of 0.10 with violent behavior, mood swings, memory problems, difficulty walking and standing, impaired speech, blurred vision

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23

0.2

  1. blackouts

  2. memory loss

  3. vomit

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24

0.25

  1. no conscious

  2. numbness

  3. slow breathing

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25

0.3

coma

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26

0.4-0.5

death alcohol poisoning

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27

how many drinks within an hour causes breathing and heart rate to damage?

8 drinks or more

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28

Three symptoms of alcohol poisoning

  1. extreme vomitting

  2. loss of consciousness

  3. dangerously slowed breathing

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29

Long term effects of alcohol on the body

  1. Permanent damage to the brain

  2. Permanent damage to the body

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30

Permanent damage to the body

  1. causes irregular heartbeat

  2. high blood pressure

  3. enlargement

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31

Anemia

a decrease in red blood cells from alcohol

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32

Permanent Damage to the brain

  1. lack of oxygen

  2. shrunken brain

  3. dead brain cells

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33

Mouth, esophagus, stomach

  1. stomach bleeding

  2. mouth cancer

  3. irritation to the esophagus and stomach

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34

Liver

  1. Hepatitis

  2. Cirrhosis

  3. liver cancer

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35

Hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

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