BJU World Studies Chapter 14

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socialism

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37 Terms

1

socialism

a system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production

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2

Karl Marx

developed Marxism

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3

proletariat

laborerd

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4

bourgeoisie

capitalist

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5

communism

common ownership of property

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6

sufferage

the right to vote

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7

temperance

drinking in moderation

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8

abstience

no drinking of alcohol

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9

Corn Laws

1815 tariff on imported grain to protect domestic producers

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10

Reform Bill of 1832

entitled the Middle Class to vote

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11

Chartism

universal man sufferage and secret ballots

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12

Benjamin Deiraeli

Prime minister of 1867 doubling the number of men who could vote

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13

Reform Act of 1867

granted voting privilages to all male homeowners

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14

William Gladstone

stressed domestic reform during his term as Prime Minister

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15

Parliament Bill of 1911

reduced the House of Lords from its status as equal partner w/ House of Commons; took away the power of veto from the House of Lords

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16

Louis Napoleon Bonaparte

elected President of France, declared himself President for life, and later made himself emperor of France and made his name Napoleon III

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17

Second Empire

the empire Napoleon III establish

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18

Third Republic

the forces that captured and deposed Louis Napoleon Bonaparte

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19

anti-Semitism

hosility toward Jews

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20

Dreyfus Affair

1894 falsely charged for supplying French secrets to the Germans

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21

pogrom

massacre of Jews in Russia or eastern Europe

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22

romanticism

desired to imitate mideival times

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23

realism

replaced romanticism as a new art form

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24

Charles Dickens

wrote about the negitive aspects of the Industrial Revolution

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25

Leo Tolstoy

described the difficulties of the life in Russia

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26

James Maxwell

Scottish scientist; predicted the existence of radio waves before their discovery; combined the sciences of electricity, magnetism, and optics into one model

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27

Louis Pasteur

a French chemist, developed a method of heating milk and other liquids in order to slow the development of disease-causing microbes, pasteurization, proved that spontaneous generation is a myth

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28

pasteurization

a method of heating milk and other liquids in order to slow the development of disease-causing microbes

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29

Charles Darwin

wrote "Origin of Species" which described his ideas on evolution and natural selection

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30

internal combustion engine

produces power inside the engine

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31

Wright brothers

made the first successful airplane flight on 12/17/1903

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32

telegraph

enables people to write messages to others who live far away

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33

Samuel Morse

invented Morse code

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34

telephone

a device used to send and recieve sounds and speech over any distance

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35

Alexander Graham Bell

invented the telephone

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36

Porfirio Diaz

develop a constitutional democracy and prosperity

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37

British North America Act

created the dominion in Canada with Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia as the four provinces

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