Salamander Families

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Cryptobranchidae

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1

Cryptobranchidae

hellbenders, loose baggy skin, shovel head. external fertilization. eastern US and eastern asia. 2 genera 4 species

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2

Hynobiidae

asian salamander. 1 specimen is a scrungly spindly bitch with a broken tail. external fertilization. 9 genera 82 species

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3

Sirenidae

2 front legs only, usually external gills. external fertilization. southeastern US. 2 genera 5 species

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4

Salamandridae

Newts and others, orange belly, often toxic. internal fertilization. N america, asia, europe, africa. 21 genera 120 species

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5

Dicampodontidae

giant salamanders, that unique mottled pattern. internal fertilization. northwestern US. 1 genus 4 species

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6

Ambystomatidae

mole salamanders, like tiger salamander. internal fertilization. north america. 1 genus 32 species

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7

Proteidae

mudpuppy, 4 legs external gills. internal fertilization. eastern US and eastern europe. 2 genera 6 species

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8

Rhyacotritonidae

small and shitty specimens yellow with dark spots, square ass vent. internal fertilization. Northwestern US. 1 genus 4 species

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9

Amphiumidae

seal-faced worm, reduced legs, no external gills. internal fertilization. southeastern US. 1 genus 3 species

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10

Plethodontidae

lungless salamanders, skinny bodies, nasolabial grooves. internal fertilization. north and south america. 28 genera 479 species

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11

Order Gymnophiona Family Caeciliidae

no legs, annulii rings, cloaca at end of tail, no external gills. internal fertilization. pantropical. 33 genera 214 species

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