World history

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Humanism

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Tags and Description

48 Terms

1

Humanism

study of roman and greek classics

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2

Vernacular

In your own language

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3

Indulgence

pay for salvation

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4

Lutheranism

followers of martin luther

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5

Conquistadors

Conqurers from spain

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6

Encomienda

social rules of spanish america

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7

Columbian Exchange

exchange of plants and animals from the americas to europe

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8

Mercantilism

economic thought of the 17th century

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9

Triangular Trade

trade route through the americas, europe, and africa

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10

Mita

Use of slaves in spanish america

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11

Huguenots

prostants in france

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12

Divine right of kings

thought that god placed the kings on the world to rule

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13

Absolutism

where the ruler who rules has all the power

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14

Nautral rights

rights people have when they are born

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15

3 parts of the middle age

Diease,warfare, and religion

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16

Where the renaissance began

Flourence Italy

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17

Sercular

view thats not based on religion

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18

Fresco

Wet plaster and water based paints

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19

Renissance high masters

Da vinci, Michealangelo, raphel, donotello

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20

Wrote the book of power

Niccolo M

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21

Importance of johannes gutenburg

Made moveable printing

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22

how did education change in the renaissance

enforced humanist ideas and prepared people for life ahead

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23

when did the reformation begin

1517

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24

Who was Martin Luther

The founder of luthernaism that influenced the reformation

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25

How did the breakup of the holy roman empire influence the growth of the reformation?

They got to choose their own religion and it led to conflict

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26

Reformers of the reformation

Calvin, Zwingli, Luther, King henry the 8th

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27

King Henry 8th did what

Made the church of england and used to be the defender of cathcolism

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28

What did luther do

Mad lutheraism

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29

Calvin

leading figure by publishing the insitutes of the christian religion

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30

What did zwingli do

founded the swiss reformed church

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31

radical group that was disliked by catholics and protestants

anabaptists

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32

Peace of Augsburg

holy roman empire desicion that religion is up to people of the region

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33

When was the age of exploration?

1480s-1800s

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34

Countries that led the way in Exploration

Spain and Portugal

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35

Different explores

Marco Polo

Bartholomeu Dias

Christopher Colombus

Ferdinand

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36

Marco polo

Travled the east (china)

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37

Bartholomeu Dias

Goes around Africa

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38

Christopher Colombus

Travels to the new world Central America

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39

Ferdinand

attempted to circumfrence the world

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40

3 G’s

God,Glory,Gold

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41

Defender of Catholicism

King henry Vlll

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42

How many african slaves brought to the americas between 1500-1800

all together 10mil

270,000 in 1500

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43

Significance of King alfonso

Wrote 27 letters to the king of portgual to stop the slave trade

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44

Social Sturcture of latin america

Peninsulars- Born in Europe

Creoles- desendents of europeans

Mestizos- Mix of europeans and natives

Mullatos- Mix of europeans and africans

Enslaved africans and Natives

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45

Causes of 30 year war

- Tensions between prostants and catholics increase and other countries join

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46

Effects of the 30 year war

  • German states are weakend and other countries gain power in europe

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47

One absolute ruler of europe

Louis the XIV from france, rules for over 60 years

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48

How do we see the influence of the Renissance and Reformation today

  • Caused exploration and taught us the power of looking in past for ideas for dealing with issues

  • Reformation became the basis for prostantism and caused new religions

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