Ch 1: Introduction to Anatomy (copy)

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What is the term used to describe the study of the structural basis of body function?

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110 Terms

1

What is the term used to describe the study of the structural basis of body function?

Anatomy

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2

What is the term used to describe the study of the functional relevance of a structure?

Physiology

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3

What is the term used to describe the functional reasons behind the structure?

Functional morphology

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4

Which type of anatomical science are we focused on?

Systemic anatomy

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5

What type of anatomical science breaks the body up into body systems?

Systemic anatomy

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6

What is the microscopic analysis of diseased tissue called?

Histopathology

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7

What is the study of the structure and function of individual cells called?

Cytology

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8

What method of study looks at surface appearance?

Inspection

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9

What method of study feels a structure?

Palpation

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10

What method of study listens to normal sounds?

Auscultation

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11

What method of study taps and listens?

Percussion

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12

What method of study cuts and separates tissues?

Dissection

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13

What is the branch of medicine concerned with imaging?

Radiology

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14

What two things can radiology be?

Invasive and non-invasive

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15

What type of radiology inserts into the body?

Invasive

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16

What type of radiology does not penetrate the body?

Non-invasive

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17

What type of radiology is used for visualizing hollow organs and blood vessels?

Radiography

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18

Name a type of radiography.

X-ray

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19

What type of radiography is used for visualizing hollow organs?

Contrast medium

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20

What type of radiography is used for looking at blood vessels?

Angiography

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21

What type of radiology uses cross-section X-rays, is good at looking at bones, and is fast?

CT scan

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22

What does CT stand for?

Computed tomography

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23

What is the modified CT scanner that produces 3D video images to show motion and volume changes?

Dynamic spatial reconstructor

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24

What type of radiology visualizes soft tissue, is slower, and is not great if you have metal in your body?

MRI

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25

What does MRI stand for?

Magnetic resonance imaging

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26

What type of MRI uses functional moment-to-moment changes?

fMRI

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27

What type of radiology uses gamma ray detection and nuclear medicine to look for cancer and infection?

PET scan

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28

What does PET stand for?

Positron emission tomography

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29

What type of radiology uses reflection of ultrasound waves?

Sonography

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30

What type of sonography is used for obstetrics?

Sonogram

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31

What type of sonography is used for the beating heart?

Echocardiography

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32

What term describes normal arrangement of organs?

Situs solitus

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33

What term describes reversed position of organs?

Situs inversus

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34

What term describes one organ atypically positioned?

Situs perversus

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35

Name the 8 levels of human structure.

Organism, organ systems, organs, tissues, cells, organelles, molecules, and atoms

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36

What anatomical plane describes right/left portions?

Sagittal

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37

What anatomical plane describes equal halves?

Medial

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38

What anatomical plain describes unequal portions?

Parasagittal

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39

What anatomical plane describes anterior/posterior portions?

Frontal (coronal) plane

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40

What anatomical plane describes superior/inferior portions?

Transverse (horizontal) plane

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41

Why are directional terms so important?

Communication

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42

What term describes toward the front of the body?

Anterior

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43

What term describes toward the back of the body?

Posterior

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44

What term describes toward the anterior side?

Ventral

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45

What term describes toward the posterior side?

Dorsal

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46

What term describes above?

Superior

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47

What term describes below?

Inferior

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48

What term describes toward the forehead or nose?

Rostral

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49

What term describes toward the tail or inferior end

Caudal

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50

What term describes toward the midline of the body?

Medial

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51

What term describes away from the midline of body?

Lateral

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52

What term describes closer to the point of attachment or origin (extremities)?

Proximal

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53

What term describes farther from the point of attachment or origin (extremities)?

Distal

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54

What term describes on the same side of the body (right/left)?

Ipsilateral

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55

What term describes on opposite sides of the body (right/left)?

Contralateral

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56

What term describes closer to the body surface?

Superficial

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57

What term describes farther from the body surface?

Deep

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58

What body region is along the midline attached to the trunk and contains the head, neck, and trunk?

Axial region

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59

What two regions make up the trunk?

Abdominal and thoracic

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60

What two ways can the abdominal region be split up?

Four quadrants or nine regions

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61

What major body region makes up the extremities?

Appendicular region

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62

What body part does the brachial region describe?

Arm

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63

What body part does the antebrachial region describe?

Forearm

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64

What body part does the carpal region describe?

Wrist

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65

What body part does the manual region describe?

Hand

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66

What body part does the digits describe?

Fingers/toes

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67

What body part does the femoral region describe?

Thigh

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68

What body part does the crural region describe?

Leg

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69

What body part does the tarsal region describe?

Ankle

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70

What body part does the pedal region describe?

Foot

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71
<p>Name the quadrant in green.</p>

Name the quadrant in green.

Right upper quadrant

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72
<p>Name the quadrant in yellow.</p>

Name the quadrant in yellow.

Left upper quadrant

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73
<p>Name the quadrant in pink.</p>

Name the quadrant in pink.

Right lower quadrant

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74
<p>Name the quadrant in blue.</p>

Name the quadrant in blue.

Left lower quadrant

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75
<p>Name the region in green.</p>

Name the region in green.

Hypochondriac region

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76
<p>Name the region in yellow.</p>

Name the region in yellow.

Epigastric region

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77
<p>Name the region in pink.</p>

Name the region in pink.

Umbilical region

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78
<p>Name the region in blue.</p>

Name the region in blue.

Lumbar region

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79
<p>Name the region in gray.</p>

Name the region in gray.

Inguinal region

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80
<p>Name the region in orange.</p>

Name the region in orange.

Hypogastric region

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81

What cavity is enclosed by braincase and contains the brain?

Cranial cavity

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82

What cavity is enclosed by backbone and contains spinal cord?

Vertebral cavity

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83
<p>What cavity is in blue?</p>

What cavity is in blue?

Thoracic cavity

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84
<p>What cavity is in pink?</p>

What cavity is in pink?

Abdominal cavity

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85
<p>What cavity is in yellow?</p>

What cavity is in yellow?

Pelvic cavity

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86
<p>Which cavity is in blue?</p>

Which cavity is in blue?

Pleural cavity

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87
<p>What cavity is in purple?</p>

What cavity is in purple?

Pericardial cavity

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88
<p>What is the term used to describe the middle arrow?</p>

What is the term used to describe the middle arrow?

Mediastinum

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89

What cavity contains most of the digestive organs and the spleen, kidneys, and ureters?

Abdominal cavity

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90

What cavity contains the distal large intestine, urinary bladder, urethra, and reproductive organs?

Pelvic cavity

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91

Name the region: head

Cephalic

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92

Name the region: Face

Facial

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93

Name the region: Neck

Cervical

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94

Name the region: Center of chest (sternum)

Sternal

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95

Name the region: Chest

Pectoral

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96

Name the region: Thigh

Femoral

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97

Name the region: Leg

Crural

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98

Name the region: Ankle

Tarsal

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99

Name the region: Foot

Pedal

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100

Name the region: Sole

Plantar surface

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