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St. Paul christology

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St. Paul christology

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How does Saint Paul view Jesus

Jesus=savior/image of invisible father who sets standards we are trying to model (when we are baptized, we "put on" Jesus and he guides our behaviors

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St. Paul letters time period

before canonical gospels, around time of mark

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St. Paul's letters main focus

explained relationship between judaism and gentiles

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Explain Jesus's encounters/relationship with the gentiles

few, but positive encounters and he builds a church/missionary effort for gentiles and christians (makes it the norm)

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what group was St. Paul a part of and how did that relate to his writing

pharisees so he used the tanakh(greater ?s than sadducees) which said Jesus was the messiah and had more on the synagogues

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is Paul blameless before the law

no, he just knows how to act to receive forgiveness in accordance with the law

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why did Paul persecute christians

They worshipped Jesus, whom Paul considered a blasphemer.

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By the norms of the Torah, Jesus could not be a righteous person, much less the Messiah.

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  • because romans are still in power

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-god would never allow his son to die in such a cursed way

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-there is no change in our reality after Jesus' death

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-Jesus talks to people on the margins(exploiting them)

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why does Paul change his mind

Jesus appears to him in a blinding light and asks him "why do you persecute me?"

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what does Paul do after Jesus appears to him

he arrives at the place he is going, talks to a religious leader, and converts to christianity

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how do christians react to Pauls conversion

they doubt his sincerity especially because he calls himself an apostle (a follower of Jesus in his lifetime, justifies it because Jesus appeared to him)

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which gospel reflects Pauls letters and vision

lukes

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how are Luke and Paul related

Luke was an early disciple of Paul (his gospel is supplemental to Paul's letters)

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what is Paul's challenge

christianity as a natural expansion of judaism (includes jews)

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according to Paul, how jewish do u need to be christian?

not very,, as a gentile you don't need to follow jewish traditions

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according to Paul, what must gentiles follow (if not jewish scriptures) and how does he justify it

-the mosaic law( 10 commandments)

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-he used god's covenant with Abraham- go to the promise land and trust that I will take care of you (requires trust in the goodness of god)

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-it is wrong for jews who want to be christian to reject gentiles that want to be christian

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what is another name for Paul (pre christianity)

the persecutor of the church

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what did Paul's letters influence

most NT content

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what were Paul's letters like

-occasional in nature (written for specific occasion)

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-address pastoral/practical concerns

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what is an example of a pastoral/practical concern

what do we do if gentiles bring food that isn't kosher or has been sacrificed to other gods

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what supports pastoral concerns

theological concerns

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what does "the end explains the middle" mean

Our goal/shared core values(what god calls us to be) will help us solve practical concerns we are having

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what is an example of "the end explains the middle" in his letter to the Corinthians

he says that if you had focused on Jesus' teachings/focus on love and community you wouldn't have such silly questions for me(abstinence and suing)

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how many books are in the NT

27

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how many books in the NT are attributed to Paul

13

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how many books in the NT are authentic(for sure based on) to Paul

7

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what is special about Paul's writings

they are the earliest in the NT

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what was Paul's last letter like

it was his most mature and it was written to the romans

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how does Paul die

beheaded as a martyr

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what is not included in Paul's letters

parables of Jesus (because ppl have already heard these things- makes ppl question his reliability tho)

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what three things are important to Paul about Jesus

lords baptism, last supper, and resurrection

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to who was the earliest of Pauls letters written to

letter to the Thessalonians

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what was the main question addressed in Paul's letter to the Thessalonians

resurrection:

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-Jesus is supposed to descend again and judge the living and the dead (soon)

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-ppl are stopping doing anything or starting to question christianity

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what is st Pauls response to their problems

they need to alter their view and accept that it is in God's hands and he will make it happen (when he comes back you should be found doing the right thing)

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how is Jesus seen in the letter to the Thessalonians and in Pauls letters in general

as an apocalyptic teacher

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how is Jesus an apocalyptic teacher

-kingdom of god idea

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-live the way god wants you to

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-Jesus is going to return

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-new age is coming

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-Jesus calls himself the son of man

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what was happening in Corinth in II Corinthians letter

Peter and James(2 great apostles) were leading a collection for the church in Jerusalem

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what was Peter and James' relationship with Paul

they were very vocal critics of him

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what are some reasons they don't like Paul

  • they don't like that he claims to be an apostle(we don't know you)

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-don't like that he is telling gentiles they don't have to uphold the jewish traditions

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end with: we don't like what you're doing but can't say that you're wrong(draw)

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how does Paul react to Peter and James

he encourages people to raise money for the church in Jerusalem-drought and starvation (we solve problems through christian unity)

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why do questions arise about Paul's authority

-he is not well liked

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-he claims to be an apostle

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-he says you don't have to be jewish to be christian

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-church in Jerusalem(original) does not like him at all

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-new prophets come to Corinth and are like ????

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-Peter, leader of the church, does not agree with him

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what happens when the Corinthians hear about Pauls questionable authority from the new prophets visiting

they write to him and ask "why do you mislead us"

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why was 1 Corinthians written

respond to questions about christianity from the Corinthians (internal tensions)

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why was 1 Corinthians so important in the NT

decided what life was like in 1st century christian communities

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what were the doctrinal disputes discussed in the letter

nature of the resurrection and use of spiritual gifts

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how does 1 Corinthians letter begin

with intro and proper salutation and then thanksgiving

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bigger questions addressed in 1 Corinthians

-abstinence

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-food sacrifice to idols

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-role of women

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-spiritual gifts

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what spiritual gifts were discussed in 1 Corinthians

speaking in tongues/language of angels

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-ppl are using this to one up each other

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-not in line with the holy spirit (other ppl couldn't understand)

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-if Holy Spirit gives this gift to someone, he will give gift of understanding to someone else

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emphasis in 1 corinthians letter

love and community

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chapter 12 of 1 corinthians emphasis

we are all part of one body

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  • all different with different functions but must work together for common good

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chapter 13 1 corinthians emphasis

hymn of love

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-love is patient, kind, and endures all things

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-if you don't have love, you have nothing/worthless

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-our gifts need to be put at the surface for others

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chapter 15 1 corinthians emphasis

resurrection

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-if resurrection didn't happen, then everything I said is pointless/in vain

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-if he really rose from the dead, you should pay attention to what he says

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-pascals rule/law

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pascal's rule/law

if god isn't real and you believed, at least you were still taught of kindness and charity

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if god is real and you didn't believe, then you're stupid

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more bigger questions is 1 corinthians

-resurrection

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-sexual immorality

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-suing each other

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-class and culture disputes

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focus on overall message problem

focus on overall message of love and community in christianity and then you won't have to ask such silly questions (act with integrity)

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class and culture disputes in 1 corinthians

-combo of jews and gentiles who accept Jesus as the messiah

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-show how difficult it is to live in a multicultural, classless society

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what causes tension between jews and gentiles

-what is appropriate behavior for women in church

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greco roman women:bind tunic under breast and ankle length dress and women accompany men

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jewish women: cover whole body and hair and don't draw attention to breasts and women/men are segregated

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class conflict addressed in 1 corinthians

Paul says wealthy don't care for poor

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  • wealthy gather first for group meals because don't work as long and eat all food/wine before poor come

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