Unit 1: Rhetoric and the Elements of Style

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41 Terms

1

Style

is the general manner of expression used in a text.

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2

Pathos

is an appeal to the emotions, values, or desires of the audience.

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3

Personification

is the figurative device in which inanimate objects or concepts are given the thoughts, feelings, or actions of a human.

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4

Ethos

is an appeal to the speakers credibility- whether he or she is to be believed on the basis of his or her character and expertise.

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5

Denotation

refers to a words primary or literal significance

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6

connotation

refers to the vast range of other meanings that a word suggests.

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7

Rhetorical strategies

describe how an author uses language to construct a text.

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8

Hyperbole

is overstatement or exaggeration; it is the use of figurative language that significantly exaggerates the facts for effect.

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9

Logos

is an appeal to reason and logic.

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10

Understatement

is figurative language that presents the facts in a way that makes them appear much less significant than they really are.

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11

Mood

describes how the text makes the audience feel.

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12

Tone

describes the speakers attitude toward the subject.

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13

catchy title

is a rhetorical strategy designed to capture the audiences attention.

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14

Sarcasm

is simply verbal irony used with the intent to injure.

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15

Circumlocation

is a form of communication in which the speaker's meaning is not directly expressed but implied, often through metaphors or other forms of figurative language.

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16

euphemism

is a word or words that are used to avoid employing an unpleasant or offensive term.

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17

Verbal irony

refers to the process of stating something but meaning the opposite of what is stated.

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18

Irony

is a figure of speech in which words are used to convey the opposite of their literal meaning.

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19

Situational Irony

refers to a circumstance that runs contrary to what was expected.

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20

Figurative language

is strictly defined as speech or writing that departs from literal meaning to achieve a special effect or meaning.

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21

Satire

something is portrayed in a way thats deliberately distorted to achieve comic effect.

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22

Symbolism

is a concrete object that represents an abstract idea.

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23

Imagery

in figurative language is when an author uses vivid or metaphorical language to create a mental image that helps readers visualize what's being described.

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24

Rhetorical strategies

a broad term, including basic diction and syntax, as well as more complicated uses of figurative language.

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25

Understatement

is almost always used for comic effect.

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26

Syntax

________ in rhetorical strategies refers to the arrangement of words and phrases to achieve a desired effect.

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27

X

This variable represents the specific rhetorical strategies an author uses

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28

Y

This variable refers to how the rhetorical strategies in the text impact the audience

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29

Audience

refers to the individuals the speaker is trying to persuade

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30

Z

This variable represents a texts theme or argument

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31

Simile

A simile is a comparison between two unlike objects, in which the two parts are connected with a term such as like or as

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32

Metaphor

is a simile without a connecting term such as like or as

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33

Extended Metaphor

is precisely what it sounds like-it is a metaphor that lasts for longer than just one phrase or sentence

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34

Symbolism

is a concrete object that represents an abstract idea

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35

Satire

something is portrayed in a way thats deliberately distorted to achieve comic effect

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36

Rhetoric

are talking about language as a means of persuasion

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37

Diction

will ask you to evaluate why an author’s choice of words is particularly effective, apt, or clear.

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38

Context

(and at times, author’s intent) determines which connotations may be appropriate for a word.

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39

author

will carefully pick a particular word for its connotations, knowing or hoping a reader will make an additional inference as a result.

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40

paradox

contains two elements which cannot both be true at the same time (although usually each one could be true on its own).

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41

Mood

describes how the text makes the audience feel.

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