Exam 4

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New Caledonia

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111 Terms

1

New Caledonia

French colony that was the first secure base in the Pacific Americal division was here

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2

Americal Division

First and only division to be activated on foreign soil during World War 2. Made troops from different nations, including France, New Zeeland and America

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3

Battle of Coral Sea

gave them more security for New Caledonia and put the Japanese fleet and army on the defensive in the island chain first time in history that two opposing carrier forces fought only using aircraft without the opposing ships ever sighting each other

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4

Philippine Campaign

Japanese land in the Philippines, and American troops begin a last stand in Bataan, eventually causing their unconditional surrender.

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5

Bataan Death March

76,000 Allied POWs including 12,000 Americans are forced to walk 60 miles under a blazing sun without food or water toward a new POW camp resulting in 5,000 americans death

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6

Doolittle Raid

America bombs Tokyo to boost allied morale and prove that Japan is not invisible launched form the Carrier hornet 16 planes 80 flyers

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7

General Wainwright

surrenders on Corregidor unconditionally all Filpino forces

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8

who was Japanese general in charge of Bataan Death March

Lt. General Masahuro Homma

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9

who is American Admiral in charge of the navy in the Pacific

Chester Nimitz

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10

Battle of Midway

turning point in the pacific war

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11

Navajo Code Talkers

Native Americans used their language as their code developed dictionary and words for military terms transmitted by radio and telephone no alphabet or symbols Used only the first letter of the English equivalent in spelling an English word

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12

Battle of Guadalcanal

3 land battles 7 major naval engagements Japanese 24,000 dead 24 ships lost Americans 1600 dead 4200 wounded 300+ died from disease 24 ships lost land battle turning point in the Pacific War

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13

what was the 1st amphibious landing of the Pacific

Guadalcanal

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14

naval disaster off Savo island

eight Japanese warships attack the American fleet at night causing the allies to lose 5 ships in less than an hour 1,500 allied crewmen died

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15

Battle of Bloody Ridge

Guadalcanal September 12-14

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16

U.S marines repulse first major Japanese ground attack

Guadalcanal August 21 1942

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17

Admiral William F Halsey

named as the new commander of the South Pacific area in charge of the Solomon and New Guinea Campaign

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18

Battle of Santa Cruz

results in the loss of the carrier Hornet

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19

Tarawa Campaign

Americans 1115 killed and missing almost 2300 wounded Japanese 4836 killed 17 survivors attacked the island for the airfield

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20

Toll ian

Pacific Crucible War at Sea in the Pacific 1941 -1942 The Conquering Tide: War in the Pacific islands 1942-1944 Twilight of the Gods: War in the Western Pacific 1944-1945

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21

General Douglas MacArthur

commander of the US forces in the Philippine Islands who directed the Allied occupation of Japan had to leave Philippines during the Japanese invasion but eventually returned

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22

first American carrier offensive of the war of Yorktown and Enterprise

Marshall and Gilbert islands

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23

what was first US carrier sunk by the Japanese

Langley

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24

Japanese two-pronged strategy

Divert Ships to Aleutian islands then attack Midway

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25

Battle of Cape Esperance

The U.S. cruisers and destroyers defeat Japanese Task force off Guadalcanal

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26

what army regiment was the first to land on Guadalcanal

164 regiment

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27

Battle of Bismarck Sea

Allied land-based bombers destroyed a Japanese convoy during this battle in the Bismarck Sea in March 1943. This battle, destroying many troop transport ships, had major consequences, for Japan refused to support sieged ports, leaving island hoping an easy and effective method to take the Pacific

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28

Admiral Yamamoto death

code breakers pinpointed the plane he was on and eighteen United States P-38 fighters shoot his plane down

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29

John Hersey

Into the Valley

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30

Richard Tregaskis

Guadalcanal Diary

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31

Richard Frank

Guadalcanal

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32

James Jones

The Thin Red Line

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33

Last and largest carrier to carrier naval battle in history

Battle of Philippine sea

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34

Battle of the Philippine Sea

The U.S. 5th fleet vs Japan Mobile Fleet 24 total carriers 1350 aircraft

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35

Battle of Philippine Sea American lost

1 damaged battleship 109 dead 123 aircraft lost

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36

Battle of Philippine Sea Japanese lost

2 fleet carriers suck 1 light cruiser 2 oilers 550-645 aircraft destroyed 6 other ships damaged 2,987 dead

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37

Saipan Campaign Japanese killed

29,000 dead military practically the entire contingent 5000 suicides 921 captured

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38

Saipan Campaign Civilians

1,000 suicides 22,000 total killed at least 1000 suicides

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39

American Saipan Campaign

3,426 killed 10,364 wounded

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40

Tinian Campaign Americans

326 killed 1593 wounded

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41

Tinian Campaign Japanese

5542 military killed 2265 killed 252 captured

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42

Tinian Campaign Japanese civilians

about 4,000 killed many suicides

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43

Guam Campaign Americans

1783 killed 6,010 wounded

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44

Guam Campaign Japanese

18,337 killed 1250 captured

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45

Guam Campaign Japanese civilians

600 killed

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46

General Orde Wingate

Led "Chindits" Raiders into several Burma jungle expeditions , conducting guerrilla warfare against the Japanese. Killed in air crash March, 1944

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47

Executive Order 9066

Authorized sending all Americans of Japanese descent to ten makeshift internment camps located in remote areas of the West.

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48

Korematsu decision

the Supreme Court upholding Executive Order 9066 as a blatant violation of constitutional rights as justified by military necessity

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49

Selective Service Act

to register men of military age who would be subject to a draft if the need arose. More than 16 million men and women served in uniform during the war two thirds of draftess were men.

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50

what group was segregated in its training camp

Only Black Americans were trained in different camps than other races

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51

War Production Board

was made of business leaders which set production priorities and pushed for maximum output.

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52

What was total cost of the war

306 billion dollars

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53

women during the war effort

women worked in the factories to produce wartime supplies they also continued to take care of children and consume fewer thing

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54

Rosie the Riveter

was an advertised women who worked in the factories to make the material for war

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55

Double V Campaign

seeking victory over our enemies at home and battlefields

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56

A. Philip Randolph

the head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car porters promised that 100,000 African Americans would descend on Washington if the president did not eliminate discrimination in defense industries

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57

excutive order 8802

authorized the committee on Fair employment practices to investigate and prevent racial discrimination in employment

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58

How many race riots in 1943

242

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59

How many African Americans migrated from the South in the 1940s

5.5 million

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60

GI Bill of Rights

gave military veterans government funds for education housing health care and provided loans to help them start businesses and buy homes

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61

1944 Election

Dewey (R) vs. FDR(D, Winner)

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62

Allied reaction during the war reports of the Holocaust

Nothing and also refused to give asylum to Jewish refugees, and most thought the reports were being exaggerated 11 million die during the Holocaust

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63

Manhattan Project

find a way to convert nuclear energy into a superbomb before the Germans added such a weapon to their arsenal

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64

Who lead the Manhattan Project?

J. Robert Oppenheimer

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65

Paul Tibbets

Pilot of the Enola Gay

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66

Enola Gay

Airplane that dropped the first nuclear bomb on Hiroshima

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67

Tinian Island

the island the Enola Gay took off of to bomb Japan

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68

Where was the first atomic bomb dropped?

New Mexico trinity dessert

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69

Where was the headquarters for Manhattan project

Los Almos

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70

what famous scientist persuaded to write FDR about the bomb

Albert Einstein

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71

regarding the bomb Postdam Conference

told both Stalin and Churchill that we had the weapon and were willing to use against the Japanese

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72

Japanese Ichigo Offensive

destruction of Chinese air bases around Kunming and morale problems with Chiangs troops

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73

Stilwell

He became the top American general charged with improving Chinese fighting capacty Chiang disliked and distrusted

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74

Chennault

Leader of the Flying Tigers Chinag liked him more than Stilwell

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75

Albert Wedemeyer

Replaces Stilwell after Chiang complains to Roosevelt

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76

Dixie Mission

US visit to Yan'an in July 1944. The Communists pulled out all the stops and put on a good show. The visiting Americans did not see the dark side of Yan'an. They were impressed by the contrast between the rampant corruption in Nationalist China and the high morale and competence of the CCP. This tempered their support for the GMD after the war.

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77

what does Chiang use his best troops to do

blockade the Japanese claims that Americans will defeat Japanese

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78

Cario Conference

Allies declare that China will recover all territories since 1895 and Korea will be independent outlined the Allied position against the Empire of Japan and made the decisions about postwar Asia

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79

what battle reopens the Burma Road

The battle of Imphal

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80

Barbara Tuchman

Stilwell and the American Experience in China

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81

Claire Chennault's book

The Way of a fighter

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82

Sterling Seagrave

The Soong Dynasty

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83

Theodore White

Thunder Out of China

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84

Yu Maochun

OSS in china Prelude to Cold War

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85

Albert Wedemeyer book

Wedemeyer reports

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86

Doris Kearns Goodwin

No Ordinary Time

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87

Robert Sherwood

Roosevelt and Hopkins

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88

Frank Freidel

Franklin D Roosevelt

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89

Roger Daniels

The Decision to Relocate the Japanese Americans The Japanese American Cases Prisoners without Trial

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90

Morton Louis

The Fall of the Philippines

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91

Smith Robert Ross

The Approach to the Philippines Triumph in the Philippines

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92

Cannon M. Hamlin

Leyte: The Return to the Philippines

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93

The first Kamikaze attacks happens here

Leyte Gulf

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94

how kamikazes happen in the war

2000

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95

What was the only city fighting in the Pacific theater

Manila

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96

how many United States soldiers died in the battle of Manila

1,010 wounded 5,565

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97

How many Filipinos civilians were killed

at least 100,000

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98

How many Japanese died during battle of Manila

16,665

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99

Japan's victory operation

Their naval plan of attack at the Philippines that created the battle of Leyte Gulf failed and took serious losses to the rest of their surface fleet

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100

aftermath of Leyte Gulf

The Imperial Japanese Navy had all but ceased to exist as an offensive force

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