CLA 10 exam 2

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Prophecy

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265 Terms

1

Prophecy

What was Apollo’s power of language?

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2

Trickery

What was Hermès’ power of language?

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3

Far-Shooter

Apollo is also known as ______ - _____________

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4

Trickstar

Hermes is also know as ____________

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5

Prophecy

Apollo is the god of what?

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6

Delos and Delphi

Where are Apollo’s temples?

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7

Near Eastern

Apollo is a deity with _______ __________ origins

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8

attributes, Apollo

These are all __________ of _____________?

-long-haired

-beardless youth

-bows and arrows

-tripod (oracle)

-lyre from Hermes

-laurel crown

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9

Apollo’s Influence

These are all areas of _______ ___________?

-“he who shouts from afar”

-archery, not not hunting

-plague

-medicine and healing

-prophecy and oracles

-music (played on lyre)

-poetry

-reason

-light (Phoebus)

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10

Leto and Zeus

Who are Apollo’s parents?

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11

Delos

Which region becomes major meeting point of the mid- Aegean thanks to Apollo’s Shrine?

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12

Coronis

Apollo had a biological child with ________ and while she was pregnant, she cheated on him

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13

Asclepius

Who is the child of Coronis and Apollo?

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14

Chiron

Who cared for Asclepius, hint: he’s a centaur?

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15

Artemis

Who was sent to kill Coronis?

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16

Hermes

Who was sent to remove Asclepius from his mother so that he would survive?

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17

Asclepius

Who presided over Epidaurus, which was the most renamed healing sanctuary in Greece?

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18

Cassandra

One of Apollo’s failed romances, given prophetic powers in exchange for sex, but then she denied the sex, became the Trojan prophet whose words no one believes

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19

Sibyl of Cumae

Another failed romance of Apollo:Given “as many years as grains of sand she could scoop up in her hands,” but she refused the sex, still got the years (but not the youth)

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20

Daphne

Which river nymph fled Apollo and was turned into a laurel tree by her father, the river god Peneus

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21

Laurel

What are crowns for victors made out of?

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22

Apollo

Which Greek god came to embody the Greek ideal of order against disorder and reason against unreason?

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23

Zeus and Maia

Who are Hermes’ parents?

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24

Arcadia

Hermes was born on Mt. Kyllene, which is in ___________, thus there are many shrines to him located them

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25

Herma

The directly translation of “he of the stone heap” is what?

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26

Travelers

Hermes is known as the protector of who?

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27

Messenger

Hermes is the primary _________ to the Olympians?

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28

Attributes, Hermes

These are all ___________ of _____________

• Traveler’s hat (cap)

• Winged sandals

• Caduceus

• 2 copulating snakes intertwined

• Often winged

• the emblem of the herald/messenger

• given by the healer Apollo

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29

Pschopompos

Hermes also guides souls to the underworld, what is the specific term for this?

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30

Herm

A column with a head and phallus

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31

Hermes

If a herm has an erect phallus, shows a human man (both beardless youth and bearded adult) and it is derived from piles of rocks, it is for who?

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32

Herms

These are all functions of what?

-fertility of goats, sheep and swine

-protection to ward off evil eye

-Boundary marker

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33

Inventions

The lyre, his sandals and the kindling of fire are all ____________ of Hermes when he was young

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34

50 cattle

What does Hermes steal from Apollo

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35

Hermes

won’t steal from brother, will oversee trading, gives brother Lyre

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36

Hermes

Will give brother a whip and his 50 cattle and a splendid staff

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37

Pythian Apollo

In Homeric hymns, Apollo is joined to who?

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38

Telphousa

Who discouraged the establishment of Apollo’s temple at Delphi

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39

Pytho

Who did Apollo slay on my. Parnassus

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40

Dolphin

What did Apollo appear as to the Cretans to lead them to Delphi to be stewards of his temple?

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41

Aphrodite

Who is the Greek goddess of sexual love?

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42

Ouranos

Aphrodite was born from the foam (Aphrodite) of whose genitals in the sea?

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43

Sweet desire

Overwhelming urges and passions

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44

Cyprus

“Cyprian” born there or first came ashore there, Aphrodite statue there

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45

Kythera

“Kytherea” also claimed Aphrodite

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46

Characteristic and power

These are the ____________ and ___________ of Aphrodite:

Struggle/violence/unpredicatability and

Desire/loveliness/creation

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47

Birds and eros

Aphrodite’s attributes are ______ and ______

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48

Cult titles

These are the _______ __________ of Aphrodite

-of the harbor

-Of all the people

-laughter loving, genital loving

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49

He

Aphrodite is married to who?

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50

What

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51

True or false, Aphrodite can cause

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52

Who are the three people that Aphro

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53

Anchises

Who was the mortal man that Zeus caused Aphrodite to desire as punishment for her induced affairs of immortals and mortals?

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54

Aeneas

Who was Aphrodite’s and Anchises’ mortal son?

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55

Ganymede and Zeus

• Father worried about Ganymede’s disappearance

• Comforted by Hermes’ message from Zeus and divine gifts

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56

Tithonos and Eos (Dawn)

• Dawn neglected to ask for youth

• Tithonos wasted away (cicada)

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57

Tree

Nymphs and ______ die together

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58

Hermaphoditus

•Child of Aphrodite and Hermes

• Nymph Salmacis would not let go

• They fused together

• Woman’s breasts & man’s genitals

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59

Priapus

Child of Aphrodite and Hermes (or Dionysus) and is associated with prosperity

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60

Apotropaic

Enormous penis wards off evil

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61

Priapism

A permanent penile erection

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62

Ishtar

-goddess of sexual love, fertility and war

-she is associated with doves and lions

-she is from the Ancinet Neat East and shares some aspects with Aphrodite

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63

Ishtar

Which god went to the underworld and was stripped and became diseased then all sexual activity on earth halted

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64

Dumuzi

What was the name of Ishtar’s lover, who took her place in underworld?

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65

Kurnugi

What is the name of the underworld in Akkadian/Babylonian tradition, it means the dark house

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66

Ereshkigal

Who is Ishtar’s sister and queen of the underworld?

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67

Good-looks the playboy

When Ishtar entered Kurnugi, Ea makes _______ -__________ ______ ____________

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68

Seasonal fertility

The story of Ishtar explains what?

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69

True

True or false, Dumuzi spent half of the year in underworld and half on earth

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70

Sympathies magic

Like action produces like result

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71

Ritual of “Sacred Marriage”

• A priest and priestess reenact the sex of Ishtar and Dumuzi

• Ritual to lead to rich natural harvest

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72

Kronos and Rhea

Who are Hades parents?

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73

Underworld

Hades is the god of the what?

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74

False

True or false, Hades is an Olympian?

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75

The invisable

What does Hades mean?

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76

A helmet

What gift makes Hades invisible

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77

Cyclopes

Who gave Hades an invisibility helmet?

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78

Persephone

Who is Hades married to?

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79

Childless

What type of marriage do Hades and Persephone have?

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80

Receiver of many

A name for Hades is “___________ ____ ________”

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81

No

Does Underworld = Tartarus

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82

No

Can Hades cause or prevent death

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83

Not honored

These are all reasons that Hades is _____ ________:

-He is not feared

-he does not demand the death of individuals

-he does not cause or prevent death

-he does not judge nor punish souls

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84

Going to the House of Hades

Another term for death was _________ ____ _____ ________ ____ ________

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85

Bleak

Greeks had a _________ conception of the afterlife

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86

Actions of life on Earth

Where was happiness to be found for Greeks?

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87

Another takes its place

What happens if a soul leaves the underworld?

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88

Breath of life

What is the soul associated with?

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89

Air-like

Greek believe that our soul retain an ______-______ nature after death

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90

Appearance and personality

Our souls retain ______________ and ___________ after death

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91

Proper burial rights

What do souls have to await before they can properly enter Hades

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92

Women

Who oversaw steps in funerary rights

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93

Prothesis

Laying out of the body

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94

Ekphora

Funeral procession

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95

Funeral games

What would be organized when an important person died

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96

Many rivers

What keeps souls from wandering back and keeps underworld very separate

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97

Charon

Who is the boatman that ferries people across the river and guards water to refuse passage to souls who want to return to the living

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98

Cerberus

Guards the entrance of the Underworld, number of head varies from 2 to 50

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99

The Athenian festival in Spring, strategy to appease ghost was to give them one night to mingle with living

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100

Minos

Who is arbiter of disputes in Hades, NOT eternal judgement

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