Chapter 13 - Digestive System

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Medicine

117 Terms

1

esophagus

tube that carries food into the stomach

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2

peristalsis

wavelike contractions of the digestive tract

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3

cecum

the appendix is attached to the

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4

liver

the hepatic portal system carries blood from the digestive tract to the

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5

gallbladder

organ that stores bile

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6

carbohydrates

bile aids in the digestion of

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7

liver

bile is produced by the

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8

small intestine

the duodenum, jejunum and ileum are part of the

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9

large intestine

the sigmoid colon, transverse colon and cecum are part of the

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10

mouth

stomatosis is any disease of the

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11

tongue and lips

the adjective glossolabial means

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12

jaw

the adjective gnathic means

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13

intrabuccal

term that means within the cheek

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14

sialography

radiographic study of the salivary glands

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15

roof of the mouth

the adjective palatine refers to the

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16

perioral

around the mouth

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17

glossopharyngeal

the salivary glands under the tongue

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18

hemiglossal

one-half of the tongue

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19

dentition

number and arrangement of the teeth

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20

gingivectomy

excision of gum tissue

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21

esophageal

the adjective for esophagus

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22

epigastric

region above the stomach

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23

pyloroplasty

plastic repair of the stomach's distal opening

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24

intestine

an enterovirus infects the

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25

duodenoscopy

endoscopic examination of the small intestine's first portion

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26

coloclysis

irrigation of the colon

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27

jejunostomy

surgical incision into the middle portion of the small intestine

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28

ileitis

inflammation of the ileum

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29

cecorrhaphy

cecum is sutured

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30

proctopexy

surgical fixation of the rectum

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31

hepatomegaly

enlargement of the liver

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32

cholelithotripsy

crushing of a gallstone

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33

common bile duct

the adjective choledochal refers to the

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34

cholangiography

radiographic study of the bile ducts

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35

cholemesis

vomiting of bile

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36

hepatotropic

substance that acts on the liver

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37

pancreatolysis

pancreatic tissue is destroyed

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38

cholangitis

inflammation of a bile duct

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39

pancreatolith

pancreatic calculus

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40

gallbladder

the cholecyst is the

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41

ascites

accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

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42

jaundice

icterus is also called

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43

diverticulitis

inflammation of the small pouches in the wall of the colon

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44

intestinal bleeding

occult blood is a sign of

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45

chewing

mastication is

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46

cardia

part of the stomach near the esophagus

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47

cachexia

profound malnutrition and wasting

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48

caries

tooth decay

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49

gavage

feeding through an NG tube

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50

nasogastric

NG stands for

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51

radiographic studies

BE, ERCP and UGI are

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52

fed intravenously

in TPN a patient is

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53

pepsin and HCl

the main digestive secretions produced in the stomach

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54

pylorus

lower portion of the stomach

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55

fats

bile is needed to digest

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56

blood to liver

the hepatic portal system carries

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57

rectum

the portion of the large intestine between the sigmoid colon and the anus

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58

villi

projections in the lining of the small intestine

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59

gums

the term gingiva refers to the

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60

cheeck

buccal irritation involves the

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61

tongue

the root gloss/o and lingu/o refer to the

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62

gallbladder

the cystic duct is associated with the

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63

intestinal obstruction

intussusception, volvulus and ileus are forms of

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64

inflammatory bowel disease

Crohn disease is a form of

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65

biliary disease

jaundice is a symptom of

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66

vomiting

emesis is

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67

anastomosis

communication between two structures

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68

peritoneum

large serous membrane in the abdominal cavity

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69

peristalsis

food is moved through the digestive tract by

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70

bile

the gallbladder stores and concentrates

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71

bicarbonate

stomach acid is neutralized in the small intestine by

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72

cholelith

a stone in the gallbladder

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73

peritonitis

inflammation of the inner surface of the abdominal wall is

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74

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

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75

GERD

heartburn, regurgitation and gastric inflammation are signs of

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76

cecopexy

surgical fixation of the cecum

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77

ka

Which syllable has the primary accent in mastication

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78

se

Which syllable has the primary accent in celiac

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79

ti

Which syllable has the primary accent in cholecystitis

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80

thi

Which syllable has the primary accent in cholelithiasis

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81

li

Which syllable has the primary accent in diverticulitis

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82

fis

Which syllable has the primary accent in fistula

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83

je

Which syllable has the primary accent in gastroesophageal

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84

mo

Which syllable has the primary accent in anastomosis

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85

meg

Which syllable has the primary accent in hepatomegaly

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86

ik

Which syllable has the primary accent in icterus

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87

hepatocyte

a liver cell is a

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88

appendix

lymphoid tissue attached to the cecum

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89

cheek

bucc/o

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90

teeth

dent/o

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91

gum

gingiv/o

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92

tongue

gloss/o, lingu/o

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93

jaw

gnath/o

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94

lip

labi/o

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95

mouth

or/o, stoma

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96

palate

palat/o

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97

salivary gland

sial/o

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98

uvula

uvul/o

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99

esophagus

esphag/o

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100

stomach

gastr/o

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