Anatomy Chapter 20

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

neck

1 / 105

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

106 Terms

1

neck

region of the body between the head and the thorax

New cards
2

8

number of bones in the neck

New cards
3

CV1-7, hyoid bone

bones in the neck

New cards
4

hyoid bone

bone on the anterior portion of the neck between the mandible and the larynx

New cards
5

open posteriorly

open region of the hyoid bone

New cards
6

body

anterior part of the hyoid bone

New cards
7

greater and lesser horns

project posteriorly from the back of the hyoid bone

New cards
8

larynx

cartilaginous organ located at the upper end of the trachea

New cards
9

thyroid cartilage

largest of the larynx cartilages

New cards
10

trachea

cartilagenous pipe that extends inferiorly from the larynx and above inferiorly through the neck and the thorax

New cards
11

thyroid gland

endocrine gland located on either side of the trachea just below the larynx

New cards
12

isthmus

region of the thyroid connecting the 2 lobes in front of the trachea

New cards
13

parathyroid gland

2-4 endocrine glands located on the posterior surface of the thyroid glands

New cards
14

superior and inferior thyroid arteries

arteries suppling the thyroid and parathyroid glands

New cards
15

platysma

wide subcutaneous muscle

New cards
16

skin over the deltoid and pectoralis major muscles

platysma origin

New cards
17

lower border of the mandible

platysma insertion

New cards
18

elevation of the skin of the neck

platysma action

New cards
19

CN VII, facial nerve

platysma innervation

New cards
20

sternal head: manubrium of the sternum

clavicular head: medial third of the clavicle

sternocleidomastoid origin

New cards
21

mastoid process of the skull

sternocleidomastoid insertion

New cards
22

unilateral: rotation of the head to the opposite side

bilateral: flexion of the head at the neck

sternocleidomastoid action

New cards
23

CN XI, accessory nerve

sternocleidomastoid innervation

New cards
24

thyrohyoid, sternohyoid, sternothyroid, omohyoid

infrahyoid muscles (strap muscles)

New cards
25

infrahyoid muscles

strap muscles

New cards
26

thyroid cartilage

thyrohyoid origin

New cards
27

hyoid bone

thyrohyoid insertion

New cards
28

elevation of the larynx during speech and swallowing

depression of the hyoid during speech and swallowing

thyrohyoid action

New cards
29

C1 via CN XII, hypoglossal nerve

thyrohyoid innervation

New cards
30

manubrium of the sternum

sternohyoid origin

New cards
31

hyoid bone

sternohyoid insertion

New cards
32

depression of the larynx and hyoid during speech and swallowing

sternohyoid action

New cards
33

ansa cervicalis

sternohyoid innervation

New cards
34

manibruim of the sternum

sternothyroid origin

New cards
35

thyroid cartilage

sternothyroid insertion

New cards
36

depression of the larynx and hyoid during speech and swallowing

sternothyroid action

New cards
37

ansa cervicalis

sternothyroid innervation

New cards
38

superior border of the scapula

omohyoid origin

New cards
39

hyoid bone

omohyoid insertion

New cards
40

depression of the larynx and hyoid during speech and swallowing

omohyoid action

New cards
41

depression of the larynx and hyoid during speech and swallowing

omohyoid action

New cards
42

digastric, stylohyoid, mylohyoid, geniohyoid

suprahyoid muscles

New cards
43

scalene anterior, scalene medius, scalene posterior

scalene muscles

New cards
44

cervical vertebrae

scalene anterior origin

New cards
45

first rib

scalene anterior insertion

New cards
46

lateral flexion of the neck

elevation of the first rib

scalene anterior action

New cards
47

ventral rami

scalene anterior innveration

New cards
48

cervical vertebrae

scalene medius origin

New cards
49

first rib

scalene medius insertion

New cards
50

1st rib

scalene medius insertion

New cards
51

venral rami

scalene medius innervation

New cards
52

cervical vertebrae

scalene posterior origin

New cards
53

second rib

scalene posterior insertion

New cards
54

lateral flexion of the neck

elevation of the 2nd rib

scalene posterior action

New cards
55

ventral rami

scalene posterior innervation

New cards
56
  • phrenic nerve

  • vagus nerve

  • common carotid artery, internal caroid

  • internal jugular vein

  • subclavian vein

structures anterior to the scalene aterior

New cards
57
  • subclavian artery

  • brachial plexus

structures posterior to the scalene anterior

New cards
58

longus capitis, longus cervicis (colli)

prevertebral muscles

New cards
59
  • scalene anterior (anterior boundary)

  • scalene medius (posterior)

  • first rib (inferior)

scalene triangle

New cards
60

cervical plexus

spinal nerve plexus formed by the ventral rami of C1-C4, arranged as irregular series of loops from which branches arise

New cards
61

cervical plexus

branches supply the scalene and the pre-vertebral muscles

New cards
62

phrenic nerve and ansa carvicalis

branches of the cervical plexus

New cards
63

phrenic nerve

arises from ventral ramus of C4 (C3 and C5)

New cards
64

phrenic nerve

courses through the neck anterior to the scalene anterior, through the thorax anterior to the root of the lung

New cards
65

diaphragm

innervated by the phrenic nerve

New cards
66

ansa cervicalis

loop of nervous tissue that lies anterior to the carotid sheath

New cards
67

superior root and inferior root

2 roots of the ansa cervicalis

New cards
68

superior root of the ansa cervicalis

connects with the hypoglossal nerve

New cards
69

C1

what the superior root is derived from

New cards
70

C2 and C3

what the inferior root of the ansa cervicalis is derived from

New cards
71

ansa cervicalis

supplies all infrahyoid muscles except the thyrohyoid

New cards
72

lesser occipital, great auricular, transverse cervical, supraclavicular

superficial branches of the cervical plexus that supply the neck and superior chest

New cards
73

vagus nerve

CN X

New cards
74

vagus nerve

arises from the brain

New cards
75

vagus nerve

courses through

  • foramen in the base of the skull

  • neck in the carotid sheath

  • thorax posterior to the root of the lung

  • courses through the opening of the diaphragm and enters the abdomen, where it supplies the abdominal organs

New cards
76

sympathetic truck

part of autonomic NS

New cards
77

neck, posterior to the carotid sheath

location of the sympathetic trunk

New cards
78

common carotid arteries (and branches)

subclavian arteries (and branches)

subclavian veins

jugular veins

blood vessels of the neck

New cards
79

brachiocephalic trunk

left common carotid artery

left subclavian artery

3 main branches of the arch of the aorta

New cards
80

right subclavian artery

right common carotid artery

branch off from the brachiocephalic trunk

New cards
81

brachiacephalic thrunk

generally supply the upper limbs and the carotid arteries supply the head and the neck

New cards
82

brachiocephalic trunk

where the right common carotid artery arises from

New cards
83

arch of the aorta

where the left common carotid artery arises from

New cards
84

carotid arteries

ascend through the neck in its respective carotid sheath

New cards
85

carotid arteries

terminates at the upper border of the respective side of thyroid cartilage by dividing into its terminal branches

New cards
86

internal carotid artery

  • each artery ascends within its respective carotid sheath

  • each artery enters the cranial cavity through the carotid canal to supply the brain

  • does not give off any branches in the neck

New cards
87

external carotid artery

  • each artery ascends toward its respective artery

  • each artery gives off 8 named branches that supply all of the structures of the neck on its respective side

New cards
88

superior thyroid artery

the first branch of the external carotid artery

New cards
89

brachiocephalic trunk

branch where the right subclavian artery arises from

New cards
90

arch of the aorta

branch where the left subclavian artery arises from

New cards
91

subclavian arteries

course through the neck on its respective side posterior to the scalene anterior muscle

New cards
92

posterior

location of the subclavian arteries in reference to the scalene anterior muscle

New cards
93

axillary artery

name the subclavian artery takes after coursi

New cards
94

axillary artery

name of the subclavian artery after it the lateral border of the first rib

New cards
95

vertebral artery

one branch of the subclavian arteries

New cards
96

subclavian vein

arises as a continuation of its respective axillary vein at the lateral border of the first rib

New cards
97

subclavian vein

courses through its respective side of the neck anterior to the scalene anterior muscle, the muscle separates it from the respective subclavian artery

New cards
98

brachiocephalic vein

formed by the termination of the subclavian vein joining the internal jugular vein

New cards
99

external jugular vein

arises on respective side from veins draining the scalp and the face

New cards
100

external jugular vein

course superficially on respective side across the sternocleidomastoid

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 27 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 894 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(5)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard24 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard138 terms
studied byStudied by 53 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard23 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard116 terms
studied byStudied by 21 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard188 terms
studied byStudied by 26 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)