Unit 4 - Biochemistry (Schreiner)

studied byStudied by 1 person
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Polymer

1 / 205

Tags and Description

Biology

9th

206 Terms

1

Polymer

a large molecule made of of many smaller repeating repeating sub-units, called monomers, linked together.

New cards
2

single unit

Monomer

New cards
3

dehydration synthesis

the creation of larger molecules from smaller monomers where a water molecule is released (water waste product)

New cards
4

Hydrolysis

a chemical reaction in which water is used to break down a compound (water added in)

New cards
5

monosaccharide

glucose is a....

New cards
6

monosaccharide

fructose is a...

New cards
7

monosaccharide

galactose is a...

New cards
8

monosaccharide

Ribose is a...

New cards
9

monosaccharide

Deoxyribose is a...

New cards
10

Polysaccharide

A carbohydrate created when three or more monosaccharides are linked together ex. starches

New cards
11

disaccharide

A carbohydrate created when two monosaccharides are linked together

New cards
12

Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen (CHO)

What are the elements in carbohydrates?

New cards
13

1:2:1 (CHO)

What is the ratio of the elements in a carbohydrate?

New cards
14

disaccharide

lactose is a...

New cards
15

disaccharide

maltose is a...

New cards
16

disaccharide

sucrose is a...

New cards
17

polysaccharide

starch is a...

New cards
18

polysaccharide

cellulose is a...

New cards
19

polysaccharide

fiber is a...

New cards
20

polysaccharide

chitin is a...

New cards
21

polysaccharide

glycogen is a...

New cards
22

maltose

glucose+glucose=

New cards
23

sucrose

glucose+fructose=

New cards
24

lactose

glucose+galactose=

New cards
25

glycogen

humans use glucose (short term energy) to make long term energy storage aka...

New cards
26

cellulose/fiber

What 2 polysaccharides can humans not digest?

New cards
27

chitin

What is found in the exoskeletons of crabs/lobsters?

New cards
28

carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids

What are the 4 macromolecules?

New cards
29

2

How many electrons are present in one covalent bond?

New cards
30

the chemistry of life

What is biochemistry?

New cards
31

carbon/versatility

Every living or dead thing has_because of___.

New cards
32

CH4

methane molecular formula is...

New cards
33

C2H6

ethane molecular formula is...

New cards
34

C3H8

propane molecular formula is...

New cards
35

carbon chain

What is this?

New cards
36

carbon ring/aromatics

What is this?

New cards
37

1

a monomer can also be seen as _____ building block.

New cards
38

multiple

a polymer can also be seen as _____ building blocks.

New cards
39

polymers

a macromolecules are...

New cards
40

significant amounts of energy

C-H bonds store...

New cards
41

amino acids

polymer=proteins, then monomer=

New cards
42

carbohydrate

monomer=monosaccharides, then polymer=

New cards
43

nucleic acids

monomer=nucleotides, then polymer=

New cards
44

fatty acids and glycerol

polymer=lipids, then monomer=

New cards
45

dehydration synthesis

What is this?

New cards
46

hydrolysis

What is this?

New cards
47

glycosidic linkage (1-2)

The bond is sucrose is a...

New cards
48

6

Glucose is a ______ sided ring

New cards
49

5

Fructose is a _____ sided ring

New cards
50

DNA and RNA

The two nucleic acids are....

New cards
51

nucleotides

The monomers in nucleic acids are called...

New cards
52

RNA

What is this?

New cards
53

DNA

What is this?

New cards
54

nucleic acids

What is the macromolecule that is made up of DNA and RNA?

New cards
55

Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Phosphorus

What elements are found in nucleic acids?

New cards
56

To transmit hereditary information

What is the function of RNA and DNA?

New cards
57

nucleotide

What is this?

New cards
58

short term energy

What is the function of a carbohydrate?

New cards
59

monosaccharide

What is this?

New cards
60

cell

DNA is sometimes referred to as the "hard drive of the______"

New cards
61

proteins

DNA contains information for making__________.

New cards
62

nucleus

DNA is stored and stays in the _________.

New cards
63

move around

What can RNA do that DNA can't do in the cell?

New cards
64

shorter

Is RNA shorter or longer than DNA?

New cards
65

master blueprint

DNA is the ________ meaning it can't afford to be damaged.

New cards
66

disposable blueprint

RNA is the ______ meaning it's okay if it's damaged.

New cards
67

proteins

RNA has lots of jobs related to making ____________.

New cards
68

make exact copies of themselves

Both DNA and RNA can _________.

New cards
69

nucleotides

Both DNA and RNA are repeating subunits of ___________.

New cards
70

pentose sugar (5C)

What type of sugar is found in a nucleotide?

New cards
71

nitrogenous base

What type of base in a nucleotide?

New cards
72

DNA

This indicates this is part of a nucleotide that makes up......

New cards
73

RNA

This indicates this is part of nucleotide that makes up.....

New cards
74

phosphate group

Other than the sugar and the base, what else is found in a nucleotide?

New cards
75

nitrogenous bases

What are these?

New cards
76

phosphate group

What is this?

New cards
77

water

What is released when two nucleotides are linked together?

New cards
78

phosphodiester bond

What links together these two nucleotides after dehydration synthesis was performed?

New cards
79

joins the sugar-phosphate backbone

What part of the two nucleotides does the phosphodiester bond connect and therefore create in DNA and RNA?

New cards
80

purines

What are these?

New cards
81

Pyrimidines

What are these?

New cards
82

A and G

What bases are purines?

New cards
83

T, U, C

What bases are pyrimidines?

New cards
84

DNA and RNA

Where can G, A, and C bases be found?

New cards
85

RNA

What is Uracil (U) exclusive to?

New cards
86

DNA

What is Thymine (T) exclusive to?

New cards
87

Adenine

A=

New cards
88

Guanine

G=

New cards
89

Cytosine

C=

New cards
90

Thymine

T=

New cards
91

Uracil

U=

New cards
92

U bases(RNA) and T bases(DNA)

What do A bases pair with?

New cards
93

C bases

What bases do G bases pair with?

New cards
94

2

How many rings do purines have?

New cards
95

1

How many rings do pyrimidines have?

New cards
96

double

Is DNA double or single stranded?

New cards
97

single

Is RNA double or single stranded?

New cards
98

DNA

Which type of nucleic acid is less resistant to UV damage?

New cards
99

weak bonds

Nitrogenous bases are....

New cards
100

strong bonds

The sugar-phosphate backbone has....

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 84 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(4)
note Note
studied byStudied by 40 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(4)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 106 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 25 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard24 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard32 terms
studied byStudied by 19 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard55 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard20 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard46 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard21 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)