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state governments

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115 Terms

1

state governments

government that controls a subdivision of a country in a federal form of government

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2

Americas population

319 Millon

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3

the 4 main Differences Among the States

  • The size of the state

  • The history of the state

  • The people who live in the state

  • The economy of the state

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4

what is the smallest state

Rhode Island

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5

when did Texas become a state

1845

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6

what is Texas tea

petroleum

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7

what dose bicameral mean

a legislative branch with two houses which normally consist of a Senate and House of Representatives

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8

which state doesn’t have bicameral

Nebraska

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9

what is the executive branch

the branch of government charged with the execution and enforcement of laws and policies and the administration of public affairs, the executive.

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10

standing committee

A committee permanently established by the House or Senate

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11

Decorum

Orderliness, polite behavior, and good taste in conduct

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12

Task Force

A committee that investigates and recommends legislation on a specific issue, such as education

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13

Precedent

An act or decision that serves as an example or model in the future

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14

Breach

The breaking or violation of an obligation

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15

Autonomy

The state of being self-governing

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16

Bureaucracies

Organizations designed to handle complex tasks efficiently

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17

Hot-Button issue

an issue that people generally feel strongly about on one side or the other

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18

Census

An official counting of a population

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19

Judicial Branch

The branch of government made up of courts

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20

Apportionment

The number of representatives each state is allowed in Congress, based on population

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21

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

An agency whose mission is to support the president and the National Security Council

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22

Courts of Limited Jurisdiction

Includes small-claims, traffic, family, and juvenile courts

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23

Bureaucracy

Way of organizing work efficiently by assigning specialized tasks

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24

Roe v. Wade (1973)

The Supreme Court decision that gave women the legal right to seek an abortion

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25

Supreme Court

The court of last appeal

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26

E Pluribus Unum

“Out of many, one”

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27

District Courts

Federal trial courts

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28

Department of Interior

Protects natural resources and administer federal lands

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29

Department of Labor

Deals with unemployment, minimum wage, and job discrimination

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30

Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

The Supreme Court decision that requires criminal suspects to be informed of their constitutional rights when they’re arrested

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31

US Supreme Court

The highest court of the land

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32

Levy

To impose taxes

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33

Tariff

A tax on goods that one nation (or state) buys from another nation (or state)

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34

Interstate Trade

Trade from one state to another

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35

Export

A product taken from one country to another for the purpose of trade

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36

Delegate

A person who represents others at a meeting

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37

Ratification

The process of approving something by a vote

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38

Legislative Branch

The part of a government that makes the laws of the country or state

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39

Quorum

The number of members that must be present to conduct business

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40

Impeachment

The process by which a government leader is charged with a crime

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41

Capital Crime

A crime that’s punishable by death

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42

Repeal

To end or remove a law

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43

Great Seal of the Republic

Used to authenticate certain documents issued by the US federal government

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44

Three Main Sections of the Constitution

Preamble, articles, and amendments

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45

Bill of Rights

First 10 amendments to the Constitution

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46

Judicial Review

The power to interpret the Constitution

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47

Article IV of the Constitution

Relations between the states

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48

The First Amendment

Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition

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49

Fourth Amendment

Protection from illegal search

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50

Second Amendment

Right to bear arms

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51

Sixth Amendment

Right to due process

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52

Tenth Amendment

Powers not given to the federal government are reserved to the states

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53

Thirteenth Amendment

Abolished slavery

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54

Nineteenth Amendment

Women's right to vote

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55

Twenty-Sixth Amendment

Lowered voting age to 18

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56

Checks and Balances

Controls given to one branch of government to limit the power of another branch

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57

Popular Sovereignty

Rule by the people

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58

Marbury v. Madison

Established the right of the Supreme Court to overturn laws deemed unconstitutional

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59

Plessy v. Ferguson

The Supreme Court declared the "separate but equal" doctrine

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60

Brown v. Education

Made school segregation illegal

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61

Three-Fourths of the State Legislatures

What an amendment to the Constitution can be ratified by

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62

Strong Central Government

Proposed by John Dickinson; giving power to levy taxes and control the western lands, with all states equally represented in the government

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63

George Washington

First commander of Continental Army

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64

French and Indian War

Began in 1754; the French and Indians fought together against the British, who captured the French cities of Montreal and Quebec

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65

First Continental Congress

The 1774 meeting in Philadelphia of delegates from every colony except Georgia; dealt with problems with Great Britain, including taxation

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66

Declaratory Act

Gave Great Britain the right to force any law on the colonies

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67

John Winthrop

Chosen by the Massachusetts Bay Company to be colonial governor; created a colonial legislature

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68

Confirmation of Charters

A document stating that taxes could be levied only by approval of Parliament.

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69

House of Commons

Elects the prime minister and acts as the legislative body that debates and passes laws

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70

Baron

Nobles; were taxed by King John before the Magna Carta

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71

Magna Carta

A document that changed the nature of government in England

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72

Legislature

Center of representative democracy

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73

Division of Labor

The way all jobs in modern society are connected

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74

Direct Democracy

All citizens have a vote in all decisions

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75

Representative Democracy

People participating in the decision-making through an elected representative

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76

Social Class

A group of people with similar positions in society

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77

Artisans

People who make things that people need—like pots, weapons, and bricks for building

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78

Immigrant

A person who goes from one country to another for the purpose of taking up permanent residence

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79

Bill of Rights

A statement of the rights and liberties of a group of people

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80

Government

One or more people who exercise control over a society

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81

Surplus

An extra amount

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82

Society

A group of people who live and work in a particular area

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83

Agricultural Revolution

A type of farming that produces surpluses of food

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84

Ratify

To approve by a vote

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85

Mercenary

A soldier paid to fight for another country

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86

Prime Minister

Political leader of the United Kingdom

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87

Indentured Servants

Immigrants who paid for their passage into North America by working for an employer for a set number of years

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88

Mayflower Compact

Allowed the Pilgrims to establish laws based on a majority vote

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89

Totalitarian

When a political leader has total control of the government and the people

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90

Absolute Monarchy

Governments ruled by emperors, kings, or queens who have absolute power

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91

Sovereign

A country or state having the power to govern itself fully

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92

Cultural Diversity

A region populated by people from different places who have different customs

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93

Boycott

A protest against a group or nation in which people refuse to buy goods from that group or nation

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94

Tolerance

Respecting the faiths or beliefs of others

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95

Regime

A system of government—but the term is often used to refer to a dictatorial or totalitarian government

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96

Legislature

A group of people who propose, debate, and pass laws, such as a state or federal legislative body

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97

Intolerance

The practice of condemning the religious practices or beliefs of others

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98

New World

The land on which the new colonies were settled

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99

Raw Materials

Goods used in the production or manufacture of products

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100

Democracy

Government by the people

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