Ch. 10

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Skeletal

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Tags and Description

125 Terms

1

Skeletal

(striated) for voluntary movement (walking, talking, etc.)

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2

Smooth

for involuntary movement (digestion, vessel constriction, etc.)

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3

Cardiac

for heart contraction needed to propel blood through the vascular system

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4

muscle CF

muscul/o, my/o

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5

smooth (involuntary) muscle CF

leio/my/o

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6

striated (voluntary) muscle CF

rhabdo/my/o

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7

tendon CF

ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o

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8

Flexion

action of bending a joint

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9

Extension

opposite of flexion

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10

Fascia

fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscles

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11

(hematopoiesis

production of blood cells)

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12

Crani/o

cranium, skull

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13

Frontal

forehead

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14

Temporal

side of skull

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15

Occipital

back of skull

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16

Parietal

upper side & roof

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17

Maxilla

upper jaw

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18

Mandible

lower jaw

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19

Zygomatic bone

cheek bones

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20

Sinus

cavity located within cranial & facial bones

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21

Fontanel

soft spot in skull of infants

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22

Stern/o

sternum

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23

Cost/o

ribs

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24

Chondr/o

cartilage

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25

xiphoid process

bottom of sternum

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26

Vertebr/o, spondyl/o

vertebrae (backbone)

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27

Cervic/o

neck

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28

Thorac/o

chest

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29

Lumb/o

lumbar

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30

Sacrum

five fused vertebrae, part of pelvis

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31

Coccyx

tailbone

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32

Lower leg bones

tibi/o, fibul/o

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33

Thigh bone

femor/o

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34

Knee cap

patell/o

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35

Heel bone

calcane/o

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36

Ankle bone

tars/o

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37

Foot bones

metatars/o

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38

Toe bones

phalang/o

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39

Pelvis

pelv/o

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40

Upper hip bones

ili/o

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41

Lower hip bones

ischi/o

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42

Anterior part of pelvis

pub/o

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43

Upper arm bone

humer/o

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44

Lower arm bones

ulna, radius (radi/o)

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45

Wrist bones

carp/o

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46

Hand bones

metacarp/o

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47

Finger bones

phalang/o

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48

Collar bone

clavicle (clavic/o)

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49

Shoulder blade scapula (scapul/o)

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50

Ankyl/o

stiffness; bent, crooked

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51

Arthr/o

joint

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52

Brachi/o

arm

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53

Dactyl/o

fingers, toes (this is the structure as a whole, where as plangio is the bone)

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54

Fasci/o

fascia (membrane that surrounds bones)

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55

Fibr/o

fiber, fibrous tissue

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56

Kyph/o

humpback

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57

Lamin/o

lamina (part of vertebra)

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58

Lord/o

curve, swayback

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59

Myel/o

bone marrow, spinal cord

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60

Orth/o

straight

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61

Oste/o

bone

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62

Ped/o, pedi/o, pod/o

foot, child

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63

Scoli/o

crooked, bent

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64

Synov/o

synovial fluid, membrane

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65

-asthenia

weakness, debility

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66

-clasia, -clast

to break; surgical fracture

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67

-desis

binding, fixation (or a bone or joint)

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68

-malacia

softening

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69

-porosis

porous

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70

-sarcoma

malignant tumor of connective tissue

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71

a-

without, not

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72

dys-

bad, painful

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73

syn-

union, together, joined

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74

Periosteum

membrane covering surface of bone

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75

Ligaments

connective tissue that binds bones to other bones

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76

Tendons

connective tissue that binds muscle to bone

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77

Cartilage

connective tissue that is more rigid than ligaments, less rigid than bone.

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78

Orthopedist

physician who specializes in musculoskeletal disorders

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79

Closed (simple)

break with no external skin wound

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80

Open (compound)

break with external wound that leads to the fracture site and a piece of bone protruding through the skin

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81

Complicated

broken bone injures an internal organ, such as the lung

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82

Comminuted

bone broken or splintered into pieces

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83

Impacted

broken ends of bones jammed together by the force of the injury

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84

Incomplete

fracture line does not include the whole bone

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85

Greenstick

break in which bone is partially bent and split, which occurs most commonly in children.

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86

Collesbreak

in lower end of radius, which commonly occurs when the wrist is extended to break a fall

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87

Fracture

Break or crack in a bone

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88

Arthritis

inflammation of a joint (pain, swelling, deformity)

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89

Osteoarthritis also known as _______________________

degenerative joint disease (DJD)

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90

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

autoimmune disorder where body attacks own tissue, deformed hand

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91

Degenerative joint disease (DJD)

commonly in old people

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92

Gout

Arthritis caused by excess uric acid in blood

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93

Bunion (hallux valgus)

Deformity characterized by painful, bony bump and deviation of the great toe.

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94

Osteomyelitis

Acute or chronic infection of the bone & marrow

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95

Herniated disk

Protrusion, or herniation, of the nucleus pulposus (gelatinous material at the center of the intervertebral disk) between two vertebrae

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96

Laminectomy

treatment of herniated disk, remove lamina to take pressure off nerve root

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97

Scoliosis

lateral curvature (right or left)

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98

Kyphosis

curvature of upper spine, "humpback or hunchback"

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99

Lordosis

inward curvature of lower spine, "swayback"

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100

Sprain

overstretching or tearing of ligaments

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