HOSA Cultural Diversity and Disparities in Healthcare 1

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aberglaubish or aberglobin

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Medicine

526 Terms

1

aberglaubish or aberglobin

traditional German term for the "evil eye"

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2

acculturation

process of adapting to another culture; to acquire the majority group's culture

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3

acupuncture

traditional Chinese medical way of restoring the balance of yin and yang that is based on the therapeutic value of cold...cold is used in disease where there is excess of yang

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4

ageism

being against people of a certain age

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5

alcoholismo

alcoholism

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6

alien

every person applying for entry into the US, anyone who is not a US citizen

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7

allopathic philosophy

health beliefs and practices that are derived from current scientific models and involve the use of technology and other modalities of present day health care, like immunization, proper nutrition, and resuscitation

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8

allopathy

the treatment of a disease by using remedies that can cause the opposite effects of the disease

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9

alternative health system

a system of health care a person may use that is not predicated within his or her traditional culture but is not allopathic

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10

amulet

object with magical powers, like a charm, worn on a string or chain around the neck, wrist, or waist to protect the wearer from both physical and psychic illness, harm, and misfortune

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11

anamnesis

traditional Chinese medical way of diagnosing a health problem by asking questions

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12

apparel

traditional clothing worn by people for cultural or religious beliefs on a daily basis, such as head coverings

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13

aromatherapy

ancient science that uses essential plant oils to produce strong physical and emotional effects in the body

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14

assimilation

to become absorbed into another culture and to adopt its characteristics; to develop a new cultural identity -a gradual loss of their culture to the dominant culture -cultural, marital, primary structure (warm relationships, personal interaction in home, church, and social groups) and secondary structure (nondiscriminatory sharing, cold, impersonal nature between groups in settings like school and work)

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15

ataque de nervios

an attack of nerves, or a nervous breakdown

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16

ayurvedic

"life knowledge", 4,000 year old method of healing originating in India -for longevity and quality of life -the most ancient medical system that uses diet, natural therapies, and herbs

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17

balance (or equilibrium)

each aspect of the person, physcial, mental, and spiritual, carries equal magnitude

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18

bankes

small, bell-shaped glass that is used to create a vacuum, placed on a person's chest to loosen chest secretions

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19

biofeedback

the use of an electronic machine to measure skin temperatures; the pt controls responses that are usually involuntary

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20

biological variations

differences that exist among races and ethnic groups in body structure, skin color, biochemical differences, susceptibility to disease, and nutritional differences

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21

borders

legal, geographic separations between nations

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22

botanica

traditional Hispanic pharmacy where amulets, herbal remedies, books, candles, and statues of saints may be purchased

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23

bruja

a witch

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24

caida de la mollera

fallen fontanel, traditional Hispanic belief that the fontanel falls if the baby's head is touched

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25

celos

jealousy

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26

charm

objects that combine the functions of both amulets and talismans but are only written words or symbols

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27

Chinese doctor

physician educated in China who used traditional herbs, etc in health care

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28

chiropractic

a form of health care that believes in the use of energy to treat diseases

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29

complementary medicine

tx modalities used to compliment allopathic regimens

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30

citizen of the US

native born or born to a US citizen, or a naturalized person

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31

conjure

to effect magic

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32

coraje

rage

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33

culture

nonphysical traits, such as values, beliefs, attitudes, and customs, that are shared by a group of people and passed from one generation to the next; a metacommunication system

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34

culture shock

disorder in response to transition from one culture to another

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35

curandera(o)

traditional Hispanic holistic healer

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36

curing

2d phenomenon that results in ridding the body and/or mind of given disease

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37

decoction

a simmered tea made from the bark, root, see, or berry of a plant

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38

demographic disparity

variation below the % of the profile of the total population with a specific entity, such as poverty or nursing

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39

demographic parity

= distribution of given entity and demographic profile of total population

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40

demographics

the population profile of the nation, state, county, or local city/town

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41

demography

the statistical study of populations, like ages, sexes, and population densities

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42

determinism

believing that life is under a person's control

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43

disadvantaged background

both educational and economic factors that act as barriers to an individual's participation in health

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44

discrimination

denying people equal opportunity by acting on a prejudice

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45

divination

traditional American Indian practice of calling on spirits or other forces to determine diagnosis

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46

duklij

a turquoise or green malachite amulet that may be used among American Indians to ward off evil spirits

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47

dybbuk

wandering, disembodied soul that enters another person's' body and holds fast

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48

emerging majority

people of color (blacks, asians, pacific islanders, american indians, eskimos, aleuts and hispanics) expected to make a new majority of the American population by 2020

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49

emic

person's way of describing an action or event, an inside view

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50

empacho

traditional Hispanic belief that a ball of food is stuck in stomach

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51

envidia

traditional Hispanic belief that the envy of other can be the cause of illness or bad luck

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52

ethnicity

cultural group's sense of identification associated with the group's common social and cultural heritage

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53

ethnocentrism

tendency of members of one cultural group to view members of another in terms of standards and as inferior to their own

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54

ethnomedicine

health beliefs and practices of indigenous cultural deveopment

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55

etic

the interpretation of an event by someone who is not experiencing the event, an outside view

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56

evil eye

belief that someone can project harm by gazing or staring at another's property or person

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57

excessism

desiring to live with numerous possessions and material goods

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58

exorcism

ceremonious expulsion of an evil spirit from a person

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59

faith

strong beliefs in a religious or spiritual philosophy

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60

fatalism

believing that life is not under a person's control

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61

fatigue

asthma-like symptoms

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62

folklore

body of preserved traditions, usually oral, consisting of beliefs, stories and associated info of people

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63

fundamentalism

strict belief in the traditions of a heritage

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64

garments

sacred clothing

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65

geophagy

eating of nonfood substances, such as clay, dirt, starch

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66

glossoscopy

traditional Chinese medical way of dx'ing a health problems by examining the tongue

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67

green card

documentation that a person is a legally admitted immigrant with permanent residence in US

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68

gris-gris

symbols of voodoo; may take numerous forms and may harm or help

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69

halal

a designation for meat form animals that have been slaughtered in ritual way by Islamic faith so that it is suitable for consumption

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70

haragei

Japanese art of nonverbal communication

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71

herbrias

a person who sells herbs

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72

heritage

the family culture, ethnicity, and/or religion that one is born into

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73

hex

evil spell, misfortune, or bad luck that one person can impose on another

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74

homeopathic philosophy

health beliefs and practices derived from traditional culture

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75

homeopathic treatment

person treated, not the disease

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76

homeopathy

system of medicine based on the belief that the disease can be cured by minute doses of a substance, which if given to a healthy person in large doses, would produce the same symptoms that the persons being treated is having

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77

hoodoo

a form of conjuring and a term that refers to the magical practices of voodoo outside new orleans

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78

hydrotherapy

the use of water in the maintenance of health and treatment of a disease

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79

hypnotherapy

use of hypnosis to stimulate emotions and control involuntary responses

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80

iatrogenic

unexpected symptom or illness that can result from treatment of anothe illness

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81

illness

state of imbalance among the body, mind, and spirit; sense of disharmony

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82

immigrant

alien entering the US for permanent or temporary residence

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83

indigenous

people native to an area

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84

kineahora

word spoken by traditional Jewish people to prevent the evil eye

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85

kosher

a designation for food that has been prepared so that is is suitable to be eaten by traditional Jewish people

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86

kusiut

a reference term for an American INdian medican man, a learned one

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87

lay midwife

a person who practices lay midwifery, assisting childbirth for compensation

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88

legal permanent resident (LPR)

green card recipient, a person who has been granted lawful permanent residence in the US

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89

limpia

traditional Hispanic practice of cleansing a person

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90

locura

craziness

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91

macrobiotics

diet and lifestyle from the Far East adapted for the US by Michio Kushif -principles of this vegetarian diet consist of balancing yin and yang food energies

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92

magico-religious folk medicine

use of charms, holy words and actions to prevent and cure illness

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93

mal ojo

bad eye, traditional Hispanic belief that excessive admiration by one person can bring harm to another

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94

massage therapy

use of manipulative techniques to relieve pain and turn energy to body

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95

materialism

taking great pleasure form having more than is necessary

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96

melting pot

the social blending of cultures

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97

medically underserved community

urban or rural population group that lacks adequate health care services

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98

mental

the aspect of the person that is related to thinking and cognition

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99

meridians

specific points of the body in which needles are inserted in the traditional Chinese medical practice of acupuncture

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100

mesmerism

healing by touch

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