Pols 206 haydon final

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Article 1 of the Constitution

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Government

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1

Article 1 of the Constitution

Sets up the framework of the legislative branch of government

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Article 2 Section 1 of the Constitution

Qualifications for Office

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3

Article 2 Section 2 of the Constitution

Powers of the President

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4

Article 2 Section 3 of the Constitution

State of the Union

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5

Article 2 Section 4 of the Constitution

Impeachment

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6

Article 3 of the Constitution

Judicial Branch (Supreme Court)

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7

Which article did the founders spend the most time writing?

Article 1

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8

What are the two roles of the House and Senate?

representation and national lawmaking

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9

Qualifications to be a Representative

25 years old, citizen for 7 years, live in the state they are running in

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Qualifications to be in the Senate

30 years old, 9 years citizen, resident of state

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Representation

working on behalf of one's constituency

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Speaker of the House

must be a natural born citizen, third in line for President

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13

What is the goal of all politicians?

to get reelected

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14

Three Avenues of Reelection

-Advertising

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15

-Credit Claiming

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-Position Taking

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-Money

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18

How much of the House of Representatives time is spent making money?

1/3

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19

What are the four functions of congress?

Policy Representation, Allocative Representation, Casework, Symbolic Representation

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Policy Representation

fight for what your constituants want as a majority

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Allocative Representation

bringing home the benefits

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22

Pork Barrel Projects

public works projects and grants for specific districts paid for by general revenues

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Example of Pork Barrel Projects

Highway work

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Earmarks

legislative provisions to allocate spending to a specific purpose or project

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25

Casework

specific legislative work for constituents in your district

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26

Franking

fliers incumbents have that they don't have to pay for

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Symbolic Representation

politicians using personal characteristics to connect with voters or campaign donors

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What is the expectation of Congress?

to create laws that serve the common good

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29

Collective Responsibility

Congress is responsible for the effectiveness of its laws in solving national problems

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partisianship

strong devotion to a political party

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31

hyperpartisanship

when partisanship is above everything else

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32

Polarization

the difference between parties

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33

Article 1 Section 8

power to tax, to pay debts, regulate interstate commerce, and provide for the common defense

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34

Congress=

House+Senate

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35

Congress election cycle?

covers a two year election cycle

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36

How many mebers in senate

100(2 per state, 6 yr terms)

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37

How many members are in the House of Representatives?

435(based on population, 2 yr terms)

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How many electoral votes are there?

538

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How many electoral votes are needed to win the presidency?

270

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40

Bills become laws when...

President signs them or refuses to veto and both the house and senate muster 2/3 majority to override veto

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Congressional Oversight

Power used by Congress to gather information useful for the formation of legislation, review the operations and budgets of executive departments and independent regulatory agencies, conduct investigations through committee hearings, and bring to the public's attention the need for public policy

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Advise and Consent

the power of the senate to approve or disapprove of any of the president's appointments or treaties

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43

What do the courts do?

decide if the laws are constitutional

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44

Reappointment

reallocation of seats which happens every 10 years

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45

Trend in South and Southwest?

gaining seats

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46

Trend in Northwest and Midwest?

losing seats

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Redistricting

the process of dividing states into legislative districts

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48

partisian gerrymandering

drawing of district boundaries into strange shapes to benefit a political party

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racial gerrymandering

The drawing of election districts so as to ensure that members of a certain race are a minority in the district

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50

What is true about gerrymandering?

people will self segregate, in the end gerrymandering doesn't matter

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51

Disadvantages of being in Congress?

Salary, No job security, hated/low rate of approval

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Advantages of being in Congress?

Perceived Power, Healthcare, Election Rate is high

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coattail effect

when a popular candidate is at the top of the ticket and brings other people across the finish line

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54

What does the Speaker of the House do?

Recognize members for the purpose of speaking, authority to interest the rules of the house, assign new bills to specific committees, make appointments to special committees

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Current Speaker of the House

Kevin McCarthy

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Current House Majority Leader

Steve Scalise

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Current Majority Whip

Tom Emmer

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Current Minority Leader

Hakeem Jeffries

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Current Minority Whip

Catherine Clark

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60

Committees

where the heavy lifting takes place before the bill reaches the floor

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Texas Senators

Ted Cruz and John Cornyn

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Vice President of the US....

is the presiding officer of the Senate

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How votes if there is a tie in the Senate?

the Vice Presidentn

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Pro Tempore of the Senate

Replaces vice president if out of office or on vacation. (For the time being)

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Current Pro Tempore

Patty Murray

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Current Senate Majority Leader

Chuck Schumer

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Current Senate Majority Whip

Dick Durbin

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Current Senate Minority Leader

Mitch McConnell

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69

What were the founders idea of the executive?

believed in a limited executive

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Why was the electoral college created?

to protect the country

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71

Federalists 70

Created by Hamilton, importance of a strong and energetic executive

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72

Head of State

represents the United States as a Whole (apolitical)

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Head of Government

head of a party, how assets and resources will be distributed (political)

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How many presidents have been impeached?

3, Andrew Johnson, Bill Clinton, and Donald Trump

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President Qualifications

35 or older, natural born citizen, and lived the US for at least 14 years

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Impeachment

brought up on charges by the House

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Impeachment is...

politically painful

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78

3 Areas of Constitutional Powers

Executive Powers, Legislative Powers, Judicial Powers

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79

cheif administrator

Term for the President as head of the administration of the Federal Government

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80

Cabinet

implemented by George Washington, helps oversee government(trusted advisors)

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81

What id true about everyone that works in the Executive Branch?

they work of the President

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82

Commander in Chief

term for the president as commander of the nation's armed forces

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83

Cheif Foreign Policy Maker

the president's executive role as the primary shaper of relations with other nations

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84

Treaties

formal agreements between nations, enforceable by law, confirmed by the Senate (2/3 Majority)

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Executive Agreements

agreements between countries that don't carry law and are not approved by the senate

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86

Who has the power to declare war?

Congress

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Legislative Power

the constitution gives the President little power to check on Congress

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88

State of the Union Address

The president's annual statement to Congress and the nation.

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presidental veto

can be overridden by 2/3 of Senate and House

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Executive Orders

clarifications on congressional policy, has backing by the law

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Signing Statements

statements recorded along with legislation clarifying what the President means

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Pardoning

to forgive or excuse someone

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Traditional Presidency

limited presidential powers, admin office and subordinate to Congress

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Modern Presidency

1930s high degree of executive power, Industrialization of US, Population moves from Rural to Urban

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95

Great Depression

government regulates economy, solves socail problems and provides political inspiration

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96

9/11

expansion of government into private life

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97

War Powers Act of 1973

reminded the President that Congress was the only branch to declare war(reaction of Vietnam)

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98

Foreign Intelligence and Surveillance Act

prescribes the way the US government can spy on US citizens possibly committing espionage

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99

Independent Counsel Act

created as a watchdog to make sure the President and Congress are doing their job

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100

Clinton vs. Jones

Clinton was sued by Paula Jones, but he stated that Civil Law does not pertain to him, lost and established that the President can be sued while in office

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