Unit 8: Period 8: 1945–1980

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President Eisenhower

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President Eisenhower

________ played a role in the Suez Canal crisis and pressured Britain and France to withdraw.

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Nixon

________ fought to prevent publication, concerned about effect on secret negotiations with North Vietnam, USSR, and China.

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Feminists

________ fought against discrimination in hiring, pay, college admissions, and financial aid, and control of reproductive rights.

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Martin Luther King

Montgomery bus boycott (1955) led to ________ Jr's national prominence and the integration of city buses.

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Democratic Society

The Students for a(n) ________ (SDS) was formed in 1962 with leftist political agenda.

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CIA

________ helped overthrow anti- American governments in Iran and Guatemala and tried (unsuccessfully) to assassinate Fidel Castro in Cuba.

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Germany

________ was divided into 4 sectors after the war.

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Cold War

The ________ was a power struggle between the two leading political- economic systems, capitalism and communism.

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suburban home

The good life was defined as having a decent job, a(n) ________, and access to modern conveniences (consumerism)

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Daniel Ellsberg

________: Government official who turned the Pentagon Papers over to the press.

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Vietnam

________ was French colony until World War II.

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Eisenhower

________ took office with intentions of imposing conservative values on the expanding federal government.

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Marshall Plan

________- sent $ 12 billion to Europe to help rebuild its economy and promote economic growth.

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Tet Offensive

________ was a major turning point in the war, North Vietnamese and Vietcong nearly captured American embassy in Saigon.

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Berlin Wall

________ symbolized the repressive nature of communism and divide between democratic West and communist East.

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National Organization

________ for Women (NOW) was formed in 1966 to fight for legislative changes, including the Equal Rights Amendment.

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Congress

________ passed the Equal Pay Act (1963) requiring equal pay for equal work.

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Korean War

The ________ began in June of 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea.

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US troops

________ attacked North Korea under the umbrella of the United Nations, which led to China's entry into the war.

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Alabama governor George Wallace

________ ran segregationist third- party campaign, popular in the South.

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Free Speech movement

The ________ was formed at the University of California, Berkeley in 1964.

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Supreme Court

The ________ established a constitutional right to privacy in Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)

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Presidential Election

1952 ________: The Republicans chose Dwight D. Eisenhower, a war hero, in the 1952 ________.

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Kennedy

________ represented hope for many Americans as an advocate for the poor and critic of Vietnam War.

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Military buildup

________ for the Cold War prevented major cuts to the military budget.

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Lai Massacre

The My ________ occurred in 1968, US soldiers abused, tortured, and murdered innocent civilians.

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Cuban missile crisis

________ in 1962 brought US and Soviet Union closest to military confrontation.

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Gerald Ford

________: Vice President and later President who granted Nixon a presidential pardon.

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Peace Talks

________: ________ began soon after, but the war dragged on for two more years.

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Marshall Plan

sent $12 billion to Europe to help rebuild its economy and promote economic growth

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Square Deal

Theodore Roosevelt promised to regulate business and restore competition

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First New Deal

Franklin Roosevelt focused on immediate public relief and recovery of banks

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Second New Deal

Franklin Roosevelt addressed shortcomings of the First New Deal and responded to changing political climate

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Truman's Early Decisions

Truman decided to attempt a reunification of Korea after early military successes

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Truman's Decision

Truman decided against MacArthur's recommendation, thinking a war with China would be imprudent

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1952 Presidential Election

The Republicans chose Dwight D. Eisenhower, a war hero, in the 1952 presidential election

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Truman's Unpopularity

Truman was unpopular, and America was ready for a change

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Two major events heightened American-Soviet tensions

Cuba and Berlin Wall

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Rulings on rights of the accused

Gideon v. Wainwright, Miranda v. Arizona

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Examples of police violence

Selma, Birmingham

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Mississippi

three civil rights workers murdered by local police department

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1968

King assassinated

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Focus on single issues

ending abortion, criticizing affirmative action, emphasizing traditional gender roles and nuclear family

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Henry Kissinger

Secretary of State under Nixon

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Daniel Ellsberg

Government official who turned the Pentagon Papers over to the press

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Gerald Ford

Vice President and later President who granted Nixon a presidential pardon

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