Driver's ed 3-4

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What is the seat belt law in N.J.?

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What is the seat belt law in N.J.?

The driver, and all passengers of a passenger vehicle must wear a seatbelt.

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Seat Belts prevent you from:

  1. They keep motorists and passengers from being thrown from the vehicle in a crash.

  2. They slow a body down with the vehicle.

  3. They keep a motorist/passenger from sliding on the seat during sudden stops and turns.

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What is the checklist according to the manual for starting a parked car?

  1. All windows should be clean, and nothing should block a motorist’s vision.

  2. The seat must be adjusted so a motorist can reach all pedals and controls easily.

  3. Inside and outside rearview mirrors should be adjusted.

  4. Seat belts and shoulder harnesses should be fastened so that they are firm and comfortable.

  5. The vehicle should be in park or neutral gear and the parking brake should be set.

  6. Doors should be locked.

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Where on a wheel should your hands be?

Both hands should grip the steering wheel by the outside rim at the 9 and 3 o’clock positions, keeping the thumbs along the face of the wheel.

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What 4 factors will determine how fast your car will stop?

  1. Motorist reaction time.

  2. Weather and visibility conditions.

  3. Vehicle weight.

  4. Brake conditions.

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What is a common mistake new drivers make when it comes to braking?

Slamming on the brake pedal.

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What are the 3 driving hand signals?

  • Stop or slowing down: hand and arm downward, palm facing to the rear.

  • Right turn: hand and arm upward.

  • Left turn: hand and arm straight out.

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How many feet should you signal before turning?

100 feet

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Where should your hands be on the wheels when driving in reverse, in a straight line?

Right hand and arm should be placed over the back of the front passenger seat; the left hand should grasp the top of the steering wheel.

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When parking uphill, with a curb, which direction should you turn your wheels?

Away from the curb.

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When parking downhill, with a curb, which direction should you turn the wheel?

Towards the curb.

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What is the child restraint law in NJ?

A child under the age of 8, height of 57 inches, and under 40 pounds, shall be secured as described in a federally approved forward facing child passenger restraint system, equipped with a five-point harness in a rear seat of the motor vehicle or, a federally approved booster seat.

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What are blind spots and where are they?

The areas at the sides of the vehicle towards the rear of the vehicle that's not visible in the mirrors.

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What is the fine for an idling car?

$250-$1,000 per violation.

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What is the most common cause for fatal accidents in NJ?

Speeding

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What is the speed limit in a school zone?

25 mph

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What is the speed limit in certain low density business and residential zones?

35 mph

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What is the speed limit in certain state highways?

55 mph

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What is the speed limit in all other rural roadways?

50 mph

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There are many situations when driving when you need to slow down.

  1. Narrow and winding roads

  2. Intersections and railroads

  3. On hills

  4. Sharp/blind cures

  5. When pedestrians/obstacles are present

  6. When road is slippery or wet

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Can you cause an accident for driving too slow?

Yes

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When should you yield the right of way?

  1. Turning left

  2. Leaving a driveway, parking lot, or private road

  3. Emergency vehicle, public transport, railroad crossing, or a mail-delivering vehicle

  4. Pedestrian crossing

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What is an acceleration lane?

An acceleration lane is used to speed up to enter a highway (yield to already traveling traffic and use your turn signal).

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What is a deceleration lane?

A deceleration lane is used to slow down and exit the highway (use turn signal).

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When can you turn right on red?

Unless otherwise posted, NJ law authorizes right turns on red.

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When can’t you turn right on red?

When otherwise posted, you cannot turn right on a red.

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When or where should you stop?

  1. For a school bus

  2. At a bridge that opens

  3. Before entering traffic from the street, driveway, etc.

  4. At a solid white line indicating to stop

  5. At a railroad crossing

  6. For ice cream trucks

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How many feet away should you park from a fire hydrant?

10 feet

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How many feet away should you park from a stop sign?

50 feet

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How many feet away should you park from a crosswalk?

25 feet

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How many feet away should you park opposite a fire station?

75 feet (or 20 feet from the driveway)

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There are places you shouldn’t park

  1. Crosswalk

  2. Near street construction

  3. Parking space marked for people with disabilities (unless you have a disability)

  4. Interstate highways

  5. On a sidewalk

  6. In a bus stop zone

  7. In front of a driveway

  8. Within a intersection

  9. On any bridge/tunnel

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The laws of N.J. require you to keep to the _______except when passing?

Right

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When shouldn’t you pass another vehicle?

  1. On a hill or a curve

  2. At a street intersection

  3. Railroad crossing

  4. Narrow bridges, underpasses, or tunnels

  5. When the vehicle in fronts stops to let pedestrians cross

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What is an uncontrolled intersection?

An intersection without any traffic control systems to determine right-of-way.

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What should you do at an uncontrolled intersection?

Be extremely careful when approaching an uncontrolled intersection.

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How many feet away should you stop for a school bus?

25 feet

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What should you do when approaching a frozen dessert truck?

Slow down to 15 mph and look out for children.

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How many feet away should you stop for railroad crossing with lights and gate down?

15 feet

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What vehicles should you steer to the right of the road for?

Emergency vehicles such as police cars, fire trucks, ambulances, or any other emergency vehicle using a siren, air horn, and a red, amber, or blue flashing light

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Headlights must be on from when to when?

30-60 minutes before sunrise and after sunset (when visibility is 500 ft or less; when smoke/fog hinders visibility)

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What are the exceptions to the usage of handheld devices?

  1. If the motorist has reason to fear for their life or safety

  2. If the motorist believes that a criminal act may be perpetrated against them or another person

  3. If you need to call an emergency number, but it is unsafe/impractical to stop the vehicle

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What is the fine for using a cellular phone without hands free?

1st offense: $200-$400, 2nd offense within 10 years of the 1st: $400-$600, 3rd offense within 10 years of the 2nd: $600-$800; 3 points toward your license; 90-day license suspension.

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What is the fine for not stopping for a pedestrian in a Crosswalk?

$500, 25 days in jail, community service, driving license suspension for up to 6 months, and 2 points towards your driver’s license.

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What is the move over law and what is the fine if you don’t abide by this law?

The move-over law requires all motorists to change lanes when approaching a stationary emergency vehicle with flashing lights. Drivers who violate this law can face a fine between $100 to $500.

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