HIPAA and Confidentiality

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what does HIPAA stand for?

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what does HIPAA stand for?

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

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HIPAA was created to bring a balance between...

improving flow of information and protecting the privacy of patients

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when was HIPAA signed into law?

1996

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during what administration was HIPAA signed into law?

Clinton administration

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what was the original intention of HIPAA?

to ensure that employees wouldn't lose their health insurance if they changed jobs

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what is the privacy rule?

protects the Personal Health Information (PHI) and the medical records of individuals

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what is the security rule?

requires physicians to protect patients' electronically stored PHI by using appropriate safeguards.

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what is the transaction rule?

regulates how data is electronically transferred from one computer to another; defines the types of electronic transactions subject to HIPAA

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what is the identifiers rule?

requires all healthcare entities to have a unique 10 digit national provider identifier number

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what is the enforcement rule?

establishes guidelines for investigations into HIPAA compliance violations

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what is PHI?

protected health information that appears in medical records as well as conversations between doctors and nurses regarding patient treatment

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where can PHI be found?

medical documents and forms, records of communication, prescriptions, doctor or clinic appointments, blood tests, MRI or x-ray results, or billing info

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what is the "Need to Know Principle"?

healthcare professionals shouldn't use or disclose PHI when it isn't necessary for a specific purpose or function

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true or false: patients have the right to receive a copy of an agency's private practices

true

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patients have the right to...

know that an agency will use its PHI only for treatment, payment, operations, and certain other permitted uses as required by law

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True or false: patients do not have the right to control the use and disclosure of their PHI

false

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Can patients request amendment or addendum to their PHI?

yes

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what can patients receive regarding their PHI?

they can receive records of disclosure (times when PHI was given out)

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Can a patient file a privacy complaint to an agency officer?

yes

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