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Alliteration

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40 Terms

1

Alliteration

The repetition of the same sounds or kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables.

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2

Allusion

When one text refers to another.

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3

Ambiguity

Giving rise to uncertainty with regard to interpretation.

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4

Anadiplosis

The repetition of the last word of one line or clause to begin the next, often leading to climax.

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5

Analogy

A form of logical inference based on the assumption that if two things are alike in some respects, then they must be alike in other respects.

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6

Anaphora

The repetition of a word or words at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences.

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7

Anecdote

A brief, often autobiographical story used to illustrate a point.

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8

Antithesis

The direct or exact opposite; a figure of speech in which sharply contrasting ideas are juxtaposed.

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9

Apostrophe

The direct address of an absent or imaginary person or of a personified abstraction.

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10

Assonance

Resemblance of sound, especially of the vowel sounds in words.

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11

Asyndeton

The omission of conjunctions from constructions in which they would normally be used.

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12

Chiasmus

A type of antithesis in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first with the parts reversed.

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13

Connotation

The emotional or associative value of a word, apart from its dictionary meaning.

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14

Euphemism

The act of substituting a mild, indirect, or vague term for one considered harsh, blunt, or offensive.

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15

Figurative language

Any nonliteral turn in language, which can be classified into tropes and schemes.

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16

Hyperbole

A figure of speech employing exaggeration for tactical effect.

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17

Image

A vivid description appealing to one or more of the senses.

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18

Irony

A figure divisible into three types:verbal irony, situational irony, and dramatic irony.

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19

Jargon

Technical language specific to a particular field.

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20

Juxtaposition

Placing two unlike things side by side to highlight their differences.

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21

Metaphor

A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, making an implicit comparison.

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22

Metonymy

A figure of substitution in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated.

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23

Onomatopoeia

The formation or use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to.

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24

Oxymoron

A rhetorical figure in which incongruous or contradictory terms are combined.

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25

Paradox

A seemingly contradictory statement that may nonetheless be true.

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26

Parallelism

The use of identical or equivalent syntactic constructions in corresponding clauses or phrases.

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27

Parody

A literary or artistic form that imitates the characteristic style of an author or work in order to ridicule it.

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28

Personification

A figure of speech in which inanimate objects or abstractions are endowed with human qualities or represented as possessing human form.

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29

Pun

A play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word or on the similar sense or sound of different words.

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30

Rhetoric

Persuasive speech or language.

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31

Rhetorical devices

Figures of speech or language used for literary or persuasive effect.

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32

Rhetorical question

A question asked for argumentative effect.

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33

Rhetorical strategy

The strategy or plan selected to effectively deliver the intended message in a written piece of work.

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34

Satire

The use of irony, parody, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like to expose, denounce, or deride vice or folly.

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35

Simile

A figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared.

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36

Symbol

Something that represents something else by association, resemblance, or convention.

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37

Synecdoche

A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole, the whole for a part, the specific for the general, or the general for the specific.

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38

Syntax

The pattern of formation of phrases or sentences.

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39

Tone

The quality or character of sound, or the manner of expression in speech or writing.

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40

Understatement

Restraint or lack of emphasis used for rhetorical effect.

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