Psych Unit 1

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structuralism

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43 Terms
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structuralism

classifying and understanding elements of the mind's structure

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behavior genetics

the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior

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Mary Calkins

First Woman President APA

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natural selection

the principle in which nature selects traits that would best enable an organism to survive and reproduce in a distinct environment

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positive psychology

the scientific study of human flourishing with the goals of discovering and promoting strengths that help individuals and communities thrive

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industrial-organizational (I/O)

application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces

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psychology

the science/study of behavior and mental processes

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psychodynamic

how behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts

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Charles Darwin

Natural Selection

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Sigmund Freud

Psychodynamic

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introspection

a self-reflection of one's mind and its psychological processes

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cognitive

how we encode, process, store, and retrieve information

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Jean Piaget

Child Cognitive Development

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nature-nurture issue

controversy about whether human traits are inherited or developed through our experiences

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educational

studying influences on teaching and learning

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G. Stanley Hall

First President APA

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humanistic

how we achieve personal growth

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clinical

Studies assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders

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testing effect

an enhanced memory after retrieving information rather than simply rereading information

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William James

Functionalism

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Margaret Washburn

First Woman PHD

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biological continued

how our genes and environment influence our individual differences

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social-cultural

how behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures

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Wilhelm Wundt

Structuralism/First Lab

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empiricism

the idea that knowledge comes from experience, and that observation and experimentation enable scientific knowledge

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behavioral

how we learn observable responses

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counseling

Assists people with problems in living and achieving greater well-being

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Ivan Pavlov

Classical Conditioning

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John B. Watson and B.F Skinner

Behaviorism

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SQ3R

a study method using these five steps, Survey Question, Read, Retrieve, Reread

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Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow

Humanism

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biological

how the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences

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human factors

how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be made safe

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evolutionary

how the natural selection of traits has promoted the survival of genes

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psychiatry

medicine dealing with psychological disorders

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Dorothea Dix

Reformer

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developmental

studying our changing abilities from womb to tomb

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personality

investigating our persistent traits

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social

exploring how we view and affect one another

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community

studies how people interact with their social environments and how social institutions affect individuals and groups

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functionalism

how mental and behavioral processes function and how they are useful to an organism in adapting to the environment

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psychoanalysis

the ways our unconscious and childhood experiences affect our behavior

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behaviorism

studies behavior without reference to mental proceses

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