Unit 4: Rhetorical Fallacies

studied byStudied by 354 people
2.5(2)
get a hint
hint

rhetorical fallacy

1 / 20

21 Terms

1

rhetorical fallacy

is basically faulty reasoning leading to a conclusion the advertiser, author, or speaker wants you to make.

New cards
2

Emphasizing the Person

the evidence focuses on the person who supports a conclusion, not on the merits of the conclusion itself.

New cards
3

Ad Populum or “bandwagon”

A certain political candidate is ahead in the polls.

New cards
4

Argument from Authority

This rhetorical fallacy focuses solely on the credentials or fame of the person recommending the product, without saying anything about the product itself.

New cards
5

Ad Hominem

This rhetorical fallacy turns to the other side of the coin and points out negative characteristics of the person who promotes an idea or action.

New cards
6

Dogmatism

The conclusion must be correct because the author or speaker says it is and she can’t possibly be wrong.

New cards
7

Equivocation

This type of fallacy leaves out facts that a reader or listener would need in order to make a thorough assessment of the conclusion.

New cards
8

Sentimental Appeals

Charities often use this tactic when they ask for donations.

New cards
9

Slippery Slope

According to this rhetorical fallacy, if you eat at a fast-food takeout once, pretty soon you’ll never want to eat healthy, nourishing home-cooked meals again.

New cards
10

Scare Tactics

Here the speaker or author is trying to frighten you into agreeing with him.

New cards
11

Red Herring

Instead of addressing the key issues of an opposing argument, a red herring fallacy focuses attention on an insignificant or irrelevant factor.

New cards
12

Straw Man

The writer creates a straw man—something that’s easy to knock down and tear apart—as the opposing viewpoint.

New cards
13

Faulty analogy

One thing is compared with a second thing, but the comparison is exaggerated or misleading or unreasonable.

New cards
14

Faulty causality

(also called Post hoc ergo propter hoc): This type of fallacy assumes that because one event happened shortly before another, the first event must have caused the second.

New cards
15

Begging the Question

In this rhetorical fallacy, an assumption which is not proven is used as evidence that the conclusion is correct.

New cards
16

Circular Argument

This fallacy says essentially the same thing in both the conclusion and in the evidence that allegedly supports it.

New cards
17

Missing the point

The author offers evidence that supports a conclusion—it’s just not the same conclusion that the author reaches.

New cards
18

Non Sequitur

This Latin term means, “it doesn’t follow.”

New cards
19

False Dichotomy

This rhetorical fallacy assumes a black-and-white world in which there is no middle ground, no other alternative.

New cards
20

Hasty Generalization

Here the author or speaker assumes that a limited experience foreshadows the entire experience.

New cards
21

Non-testable hypothesis

In this rhetorical fallacy, anything that has not been proven false is assumed to be true; the author doesn’t need to prove it’s true.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 53356 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(282)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 43 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 30 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 96 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(7)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard28 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard27 terms
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard28 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 274 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard24 terms
studied byStudied by 121 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)