Prokaryotes Diversity

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32 Terms

1

prokaryotes

unicelular

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2

prokaryotes

DNA is stored in cytoplasm

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3

prokaryotes

smaller

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4

prokaryotes

no membrane bound organelles

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5

Bacteria and Archaea

absence of a nucleus

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6

Bacteria and Archaea

Prokaryotes

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7

Bacteria and Archaea

oldest and most diverse

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8

Archaea and Eukarya

cell walls aren’t peptidoglycan

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9

Archaea and Eukarya

transcription and translation are similar

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10

Eukarya

eukaryotic

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11

Positive Gram Stain

have a thick peptidoglycan

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12

Positive Gram Stain

don’t have outer lipid membrane

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13

extremophiles

organisms that can live in extreme environments (temp, radiation, pH, and salinity)

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14

Spirochetas

cork-screw shaped

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15

Spirochetas

spirochete flagellum (flagella found in the cell)

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16

Spirochetas

can live in anaerobic environments

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17

Spirochetas

Chemoheterotrophs (s)

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18

Cyanobacteria

filaments/spheres/spirals

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19

Cyanobacteria

nitrogen fixation

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20

Cyanobacteria

photoautotrophs

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21

Cyanobacteria

oxygenic photosynthesis (c)

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22

Cyanobacteria

endosymbiotic

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23

Proteobacteria

rods/spheres/spirals

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24

Proteobacteria

heterotrophs or chemoautotrophs

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25

Proteobacteria

oxygenic photosynthesis (p)

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26

actinobacteria

rods/filaments

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27

actinobacteria

chemoheterotrophs (a)

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28

actinobacteria

can fix nitrogen

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29

actinobacteria

often parasites

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30

actinobacteria

can be antibiotics

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31

actinobacteria

gram positive

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32

actinobacteria

oxygen photosynthesis (a)

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