Unit 4: Period 4 1800-1848

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Andrew Jackson

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49 Terms

1

Andrew Jackson

received the most popular votes and the most electoral votes, he did not receive enough electoral votes to be declared the winner.

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2

Shakers

religious sect that originated in 18th century England and later settled in America.

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3

Brook Farm

utopian community founded in 1841 in West Roxbury, Massachusetts.

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4

Freedom

did not mean economic or political equality for African Americans (AA)

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5

Presidential Election of 1828

Andrew Jackson defeated John Quincy Adams in a landslide victory.

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6

Erie Canal

linked economies + lower food prices especially up north

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7

William Henry Harrison

gov of Indiana in Battle of Tippecanoe → Tecumseh formally allies with British.

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8

Auburn System

enforced rigid rules of the disciple with moral instruction + work programs.

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9

Rush-Bagot Agreement

the goal of significantly reducing both countries 'burgeoning naval fleets stationed in the Great Lakes.

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10

Amana Colonies

group of seven villages in Iowa that was established on the principles of communal living and mutual support, and were largely self-sufficient.

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11

Treaty of 1818

set the western boundary between the United States and British North America (later Canada) at the forty-ninth parallel up to the Rocky Mountains.

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12

Runaways

escape from enslavement was challenging as there was org militia.

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13

Economic depression

caused by bank failures and a sharp decrease in the value of money.

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14

Charles Grandison Finney

started a series of revivals in New York.

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15

Free Seas and Trade

Cheif belligerents had no interest in respecting neutral rights.

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16

Lake Erie Battle

led the way for victory at the Battle of Thames River.

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17

Dorothea Dix

advocated for the creation of mental hospitals to help those suffering from mental illness.

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18

New Harmony

small town located in Indiana in 1814 as a utopian experiment in communal living.

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19

Oneida Community

religiously- based socialist society in the United States that was founded by John Humphrey Noyes in 1848+ est.

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20

Millennialism

religious enthusiasm was based on the belief that the world was about to end with the second coming of Jesus.

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21

Popular campaigning

candidates directed the campaign to the interests + prejudices of common people.

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22

Pet banks

withdraw all BUS funds to various state banks.

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23

Cult of domesticity

a system of cultural beliefs governing gender roles.

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24

American Antislavery Society

an organization in the United States that was dedicated to the abolition of slavery.

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25

Peggy Eaton

wife of John Henry Eaton, who was accused of adultery and of being involved in the death of her first husband.

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26

American Colonization Society

founded in 1816 with the aim of establishing colonies in Africa for freed slaves to stop slavery + hindered by a lack of funding and support from the government.

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27

Indian Removal Act

grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders

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28

American Response

debates over joint action.

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29

War Hawks

Advocated war as a way to defend American Honor

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30

Treaty of 1818

set the western boundary between the United States and British North America (later Canada) at the forty-ninth parallel up to the Rocky Mountains

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31

Commonwealth v. Hunt

ruled that labor unions were not inherently illegal organizations and that workers had the right to strike

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32

Pet banks

withdraw all BUS funds to various state banks

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33

Oneida Community

religiously-based socialist society in the United States that was founded by John Humphrey Noyes in 1848+ est

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34

Cult of domesticity

a system of cultural beliefs governing gender roles

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35

The American Colonization Society

was founded in 1816 with the aim of establishing colonies in Africa for freed slaves to stop slavery + hindered by a lack of funding and support from the government

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36

The American Antislavery Society

an organization in the United States that was dedicated to the abolition of slavery

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37

Black abolitionists

Frederick Douglass + Harriet Tubman + David Ruggles, Sojourner Truth + William Still

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38

Runaways

escape from enslavement was challenging as there was org militia

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39

Louisiana Purchase

the United States purchased 828,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million from the french

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40

Marbury v. Madison

est. principle of judicial review

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41

McCulloch v. Maryland

gave the federal government power to create a national bank

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42

Gibbons v. Ogden

federal government’s board control of interstate commerce

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43

Missouri Compromise

Admits Maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state  (Henry Clay)

The set boundary at 36’30’’ parallel of Louisiana with North free state and south slave state

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44

American Neutrality

Embargo Act, Nonimportation Acts, Non-Intercourse Act, Macon’s Bill No.2

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45

Treaty of Ghent

The northern boundary settled in 1818 and the 49th parallel between the Lake of the Woods and the Rocky Mountains

The US focused less on affairs with Europeans

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46

Adams Onis Treaty

US buys FL from Spain

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47

Universal Male Sufferage

White males could vote regardless of restrictions

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48

Spoils System

Appointing political supporters to government positions regardless of qualifications (Jackson)

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49

Cult of domesticity

a system of cultural beliefs governing gender roles

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